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The Future is Green! What are green jobs? Why are they important? Lorraine Faulds Training & Development Director I SC Employment Security Commission.

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Presentation on theme: "The Future is Green! What are green jobs? Why are they important? Lorraine Faulds Training & Development Director I SC Employment Security Commission."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Future is Green! What are green jobs? Why are they important? Lorraine Faulds Training & Development Director I SC Employment Security Commission

2 Why the interest in green jobs? $$$$

3 Green Jobs Act of 2007: $125 million a year for national and state training programsnever funded

4 American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) of 2009 $50 BILLION Broken down into two areas: Energy Efficiency (EE) and Renewable Energy (RE)

5 Goals of the ARRA: Double the capacity of alternative energy over the next 3 years Weatherize 1 million homes Retrofit 75% of federal buildings Build 3,000 miles of transmission lines

6 EE gets $36.5 Billion, RE gets $8 Billion $5 Billion to weatherize homes of one million low- income families $6.3 Billion for energy-related grants to the states $4.5 Billion to retrofit federal buildings $11 Billion to modernize the nations electrical grid

7 In SC… Total of $160 million $9 million for training $41 million for local governments for energy conservation projects $6 million for rebates on energy-efficient appliances $58 million weatherization $50 million to make government buildings (state offices, schools, colleges) more energy efficient

8 Green Jobs Estimate= 460,000 jobs (nationally) Need to offset loses, especially in construction and manufacturing One job lost means up to 20 jobs lost in indirect effects (Economic Modeling Specialists) During good times, these displaced workers would transition to a similar job in the same industry. But in times like these (where there are no other similar opportunities), retraining is the only option.

9 What is a green job?

10 MANY definitions A blue-collar job, upgraded to better respect the environment (Van Jones, founder of Green For All) Greener versions of existing occupations A traditional job with a layer of green Jobs that involve protecting wildlife or ecosystems, reducing pollution or waste, or reducing energy usage and lowering carbon emissions.

11 SC is working toward developing a definition SC Employment Security Commission SC Department of Commerce South Carolina Energy Office SC Technical College System

12 The basis for the definition is… Any activity or service that performs at least one of the following: Generating renewable energy Recycling existing materials Energy efficient product manufacturing, construction, installation, and maintenance Education, compliance, conservation, and awareness Natural and sustainable product manufacturing

13 Did you notice? G enerating renewable energy R ecycling existing materials E nergy efficient product manufacturing, construction, installation, and maintenance E ducation, compliance, conservation, and awareness N atural and sustainable product manufacturing

14 It can get confusing… See the glossary handout for help with unfamiliar terms.

15 Two General Areas: Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

16 Energy Efficiency: Its not just about putting on a sweater and turning off the lights! Green new construction Building Retrofitting/Weatherization Mass Transit Smart Grid

17 Renewable Energy: Lots of up-front investment (i.e. manufacturing); we currently get only 2.4% of our energy from renewable resources; President Obama wants it up to 25% Wind Solar Geothermal Hydropower Nuclear Hydrogen Clean/low emission coal Natural gas Biofuels (also called biomass)



20 A Word about Nuclear Energy… In some places, nuclear energy is not considered a clean, renewable energy source because it creates hazardous waste and uses a non-renewable resource (uranium). It is in SC! It produces 51.2% of the states electricity.

21 Occupations Work in progress list done by the Department of Commerce Based on other state definitions and lists 137 occupations in 16 industries See handout!

22 Industries Initially… Construction, Installation, Maintenance (based on funding)

23 Top 4 industries with the most occupations on the list are… Life, Physical, and Social Sciences (23 occupations) Construction and Extraction (20) Architecture and Engineering (19) Production (i.e. manufacturing) (19)

24 Later on… Engineering, Production, Sciences (i.e. chemists)

25 Employment in Green Jobs Occupations with the most employment in 2008: Team Assemblers = 36,580 Laborers & Freight, Stock and Material Movers = 34,700 Customer Service Representatives = 30,150 Maintenance & Repair Workers = 26,390 Truck Drivers, Heavy & Tractor Trailer = 23,160

26 Employment in Green Jobs Occupations with the least employment in 2008: Miscellaneous Agricultural Workers (40) Power Distributors and Dispatchers (40) Soil and Plant Scientists (40)

27 Wages for Green Jobs Average hourly wages in 2008 for green jobs in South Carolina ranged from $45.25 for Nuclear Engineers to $8.00 for Agricultural Product Graders and Sorters.

28 Wages for Green Jobs Top 5 Green Jobs by 2008 Average Hourly Wage: Air Traffic Controller = $51.97* Nuclear Engineer = $45.25 Computer & Information Scientists = $44.08 Sales Engineers = $41.05 Chemical Engineers = $40.33 Electrical Engineers = $38.86

29 Career Clusters Manufacturing (29 occs) Architecture and Construction (28) Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (24) See handout!

30 Skills Needed Ten Competencies Needed to Be Successful in Environmental Work 1. Communication skills 2. Collaboration, bridge-building abilities 3. Customer orientation 4. Creativity/innovative thinking 5. Broad environmental sciences understanding 6. Analytical ability, critical thinking, problem-solving 7. Work orientation, professionalism, positive attitude 8. Occupation-specific skills and knowledge 9. Mastery of information technology 10. Leadership ability From Remake a Living: Defining the Environmental Workforce by Kevin Doyle

31 National Credentials The Association of Energy Engineers: facilities managers, HVAC installers, geothermal certifications The North American Board of Energy Practitioners: photovoltaic (solar) installers and photovoltaic technicians The Building Performance Institute: building analysts, HVAC; required for Energy Star contractors Solar Energy International: Renewable energy certifications The Green Building Certification Institute: Runs the Leadership in Environmental and Energy Design (LEED) Accredited Professionals Program for green management and facilities management fields

32 Education Levels Back to the list… OJT: 72 occupations (15 short, 33 moderate, 24 long-term) Bachelors Degree: 32 Associates Degree: 12

33 Training in High School Were not going to be able to build anything and do any green retrofits until we have the workforce to do that. If we wait until they are out of high school to start training them, were going to lose a lot of people. Jay Hansen, Legislative and Political Director for Californias State Building and Construction Trades Council

34 Green High Schools South Tahoe High Schools Green Academy (CA): Expose students to green construction, auto mechanics, and technology Aiken University High School (OH): Environmental sciences program including ECO-nomics (looks at economics and how the market place can effect the environment); college credit offered Environmental Charter High School (CA): Green Action Curriculum, Green Ambassador program, Senior Seminar environmental project, Earth Day Educational Festival Conferences: Green Building Expo (MA), Agricultural Ecology (IL), Energy Career Day (CO)

35 Current programs can have a green element added: Construction trades: Electrician, Plumber, HVAC Culinary trades: Organic farming, composting Automotive: Hybrid and electric powered-vehicles

36 Examples of Tech School Programs Biotechnology at Greenville Tech Advanced Agriculture Certificate (includes sustainable agriculture) at Piedmont Tech Environmental Engineering Technology at Central Carolina Tech Continuing Education: Trident Tech: Home Energy Rating Field Inspector Greenville Tech: Fundamentals of Solar Hot Water Heating, Photovoltaic System Design, Weatherization Energy Auditor, Green Building Midlands Tech: Alternative Energy Operations, Energy-Efficient Design for Architects, Green Building for Contractors, Photovoltaic System Design and Installation

37 Teacher Tools Green-Collar Jobs Campaign Teaching Tools: For HS, 5-part series exploring the green economy, eco-equality, model cities, and restorative justice. (Go to Rainforest Action Network: For MS and HS, 5-parts including Green My School, Green My Ride, Soy What?, No New Coal, Old Growth Forests; also Global Warming (used with Al Gores An Inconvenient Truth movie), Reclaim the Future (Go to

38 Teacher Tools (cont.) Going To Green Environmental Education Curriculum (based on the PBS Series Edens Lost and Found): For HS, video and text series on sustainability, community and environmental awareness (20 different topics), Sample unit at Green Teacher magazine and Teaching Green book series: Go to SC Energy Office: Energy 2 Learn lesson plans, Energy Fact Sheets, link to US Department of Energys Kids Page (Go to

39 The Future Biotechnology Nanotechnology Entrepreneurship: Recessions are a sort of cold shower that wakes you up to the fact that things need to change. Well, I have nothing to lose now. I can do what Ive always wanted to do.

40 The Crystal Ball The US Conference of Mayors said an economy that shifts to generating 40 percent of its electricity from wind, solar, biomass, and other fuels will generate 4.2 million green jobs by 2038. The Apollo Alliance coalition of environmentalists and business leaders says a $500 billion investment over the next 10 years will create 5 million green-collar jobs. According to a study from the Blue-Green Alliance and the Renewable Energy Policy Project, requiring that 20% of our electricity come from renewable sources by 2020 would create 820,000 jobs across the country.

41 Lorraine Faulds Training & Development Director I SC Employment Security Commission 803-737-2714 Thanks for your interest in green jobs!

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