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Citric Acid Cycle
Pyruvic Acid to Acetyl CoA
Citric Acid Cycle
1. Synthesis of citric acid 2. Dehydra- tion 3. Hydration
Citric Acid Cycle 4. Oxidation NAD + to electron transport 5. Decar- boxy- lation Remove CO 2
Citric Acid Cycle 6. Oxidation NAD + to electron transport Decar- boxy- lation Thiol synthesis
Citric Acid Cycle 7. Hydrol- ysis Make ATP 8. Oxidation 9. Hydration 10. Oxidation
Citric Acid Cycle Summary Link to vchembook - ATP calculationvchembook
Citric Acid Cycle
ATP Electron Transport
ATP from glucose
Hormone Regulation of Carbo- Metabolism
Insulin - high glucose |||| Glucagon - low glucose
Response to muscle activity
Link Reaction Link Reaction and The Citric Acid Cycle.
NAD NADH 2 H2H2H2H2 H2H2H2H2 Acetyl Co-A Co-A Co-AAcetylAcetyl.
Oxidative Phosphorylation and ATP 24.5 ATP Energy from Glucose Chapter 24 Metabolism and Energy Production.
Pre-Krebs and Krebs Cycle. Take place in the mitochondria 2 pyruvate molecules enter the mitochondria from the cytoplasm 3 Functions: 1.Produces NADH.
Copyright © 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Concept 9.3: The citric acid cycle completes the energy-yielding oxidation of.
Human Physiology Cell Respiration and Metabolism Chapter 2.
Respiration Summary By Luke Runacres. 4 Stages Glycolysis – Cytoplasm Link reaction - Matrix Krebs Cycle - Matrix Electron transport chain – Inner membrane.
Cellular Respiration Aerobic Processes Requires oxygen Anaerobic Processes Do not require oxygen Ex: Fermentation.
Aerobic Respiration Pyruvate Oxidation The Citric Acid Cycle.
Cellular Respiration Adenosine Triphosphate Universal energy carrier of the cell –Active transport –Reproduction –Movement –Muscle contractions –Protein.
Krebs Cycle. Cellular Respiration Process by which our cells produce energy from the foods we eat 3 parts: – Glycolysis – Krebs cycle – Electron transport.
The homework due date has been postponed. It is now due on Thursday at 10:00 pm. The Chapter 7 Test will be on Friday.
Anaerobic Respiration Glycolysis Fermentation Alcohol Lactic Acid Cellular Respiration Cellular Respiration by Shelley Penrod and RM Chute Cellular.
Chapter 7 Glycolysis and the Citric Acid Cycle. You Must Know NAD+ and NADH The role of glycolysis in oxidizing glucose to two molecules of pyruvate.
Cellular Respiration DaShario Gilliam LRC 320. Cellular Respiration Both requires and sends off energy: Aerobic and Anaerobic 3 Phases 1.Glycolysis 2.Citric.
CELLULAR RESPIRATION C6H12O6 + 6O2 → 6CO2 + 6H2O + ENERGY (AS ATP) OR GLUCOSE + OXYGEN → CARBON DIOXIDE + WATER + ENERGY (AS ATP)
Alternative Pathways in cell respiration. GLYCOLYSIS KREBS CYCLE ELECTRON TRANSPORT AND OXIDATIVE PHOSPHORYLATION ATP Krebs Cycle Glucose NADH FADH 2.
Cellular Respiration Part 3 Krebs Cycle – Pages 96 to 97.
Cellular Respiration 8.3. I. Cellular Respiration A.Cellular Respiration- The process that breaks down food molecules (glucose) into ATP 1. Takes place.
Stages of Metabolism. Pyruvate Oxidation Conversion to acetyl–CoA Catalyzed by pyruvate dehydrogenase Decarboxylation - gives CO 2 and aldehyde (uses.
Pathways that reduce NAD+ to NADH How do cells transfer electrons from food to NAD+ to make NADH? –From sugars –From proteins –From fatty acids Images.
Ⓒ Richard Mayberry. Glycolysis Kreb’s Cycle Electron Transport.
Aerobic Cellular Respiration Pyruvate Oxidation The Krebs Cycle.
Steps of Respiration/Metabolism 1. Glycolysis (O2 or -O2) 2. Pyruvate->Acetyl CoA (O2) or Fermentation (-O2) 3. Krebs Cycle/TCA Cycle/Citric Acid Cycle.
Details of Cellular Respiration Glycolysis Kreb’s Cycle Electron Transport Chain/ Oxidative Phosphorylation.
Pyruvate Oxidation & Krebs Cycle. STEP 2: PYRUVATE OXIDATION.
Cellular Respiration. When is ATP Made in the Body? During a Process called Cellular Respiration that takes place in both Plants & Animals.
Carbohydrates – Part Two A. Regulation of Blood Glucose B. The Glycemic Index C. ATP Production from CHO.
CHAPTER 5 CELLULAR RESPIRATION P DEFINITION DECOMPOSITION PATHWAY THAT PROVIDES THE ENERGY (ATP) CELLS NEED TO FUNCTION 2 TYPES (SEE P.1.
Overview. H2OH2O Glycolysis FIRST step in converting the energy in food into ATP. Occurs in ALL organisms. Occurs in the cytoplasm of cells. Go to Activity.
Respiration. Find the mitochondrion Mitochondrion structure.
AP Biology Ch. 9 – Cellular Respiration. Catabolic pathway Fermentation Aerobic respiration Anaerobic respiration Cellular respiration Redox reaction.
Chapter 9 (continued) Fermentation. glucose 2 ATP 2 NADH 2 pyruvate 2 ATP 8 NADH 2FADH 2 O ATP water glycolysis citric Acid cycle oxidative phosphorylation.
Pathways for Pyruvate The pyruvate produced from glucose during glycolysis can be further metabolized in three possible ways For aerobic organisms, when.
1 24.1The Citric Acid Cycle Chapter 24 Metabolism and Energy Production.
CHAPTER 23 Metabolism and Energy Production. What happens after glycolysis? When oxygen is present (under aerobic conditions)… The acetyl-CoA is sent.
Alcohol Fermentation Process utilized by yeast to produce ATP in the absence of oxygen (anaerobic) glycolysis (Starts with Glycoloysis) – 2 ATP – 2 NADH.
Three Metabolic Pathways. Pathways of Cell Respiration
Metabolism and Energy Production Citric Acid Cycle Electron Transport Chain ATP Energy from Glucose Oxidation of Fatty Acids Metabolic Pathways for Amino.
Intro to Cellular Respiration, Glycolysis & Krebs Cycle Chapter
Aerobic Respiration. In summary, aerobic respiration is: Glycolysis – the phosphorylation of glucose to 6C hexose phosphate, then splitting into 2 x 3C.
What do you notice about this equation? Starts in cytoplasm Finishes in the mitochondria.
© 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 7.2 Light energy ECOSYSTEM Photosynthesis in chloroplasts CO 2 H 2 O Cellular respiration in mitochondria Organic.
Overview of Cellular Respiration Section 4.4 Cellular respiration makes ATP by breaking down sugars. If a step requires oxygen, it is called aerobic.
Krebs Cycle and Electron Transport Chain Section 9-2.
The Citric Acid Cycle. Figure 9.10 Pyruvate Transport protein CYTOSOL MITOCHONDRION CO 2 Coenzyme A NAD + H NADH Acetyl CoA 123 Before the citric.
Catabolism – Electron Transport. Catabolism -- Overview.
04_06 Glycolysis Slide number: 1 Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. The 6-carbon sugar glucose.
Fate of Pyruvate & Citric Acid Cycle Introduction of Glucose Metabolism Lecture-3.
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