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Concept note for LEAP Livelihood Enhancement & Association of the Poor in Siem Reap (CAMBODIA) LEAP: Hay Younell, Top Neth, Mean Sambath, Nuon Sokhom,

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Presentation on theme: "Concept note for LEAP Livelihood Enhancement & Association of the Poor in Siem Reap (CAMBODIA) LEAP: Hay Younell, Top Neth, Mean Sambath, Nuon Sokhom,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Concept note for LEAP Livelihood Enhancement & Association of the Poor in Siem Reap (CAMBODIA) LEAP: Hay Younell, Top Neth, Mean Sambath, Nuon Sokhom, Lim Piseth DIME: Radu Ban, Matthias Rieger

2 Project site Siem Reap Phnom Penh

3 Siem Reap background  Provincial Profile  Land area: 12,000 sq. km  Consists of: 12 districts, 100 communes, 875 villages  Total population: 900,000 (more than 80% living in rural)  Total households: 136,185 (avg. HH size 6 persons)  Provincial Economy  Int’l tourists from : million  Provincial GDP (2004): USD 285 million (5.4% of the national GDP)  Tourism industry as the main source of GDP growth  But, Siem Reap remains 1 of the 3 poorest provinces

4 Common causes of poverty  Lack of assets, low investment and productivity  Majority of ID Poor 1 & 2 owns less than 0.5 ha of land  Majority of these land has a low productivity  Lack of access to finance  A study indicates only 58% of HHs (n=80) is able to borrow  About 67% of them use informal source of money lender, with high IR (4-10% per month)  Lack of access to market  Inability to compete with Thai and Vietnamese Products due to inconsistent quality, low volume, time to market...  Lack of market information makes the production and delivery of the right products difficult

5 Project description Project Development Objective is to improve livelihoods of the rural poor in select communes in Siem Reap  Component 1: creating and strengthening self-managed institutions of the poor  Component 2: providing access to finance to the poor  Component 3: linking the poor to key markets and value chains  Component 4: project management, coordination, monitoring and evaluation

6 Project description

7 Project phasing  Pilot phase: 12 communes (half of villages are treated)  1st phase: 8 communes (PLUS half of the rest villages from the pilot phase)  2nd phase: 30 communes 12 8

8 Research questions Are incomes and livelihood of the poor in the target areas improved?

9 Indicators  Indicator 1. At least 50% of HH take up new livelihood technologies  Indicator 2. At least 50% of poor HHs are investing in productive assets generating sustained income with project funds  Indicator 3. At least 50% of HH receiving project funds increase their income by at least 30% of the baseline

10 Key HH survey questions  Income  Percentage of poor/non-poor/women in SHGs  Sources of income (micro-investment, chicken raising, other activities for which training is provided by the program...)  Credit, sources of credit (Banks/MFIs), how much?  Assets  Trust (in SHG, neighboring HHs,...)  Social capital (reducing violence, increase cooperation, more care to one another,...)  Employment (job training, ability to get job,...)  Benefit from Village Association (VA) or Commune Level Federation (CLF)

11 Key SHG survey questions  SHG performance (frequency of meetings, attendance, saving, application for credit,...)  Characteristics of SHG members (men/women, poor/non- poor, occupations,...)  Satisfaction of being SHG member ...

12 Identification strategy Sam. 9 Sam. 7 Sam. 3 Sam. 10 Sam. 4 Sam. 1Sam. 5 Sam. 11 Sam. 8 Sam. 2Sam. 6 Sam. 12  12 out of 50 target communes randomly selected as sample  In each commune, half of villages randomly chosen as treatment & the rest half as control groups (about 100 villages totally)

13 Identification strategy  In each village, about 10 poor and 10 non-poor HHs randomly selected for survey -Treatment villages - Control villages

14 Sample  The total sample HHs are about 2,000 HHs (1,000 poor and 1,000 non-poor)  In each village, 2 SHGs randomly selected for baseline survey, and 2 additional SHGs for the follow up survey

15 Timeline  now - 15 Jul: design of questionnaires, question coding, format of data input, sample selection  15 Jul - 15 Sep: recruitment of M&E and MIS specialists  15 Sep – 30 Sep: training of enumerators and key relevant staffs, plus testing the baseline survey (questionnaires testing)  1 Oct: start the baseline survey and evaluation  1 Oct 2011: follow up survey

16 Impact evaluation team Gov’t team: Hay Younell, Top Neth, Mean Sambath, Nuon Sokhom, Lim Piseth Consulting teams: M&E and MIS Specialists (to be recruited) DIME: Radu Ban, Matthias Rieger

17 Estimated budget Budget for baseline survey (about 2,000 HHs):  Surveyors: 4 teams of 5 people = 20 people, working 30 USD25/day = USD 15,000 (LEAP)  Piloting and training 40 people, working 10 USD25/day = 10,000  4 cars * 30 USD100/day (including gas) = USD 12,000 (LEAP)  Data treatment: 5 people, working 30 USD 35/day = USD 5,250 (LEAP)  Field coordinator: 60 USD 200/day = USD 12,000 (DIME)  Economist(s): 30 USD 250/day = USD 7,500 (DIME)  Overheads and unexpected costs USD 10,000 (LEAP) Total :  USD 52,250 (LEAP)  USD 19,500 (DIME)  USD 71,750


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