Presentation on theme: "Cultural Identity and Biases"— Presentation transcript:
1 Cultural Identity and Biases Lustig & KoesterChapter 6
2 Cultural Identity Ingroups and outgroups Cultural identity Natural to languageHow we learn language (Burke)Cultural identitySocial identityPersonal identity
3 Cultural Identity Exercise Page 67 in packet…Instead, compare your circle to others in your groupFirst, take 5 minutes to list all the cultures to which you belongGroups: Discuss how each of your cultures affects your communication (10 minutes)SimilaritiesDifferences
4 Cultural Identity Exercise Group: Now look at the text definition of “cultural identity” (5 minutes)Generate a list of how your discussion of similarities and differences coincides with the text’s definition (how does it fit?)In what ways does your discussion not fit the definition?Report from each group
6 Interrelationships Cultural identity Social identity Individual identity
7 Discussion Yield What we found What we’ve learned MidwestImmigrant ancestorsAmericanFamily identificationYoung adults (can divide)Small-town v. large v. rural v. suburbia (varies)Class-orientation may play a partFamily-identification perhapsCommon value of sports, team-bonding, teamworkConsistent with text:Accepting traditionsConnection with heritageConnections with areas & experiencesClarificationsEmployee identity is socialGroup-oriented / organizational – socialGender may or may not be part of a cultural identityDifferent religionsExperiences make a differenceDifferent Greek, non-Greek groupsDifferent majors, possibly
8 Cultural Identity Its nature Results from membership in the particular cultureLearning traditions, heritage, language, religions, ancestry, aesthetics, thinking patterns, social structuresInternalized as beliefs, values, and normsResult of social practicesIdentification with culture => self-concept
9 Cultural Identity Stages of Identity Formation How it “works” Unexamined cultural identityWhiteness exercise: McIntoshCultural identity searchCultural identity achievementHow it “works”Multiple overlapping (or contradictory) identitiesCentral and peripheral; central and salient“Activation” (and negotiation) of identities (p. 145)Identities are fluid, dynamic (yet also stable) (p. 146)
14 p. 68 in the packet – prepare before class Ethnocentrism scale
15 Social Categorizing A normal human activity The “spiral of silence” Simplification
16 Ethnocentrism Superiority (or Centrality) All cultures (a cultural universal!)Communication competenceRecognitionAwarenessAcknowledgement"What kind of bird are you, if you can't fly?" said he. To this the duck replied, "What kind of bird are you if you can't swim?" as it dove into the pond"~Sergei Prokofiev, Peter and the Wolf ~
17 I Don’t Stereotype People: Exercise GroupsPage 69, packetBrainstormEffect on communication?Consequences of stereotypingClass discussionNature of stereotypingIts impactSolutions?
18 Problems Stereotyping Prejudice Discrimination Racism Definition How it occursSpecific problems (3) ppPrejudiceUniversal4 functions (not 5)DiscriminationRacism
19 Racism (etc.) What is it? (see 2 defs, p. 159) “racialization” versus “racism”?Who can be racist?What are 3 levels of racism?Is racism equal at all levels?What are 7 types of racism? [add “benevolent”]Which is more common today?Which are worse/more harmful?How might our discussion apply toExercise: Media AnalysisDiscussion: Is it offensive?
20 Hate crimes: FBI database What social, personal, and other factors might lead to increases in hate crimes?
22 Beyond racismHow might our discussion apply to other “isms” (sexism, etc.)Do such intolerances impact only the “target” group?What are some positive functions that stereotypes and prejudice serve? Does this justify them?How might stereotypes, prejudice, etc. impact competence?
23 Solutions: Group Exercise What are some concrete things that you, as an individual, can do to reduce the impact of prejudice, stereotypes, etc. on society?What are some higher-level (social, educational) things we could do?