5 Overview Learning Objective: This presentation will discuss Understand the Processes involved in the planning, design, validation and implementation of a PBN Airspace ConceptThis presentation will discussThe activities that lead up to the implementation of a PBN Airspace Concept.
6 ICAO PBN Manual Doc 9613 Volume I Volume II Airspace Concept Implementation ProcessesVolume IINavigation Specifications
7 Airspace Design is documented in ICAO Manual ICAO ManualsAirspace Design is documented in ICAO ManualDoc 9992 –Manual on The Use of Performance-Based Navigation (PBN) in Airspace Design
8 ICAO Manuals CCO and CDO are documented in ICAO Manuals Doc 9993 – Continuous Climb Operations ManualDoc Continuous Descent Operations Manual
9 PBN Implementation Processes High-level sequential outline of processes to use when considering PBN implementation
11 PBN Enables the Airspace Concept COMNAVSURATMNAVIGATIONAPPLICATIONNAVAIDINFRASTRUCTURESPECIFICATIONPBN
12 Navigation Specification by Flight Phase OCEANIC / Enroute Remote (nonSUR) RNAV 10, RNP 4, RNP 2, Advanced RNP 2RNAV 1/2 & RNP 1 STARs ARNP 1 STARsRNAV 1/2 &RNP 1 SIDsARNP 1 SIDsRNP ApproachRNP-AR ApproachNotes: The numbers given in the table refer to the 95% accuracy requirements (NM)RNP 2 and Advanced-RNP 1 are expected to be included in a future revision of the PBN Manual;1b means that the area of application can only be used after the initial climb of a missed approach phase1c means that beyond 30 NM from the airport reference point (ARP), the accuracy value for alerting becomes 2 NM1a means that the navigation application is limited to use on STARs and SIDs only;RNAV 5/2/1RNP 2Advanced RNP 2 or 1Enroute Continental
14 Overview Learning Objective: This presentation will discuss Understand the Airspace ConceptThis presentation will discussWhat is an Airspace ConceptWhy develop an Airspace ConceptWho develops an Airspace ConceptWhat is needed to develop an Airspace ConceptWhat happens after the Airspace Concept is developed.
15 (Ground- Space-based) PBN Concept ReviewNAVIGATIONAPPLICATION1(Use of NS & NI)XRNAVRNP3NAVIGATIONSPECIFICATIONNAVAIDINFRASTRUCTURE2(RNAV System Perf.)(Ground- Space-based)RNAVRNPXXAccuracy value
16 RNP 1 RNAV 1 RNAV and RNP Alert to Pilot 1 Nautical Mile 95% of flight timeTrack Centerline1 Nautical Mile 95% of flight timeRNP is not different from RNAV: it is more than RNAVThe Key Extra Ingredient:On-Board Performance Monitoring and Alerting
19 What is an Airspace Concept? A master plan of the intended airspace design and its operationDescribes the intended operations within an airspaceDeveloped to satisfy explicit and implicit strategic objectives (improved safety, increased air traffic capacity, improved efficiency, mitigation of environmental impact)A fully developed Airspace Concept:Describes in detail the airspace organization and its operationsAddresses all the strategic objectives identified for the projectAddresses all CNS/ATM enablersIdentifies all operational and technical assumptions
20 Why develop an Airspace Concept? Airspace Concept development provides a structured and systematic way of determiningWhat is to be achieved in an airspace, andHow it will be achievedThe development process helps ensureGoals (expected benefits) of planned airspace structure are clearly stated;Objectives of the airspace change are met; andThe means to achieve these goals are appropriate and feasible within the resources available to the airspace system
21 What does it look like?An Airspace Concept can be in any document formatMaintain configuration control!
22 What is the most critical point in developing an Airspace Concept? Setting the appropriate objectives and scopeEnables the project team to remain focused and the budget to be managed within the set timeMost projects which fail to meet the intended goal do so because of poorly defined scope and objectives.Beware of project creep!
23 Once the Airspace Concept is developed, what’s next? Lay out a detailed program plan for the specific implementation(s) in the Airspace ConceptICAO sample action plans (domain-specific and comprehensive)Consider just as a starting pointAdapt as needed to the specific circumstances of a projectSteps not always conducted in strict sequenceCertain steps may be conducted on a recurring basis as the project progressesSteps and the sequence in which they are performed in the project should be evaluated by the implementation team on the basis of experience and judgment