Presentation on theme: "Adventure Education. Definition – Adventure Ed. Actively engaging participants in authentic experiences that have benefits and consequences; focused on."— Presentation transcript:
Definition – Adventure Ed. Actively engaging participants in authentic experiences that have benefits and consequences; focused on intra and interpersonal development
Q&A What are some synonyms for adventure education? Project adventure, team challenge, cooperative activities What are some examples of contrived adventure type activities?
Related to but not: Outward Bound (loosely) Outdoor/Wilderness education More about recreation and education in natural settings Less about contrived activities and personal/group growth May incorporate some elements of adventure education (challenge by choice and personal growth but it is different) Examples: Orienteering, rock climbing, camping, kayaking, mountain biking, etc
Generalized History of AE 4H, YMCA, YWCA Kurt Hahn (Germany, Gordonstoun-Scotland) Outward Bound NOLS Project Adventure (make advantages of outward bound available to everyone) More recent AEE, ACCT, specializations
Adventure Education Values process of participation and promotes: Cooperation (collaborative problem solving) Challenge oneself (expand horizons/abilities) Risk assessment Trust in others Problem solving Self-esteem/confidence Communication (speaking and listening) Tolerance for differences Exploring personal limitations
Teacher Roles Safety enforcer Teach spotting, mindful of safety ALWAYS Rule enforcer Keep students on task according to the rules Encourager Problem presenter, NOT SOLVER Be patient, use subtle hints if necessary Modify challenge if necessary Tone setter Create atmosphere of respect, enjoyment, trust; redirect negative or unacceptable behavior; blind or mute dominant people so other leaders might emerge.
Experiential Learning Cycle STEPS – all are important 1. Explanation of the task (briefing) Usually in the form of a story or scenario (sinking ship etc) 2. Experience or physical activity (activity) 3. Reflecting (debriefing) Group discussion Challenge students with questions to promote affective growth for group and individuals Apply or transfer learning to real-life settings
Experiential Learning Cycle Debriefing Experience, Reflect (what happened) What does it mean Now what (application) Dos and donts
Debriefing Types: Let experience speak for itself Tell them what happened (well, improve, learned) – not recommended Questions that guide participants to discoveries - most common Subtype: Tie experience back to frontload emphasis Self facilitation – journals, pose own Qs, create poem
Debriefing Observe the students during the challenge, take notes if necessary. Debriefing helps groups realize what is going on – the big picture. This includes the way the group was communicating, working out conflicts, how the group made decisions, and how individuals helped or hindered the group. By gaining insights to these things, the group will pull together. From Cayuga Nature Center
Sample Debriefing Qs How did you feel when…? What did you do when…? What happened when…? What did the group do when…? Did everyones idea get heard? Was there any one leader? Who? Did everyone like the final solution? What was the biggest highlight for you? What was the biggest challenge? What was the biggest disappointment? Have you learned anything about yourself?
Sample Debriefing Qs What effective communication were used? How did your teammates enable you to succeed? How did everyone work together? What would you change if you could do it again? What did we learn? What helped us to do that learning? What worked well? Not so well? How could we improve our work together? Did the conversation move us closer to our goals? How? Did we actually focus on the students' work, or on other issues? (personal) Did we follow the process as we planned? If not, why? How could we improve our process? How might we build on this conversation? On what issues were individuals willing to compromise?
Sample Debriefing Qs How did your team work as a group? Was there conflict in the decision making process? How did the students discern important messages from less important communications? Were certain communications automatically given priority or ignored? How does this compare with the flow of information in the real world? Who else had the same experience? Who reacted differently? What do you understand better about yourself/your group? What might we draw/pull from this experience? What does that suggest to you about [communication/conflict/etc.] in general? How does this relate to other experiences youve had? How could you apply/transfer that? What might you do to help/hinder yourself? How could you make it better? What modifications can you make work for you?
Full Value Contract Social contract Written or verbal Actions toward others Student ownership Contracts are the guidelines May want to have each student sign a contract prior to participating. Example 1 Example 2
Challenge by Choice Definition – participants may choose the level of learning that promotes optimal learning Honor a students ability to decline so long as they dont abuse the choice. As an alternative to yes/no choice options, provide an appropriate range of options. For example, on the pamper pole, one student may choose to jump from top while another chooses to climb only 5 feet up Respect choices Stretching their potential Example
Possible Activities High Elements: Group or individual challenges in the air requiring a belay for safety (pamper pole, ships crossing) Low Elements: Group or individual challenges that require spotting (nitro crossing, spiders web…) Field Initiatives: Group or individual challenges on the ground, not spotting required Ropes courses are typically outside, project adventure typically takes place in a gymnasium
Levels of Difficulty Not all elements are made the same BeginningIntermediateAdvanced All aboardWild WooseyHickory Jump The mazeMohawk WalkThe Wall Whale WatchPortholdTrust Fall TP ShuffleSpiderwebFidget Ladder (Project Adventure Inc.)
Risk – Perceived v. Actual (Adventure Program Management Training Manual, Project Adventure Inc., 2005) General Perception of Risk Actual Frequency of Injury Actual Potential Severity of Injury Warm-up games and activities LowModerateLow Low challenge course elements ModerateLowLow to Moderate High challenge course elements HighVery LowModerate to High
PE at Chenango Forks, NY Combination of Adventure and Outdoor Ed. Indoor climbing wall in pool Mountain biking at local state park Kayaking/canoeing at local pond, state park, and pool Ropes course and tower in woods alongside school Lower grades completed extensive project adventure curriculum and various low elements prior to advanced components
Emphasis of Standards within Adventure Education 1. Demonstrates competency in motor skills and movement patterns needed to perform a variety of physical activities. Minor 2.Demonstrates understanding of movement concepts, principles, strategies, and tactics as they apply to the learning and performance of physical activities. Minor 3.Participates regularly in physical activity.Minor 4.Achieves and maintains a health-enhancing level of physical fitness. Minor 5.Exhibits responsible personal and social behavior that respects self and others in physical activity settings. Major 6.Values physical activity for health, enjoyment, challenge, self-expression and/or social interaction. Major Reference: Moving into the Future: National Standards for Physical Education, 2nd ed. (2004), p. 11
Sample Activities Sample activities 1 Common and popular Sample activities 2 Over 200 activities Dr. Cummiskeys facilitator notebook Team building bible
Knot Tying You Tube Videos Figure 8 Knot http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7yO7ePhqx8E Figure 8 Loop http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yu3WNceTJ7o Figure 8 Follow Through (used for direct tie-ins) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uI6KzRx8zAY Super 8/Double Figure 8 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hp7x4LNr-Do Butterfly Knot (aka Alpine Butterfly Knot) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GyH-otibEGE http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QbCXHqLCCu0 Double Fishermans http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2OIIRbpoTJw&feature=fvst Prussic knot http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MDU4sSkXrIM Overall website for all of the above knots if you prefer animated tutorials http://www.abc-of-rockclimbing.com/howto/learn_climbing_knots.asp
Other Resources Sample program Websites: http://www.pa.org/ http://wilderdom.com/pa.htm http://www.geocities.com/dr_adventure/activitypag e.html http://www.geocities.com/dr_adventure/activitypag e.html http://www.chelseapiers.com/eventsales/activities _EG.htm http://www.chelseapiers.com/eventsales/activities _EG.htm http://wilderdom.com/games/OtherSites.html
Competencies Checklist Adventure programs want facilitators to have the proper training in order to promote participant success and minimize potential liability. This may involve mastering several competencies laid out in a checklist or self- assessment format Example self assessment