Presentation on theme: "The Nitrogen Cycle. Background on Nitrogen All life requires nitrogen compounds (e.g. DNA, proteins, etc.). Air, which is 79% nitrogen gas (N 2 ), is."— Presentation transcript:
The Nitrogen Cycle
Background on Nitrogen All life requires nitrogen compounds (e.g. DNA, proteins, etc.). Air, which is 79% nitrogen gas (N 2 ), is the major reservoir of nitrogen. But most organisms can’t use nitrogen in this form. Plants get nitrogen by fixing it into a compound such as ammonia (NH 3 ), urea (NH 2 ) 2 CO, and nitrate ions (NO 3 − ) Animals get nitrogen (compounds) by eating plants, or by eating animals that have fed on plants.
The Nitrogen Cycle There are 3 main ways that nitrogen gets recycled: 1.Nitrogen Fixation 2.Denitrification 3.Decomposers
1. Nitrogen Fixation Nitrogen Fixation means taking atmospheric nitrogen (N 2 ) and making it into a compound (e.g. NH 3 ), which makes it useable for living organisms. Two ways: (A)Energy from lightning: -Lightning breaks N 2, allowing N atoms to combine with oxygen forming nitrogen oxides -Nitrogen oxides dissolve in the rain forming nitrates which are carried to the earth
1. Nitrogen Fixation (Cont’d) (B) Nitrogen Fixing Bacteria: -Usually found in soil on plant roots -These special bacteria can convert N 2 into compounds -They give the plant nitrogen compounds, and in turn, the plant gives the bacteria sugar -Both the plant and the bacteria benefit in this symbiotic relationship
2. Denitrification Definition: making nitrates into nitrogen gas, thus replenishing the nitrogen gas in the atmosphere This once again done by bacteria
3. Decomposers When living material dies, it gets decomposed (broken down) by bacteria (decomposers). The decomposers convert nitrogen compounds to simple chemicals like ammonia or nitrates. These nitrates can recycle again by acting as a nutrient for plants.
How Does This Affect US? We might not hear a lot about nitrogen, but it plays a big role in our lives. Example: the use of agricultural fertilizers to increase plant growth. Is fertilizer use good or bad?
How Does This Affect US? Good: we can grow more food. Bad: ecosystems are becoming nitrogen rich. This often decreases the quality of an ecosystem by draining the oxygen. Example: In an aquatic ecosystem that is very nitrogen rich (eutrophic), the water quality drops, and usually fish and plant life decrease.
Homework Draw a simple DIAGRAM of the Nitrogen Cycle, showing Nitrogen Fixation, Denitrification, and Decomposers.
The Nitrogen Cycle ridge/Chp29/animations/ch29/1_nitrogen_cyc le.swf
Homework Using your textbook to help you, draw me a SIMPLE figure of the water cycle (p 523) Include the following terms in your diagram: evaporation, precipitation, condensation, and surface runoff (be able to define) Although I won`t be specifically teaching the water cycle, it is testable material.