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Internet Technology In Music Education. Contents Introduction Introduction Development Development National Standards National Standards 35 Web Site Reviews:

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Presentation on theme: "Internet Technology In Music Education. Contents Introduction Introduction Development Development National Standards National Standards 35 Web Site Reviews:"— Presentation transcript:

1 Internet Technology In Music Education

2 Contents Introduction Introduction Development Development National Standards National Standards 35 Web Site Reviews: Internet Resources 35 Web Site Reviews: Internet Resources Interactive Learning Interactive Learning Virtual Learning Communities Virtual Learning Communities Design Your Own Site Design Your Own Site World Music World Music Tools and Resources Tools and Resources Sheet Music Sheet Music Resource Portals Resource Portals References References

3 Introduction

4 Introduction Greek roots of the word technology refer to the study of art, craft, or technique (Webster 2002). Greek roots of the word technology refer to the study of art, craft, or technique (Webster 2002). How appropriate it is to use internet technology to advance music education! How appropriate it is to use internet technology to advance music education! The following presentation reviews past and current use of music technology. The following presentation reviews past and current use of music technology. Reviews of web sites focus upon application and interactivity of the content. Reviews of web sites focus upon application and interactivity of the content.

5 Development

6 Development A quick overview of the use of technology for instructional purposes helps ground our understanding of classroom uses, past, present, and future! A quick overview of the use of technology for instructional purposes helps ground our understanding of classroom uses, past, present, and future! Note the progression from programmed instruction to interactive instruction and independent learning. Note the progression from programmed instruction to interactive instruction and independent learning.

7 (Berz, 1995) 1950: Earliest Uses Computers were not typically intended for educational use. Computers were not typically intended for educational use. Purposes included calculating missile trajectories. Purposes included calculating missile trajectories. However, the technology industry developed programs to train its own personnel. However, the technology industry developed programs to train its own personnel. Computing field of Artificial Intelligence (AI) research develops under Alan Turing and Claude Shannon. Computing field of Artificial Intelligence (AI) research develops under Alan Turing and Claude Shannon.

8 (Berz, 1995) Researchers study the possibilities of computer- assisted instruction (CAI). Researchers study the possibilities of computer- assisted instruction (CAI). Uses are primarily restricted to programmed instruction delivered by computer. Uses are primarily restricted to programmed instruction delivered by computer. 1970: SCHOLAR, the first intelligent tutoring system is introduced. 1970: SCHOLAR, the first intelligent tutoring system is introduced : Mainframe Period

9 (Berz, 1995) : Microcomputer Period 1978: Apple II released 1978: Apple II released 1981: IBM-PC released 1981: IBM-PC released 1984: Macintosh released 1984: Macintosh released The development of personal computers allows the proliferation of computer technology in the home and classroom. The development of personal computers allows the proliferation of computer technology in the home and classroom.

10 (Berz, 1995) : Emerging Technologies Hypermedia, Artificial Intelligence, and Virtual Reality become more instructionally flexible. Hypermedia, Artificial Intelligence, and Virtual Reality become more instructionally flexible. Hypermedia is the use of links to connect information. Hypermedia is the use of links to connect information. Today, it is commonly used on the Web to view more detailed text, images, audio, video, or to go to a new web site. Today, it is commonly used on the Web to view more detailed text, images, audio, video, or to go to a new web site. Virtual Reality, coined in 1989, refers to computer-based experiences conveyed electronically such that senses are engaged primarily in the electronic presentation rather than the immediate environment. Virtual Reality, coined in 1989, refers to computer-based experiences conveyed electronically such that senses are engaged primarily in the electronic presentation rather than the immediate environment.

11 : Technology in Curriculum 1994: Following development of National Standards in Music Education, MENC publishes Opportunity-to- Learn standards, including references to 1994: Following development of National Standards in Music Education, MENC publishes Opportunity-to- Learn standards, including references to Computers, software, MIDI equipment, CD-ROMs, and other resources Computers, software, MIDI equipment, CD-ROMs, and other resources Researchers note that new models, techniques, strategies, and even philosophies must develop with the new technologies (Berz, 1995; Hebert, 2008; Lange, 2001). Researchers note that new models, techniques, strategies, and even philosophies must develop with the new technologies (Berz, 1995; Hebert, 2008; Lange, 2001).

12 : Technology in Curriculum 1999: MENC publishes the addendum, Opportunity-to-Learn Standards for Music Technology 1999: MENC publishes the addendum, Opportunity-to-Learn Standards for Music Technology 2001: Despite growing awareness and use of technology for teachers own learning and correspondence, these same technologies were not integrated into the classroom for student learning (Bauer, 2001). 2001: Despite growing awareness and use of technology for teachers own learning and correspondence, these same technologies were not integrated into the classroom for student learning (Bauer, 2001).

13 National Standards

14 Singing, playing instruments, improvising are assisted through tools in music theory, piano pedagogy, music history, sheet music, virtual learning centers, practice-and-drill sites, and injury prevention. Singing, playing instruments, improvising are assisted through tools in music theory, piano pedagogy, music history, sheet music, virtual learning centers, practice-and-drill sites, and injury prevention.

15 National Standards Composing, reading, notating, and listening standards are supported through computer assisted instruction, distance learning, electronic encyclopedias, and online mentoring. Composing, reading, notating, and listening standards are supported through computer assisted instruction, distance learning, electronic encyclopedias, and online mentoring.

16 National Standards Evaluating, understanding relationships among other disciplines, and understanding music history and culture are particularly assisted by social networking aspects online: course-based e-discussions, direct contact with musicians and scholars, viewing performances and rehearsals, and musical life in all parts of the world (Bauer, 2001; Hebert, 2008; Mishra, 2004). Evaluating, understanding relationships among other disciplines, and understanding music history and culture are particularly assisted by social networking aspects online: course-based e-discussions, direct contact with musicians and scholars, viewing performances and rehearsals, and musical life in all parts of the world (Bauer, 2001; Hebert, 2008; Mishra, 2004).

17 Web Site Reviews Interactive Learning

18 Musictheory.net

19 Musictheory.net Review Audience: Upper elementary to Educator Audience: Upper elementary to Educator Features: Features: Online Interactive Lessons Online Interactive Lessons Online Interactive Exercises Online Interactive Exercises Interactive theory and performance tools Interactive theory and performance tools Free Free

20 Emusictheory.com

21 Emusictheory.com Review tml tml tml tml Audience: Upper elementary to Educator Audience: Upper elementary to Educator Features: Features: Online Interactive Exercises Online Interactive Exercises Interactive theory tools Interactive theory tools Free (online tab) or by subscription Free (online tab) or by subscription

22 Pedaplus.com

23 Pedaplus.com Review Audience: Piano, upper elementary to Educator Audience: Piano, upper elementary to Educator Features: Features: Repertoire Repertoire Articles Articles Worksheets Worksheets Interactive games Interactive games Products for sale Products for sale Free Free

24 Smartmusic.com

25 Smartmusic.com Review Audience: Upper Elementary to Educator Audience: Upper Elementary to Educator Features: Features: Online Repertoire Online Repertoire Online Recording Online Recording Online Assessment Online Assessment Online Ear Training Online Ear Training Annual subscription: $36 student, $140 teacher Annual subscription: $36 student, $140 teacher

26 Web Site Reviews Virtual Learning Communities

27 Music Composition Online Mentoring Program

28 Audience: Educators Audience: Educators Features: Features: Example of virtual learning community between upper elementary students and composer mentors Example of virtual learning community between upper elementary students and composer mentors Also contains video files designed to help students compose on Orff instruments Also contains video files designed to help students compose on Orff instruments Free browsing, subscription needed for posting Free browsing, subscription needed for posting

29 Danmans Music.com

30 Danmans Music.com Review Audience: Undergraduate, Educators, and Parents Audience: Undergraduate, Educators, and Parents Features: Features: Video Lessons Video Lessons Lesson Plans Lesson Plans Products for sale Products for sale Subscription Subscription

31 Skype

32 Skype Audience: Educators Audience: Educators Features: Features: Videoconferencing software permits distance studio Videoconferencing software permits distance studio Free Free

33 Design Your Own Site

34 Your Web Site Should Include: Advocacy for the music program Advocacy for the music program Student work via MP3 files is a primary draw to the site Student work via MP3 files is a primary draw to the site However, discuss and maintain student privacy as necessary for your school community. However, discuss and maintain student privacy as necessary for your school community. Resource information Resource information Calendar and concert information for parents Calendar and concert information for parents Groups to join such as youth choirs and string orchestras Groups to join such as youth choirs and string orchestras High-quality local performances High-quality local performances Lists of local private teachers Lists of local private teachers (Thibeault, 2001)

35 Web Site Reviews World Music

36 BBC – Radio 3

37 BBC – Radio 3 Review c/videolibrary/pix.shtml c/videolibrary/pix.shtml c/videolibrary/pix.shtml c/videolibrary/pix.shtml Audience: High School to Educator Audience: High School to Educator Features: Features: Multimedia music listening Multimedia music listening World music interactive map World music interactive map Glossary Glossary Free Free

38 Live-radio.net

39 Live-radio.net Review Audience: Educators Audience: Educators Features: Features: Streaming radio from numerous countries Streaming radio from numerous countries Free Free

40 Songs Indonesia.com

41 Songs Indonesia.com Review Audience: Educators Audience: Educators Features: Features: MIDI files of Indonesian songs by category MIDI files of Indonesian songs by category Free Free

42 Dance Drummer.com

43 Dance Drummer.com Review Audience: Middle School to Educator Audience: Middle School to Educator Features: Features: Video demonstrations of African drumming Video demonstrations of African drumming Descriptions of African drums Descriptions of African drums Free Free

44 Cora Connection.com

45 Cora Connection.com Review Audience: Educators Audience: Educators Features: Features: Profiles of Gambian instruments Profiles of Gambian instruments Audio recordings of African music Audio recordings of African music Products for sale Products for sale Free Free

46 Washington.edu

47 Washington.edu Review id=58638&sid= id=58638&sid= id=58638&sid= id=58638&sid= Audience: Undergraduate to Educator Audience: Undergraduate to Educator Features: Features: Portal for ethnomusicology publications, recordings, and journals Portal for ethnomusicology publications, recordings, and journals Free, some links restricted to login Free, some links restricted to login

48 National Music Museum

49 National Music Museum Review Audience: Middle School to Educator Audience: Middle School to Educator Features: Features: Virtual tour of the museum Virtual tour of the museum Instrument images by category Instrument images by category Instrument history Instrument history Products for sale Products for sale Free Free

50 Web Site Reviews Tools and Resources

51 Practicespot.com

52 Practicespot.com Review Audience: Educators Audience: Educators Features Features Articles Articles Worksheet generators Worksheet generators Products for sale Products for sale Free Free

53 Redhotjazz.com

54 Redhotjazz.com Audience: Middle School to College Audience: Middle School to College Features: Features: Audio and video archives of countless mid-1900s jazz performances Audio and video archives of countless mid-1900s jazz performances Jazz Bios and essays Jazz Bios and essays Audio files are.ra, which use Realplayer: so get the free download Audio files are.ra, which use Realplayer: so get the free download Free Free

55 Free-ed.net

56 Free-ed.net ed/humanities/music/music01_vod.asp ed/humanities/music/music01_vod.asp Audience: High School to College Audience: High School to College Features: Features: Online videos covering many aspects of the music curriculum Online videos covering many aspects of the music curriculum Free Free

57 Looperman.com

58 Looperman.com Audience: Middle School to Educator Audience: Middle School to Educator Features: Features: Loops for composing, mixing, or adding background texture to songs Loops for composing, mixing, or adding background texture to songs Free Free

59 Vicfirth.com

60 Vicfirth.com Audience: Middle School to Educator Audience: Middle School to Educator Features: Features: Video lessons for percussion Video lessons for percussion Free Free

61 Arts Edge.com

62 center.org/educators.aspx center.org/educators.aspx Audience: Middle Elementary to Educator Audience: Middle Elementary to Educator Features: Features: Multimedia for teachers, families, and students Multimedia for teachers, families, and students How-to links for teachers incorporating technology and the arts How-to links for teachers incorporating technology and the arts Free Free

63 PTG.org

64 PTG.org Review on=CMS_Document&DocID=173&Time= &MenuKey=Menu2 on=CMS_Document&DocID=173&Time= &MenuKey=Menu2 Audience: Piano, High School to Educator Audience: Piano, High School to Educator Features: Features: Lessons Lessons Physics of Sound Physics of Sound Worksheets Worksheets Free Free

65 Whole Note.com

66 Whole Note.com Review Audience: High School to Educator Audience: High School to Educator Features: Features: Guitar lessons for students Guitar lessons for students Composers Composers Articles Articles Products Products Free Free

67 Classical Music Navigator

68 Classical Music Navigator Review dex2.htm dex2.htm dex2.htm dex2.htm Audience: Undergraduate to Educator Audience: Undergraduate to Educator Features: Features: Composers by name and geography Composers by name and geography Works by style and category Works by style and category Glossary Glossary Free Free

69 Dr. Estrellas Incredibly Abridged Dictionary of Composers

70 Dr. Estrellas Incredibly Abridged Dictionary of Composers Review ex.html ex.html ex.html ex.html Audience: High School to Educator Audience: High School to Educator Features: Features: Composer biographies Composer biographies Links to products by composer Links to products by composer Free Free

71 Naxos.com

72 Naxos.com Review iles/bglossary.htm iles/bglossary.htm iles/bglossary.htm iles/bglossary.htm Audience: High School to Educator Audience: High School to Educator Features Features Glossary Glossary Classical Music History Classical Music History Performance attendance etiquette and tips Performance attendance etiquette and tips Products for sale Products for sale Free Free

73 MusicVT.edu

74 MusicVT.edu Review Audience: Middle School to Educator Audience: Middle School to Educator Features: Features: Glossary Glossary Pronunciation audio files Pronunciation audio files Free Free

75 Web Site Reviews Sheet Music

76 Mutopiaproject.org

77 Mutopiaproject.org Review Audience: Educators Audience: Educators Features: Features: Public domain sheet music Public domain sheet music Free Free

78 CPDL.org

79 CPDL.org age age age age Audience: Educators Audience: Educators Features: Features: Public domain sheet music Public domain sheet music Searchable by multiple categories Searchable by multiple categories Available in multiple formats Available in multiple formats Free Free

80 Sheetmusic1.com

81 Sheetmusic1.com Review Audience: Educators Audience: Educators Features: Features: Sheet music for sale Sheet music for sale Products for sale Products for sale Free browsing Free browsing

82 Sibeliusmusic.com

83 Sibeliusmusic.com Review Audience: Educators Audience: Educators Features: Features: Sheet music for sale Sheet music for sale Free browsing Free browsing

84 Web Site Reviews Resource Portals for Further Exploration

85 Music and Health

86 Music and Health Review Audience: Educators Audience: Educators Features: Features: Portal for Musicians Health Portal for Musicians Health Portal for Biomechanics Articles Portal for Biomechanics Articles Portal for Piano Teaching Portal for Piano Teaching Free Free

87 Notation Station.net

88 Notation Station.net Review Audience: Educators Audience: Educators Features: Features: Portal for music theory Portal for music theory Portal for music lessons Portal for music lessons Portal for teacher homepages Portal for teacher homepages Free Free

89 Music.indiana.edu

90 Music.indiana.edu Review es/ es/ es/ es/ Audience: Undergraduate to Educator Audience: Undergraduate to Educator Features: Features: Portal for composers, performances, research, journals, and other resources Portal for composers, performances, research, journals, and other resources Free Free

91 Thebluehighway.com

92 Thebluehighway.com Audience: High School to Educator Audience: High School to Educator Features: Features: Portal for online blues resources Portal for online blues resources Free Free

93 Parting Thoughts

94 The full potential for learning technologies cannot be realized by merely automating traditional models of teaching and learning. In other words, simply inserting technology into our current general, instrumental, and choral programs will result in only incremental gains in student learning (Reese, 1999, p. 26). The full potential for learning technologies cannot be realized by merely automating traditional models of teaching and learning. In other words, simply inserting technology into our current general, instrumental, and choral programs will result in only incremental gains in student learning (Reese, 1999, p. 26). Using instructional technologies presents the opportunity to transform the nature of teaching and learning! Using instructional technologies presents the opportunity to transform the nature of teaching and learning!

95 References

96 References Bauer, W. I. (2001). Using the internet to enhance Bauer, W. I. (2001). Using the internet to enhance music teacher education. Journal of Music Teacher Education, 11(1), Berz, W. L. & Bowman, J. (1995). An historical perspective on Berz, W. L. & Bowman, J. (1995). An historical perspective on research cycles in music computer-based technology. Bulletin of the Council for Research in Music Education, 126, Hebert, D. G. (2008). Reflections on teaching the aesthetics and Hebert, D. G. (2008). Reflections on teaching the aesthetics and sociology of music online. International Review of the Aesthetics and Sociology of Music, 39(1), Lange, B. R. (2001). Hypermedia and ethnomusicology. Lange, B. R. (2001). Hypermedia and ethnomusicology. Ethnomusicology, 45(1),

97 References Mishra, J. (2004). Focusing internet searches for world Mishra, J. (2004). Focusing internet searches for world music resources. General Music Today, 18(1), Reese, S. & Hickey, M. (1999). Internet-based music Reese, S. & Hickey, M. (1999). Internet-based music composition and music teacher education. J.M.T.E.: Journal of Music Teacher Education, 9(1), Thibeault, M. D. (2001). Sharing music programs Thibeault, M. D. (2001). Sharing music programs through the internet. Teaching Music. 9(1), Webster, P. (2002). Historical perspectives on technology and Webster, P. (2002). Historical perspectives on technology and music. Music Educators Journal, 89(1),


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