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Disabilities and Special Education

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Presentation on theme: "Disabilities and Special Education"— Presentation transcript:

1 Disabilities and Special Education
Is it real or isn’t it?

2 Did you know there are over
Did you know there are over ??? million people in the world today with some type of disability? Think about that number for a minute-the population of the state of California is about 30 million people. The population of the United States would only equal one third the number of disabled people there are in the whole world! 750

3 Disabilities can be Visible or Invisible
Some disabilities are visible, such as a person in a wheelchair. Other disabilities are invisible, like an individual with a learning disability. Even though you cannot see a person’s disability does not mean they do not have one.

4 Round Table Discussion
Find a partner Have each person identify someone they know (without using names) out of the 750 million people that have a disability. Also please identify if it is a visible or invisible disability. 3/25/2017

5 Famous People with a Disability
Bill Gates Learning Disability, Dyslexia, ASD, ADHD Elvis Presley Diabetes, Migraines, Einstein ASD Ozzy Osbourne Dyslexia Axl Rose Bipolar Jim Carey Bipolar Elton John Epilepsy John Lennon Learning Disability 3/25/2017

6 Famous People with a Disability
Dan Aykroyd ASD Mark Twain ASD Thomas Jefferson ASD Beethoven ASD Thomas Edison ASD Mozart ASD Van Gogh ASD, ADHD 3/25/2017

7 Famous People with a Disability
Issac Newton ASD, ADHD Emily Dickinson ASD, ADHD Henry Ford ASD Ben Franklin ADHD Christopher Columbus ADHD Walt Disney ADHD Magic Johnson ADHD Babe Ruth ADHD Will Smith Learning Disability

8 Famous People with a Disability
Whoopi GolbergLearning Disability (Dyslexia) Tom Cruise Learning Disability (Dyslexia) Bruce Willis Speech (Stuttering) Tiger Woods Speech (Stuttering) Julia Roberts Speech (Stuttering) Catherine Zeta-Jones Bipolar Billy Joel Depression Brooke Shields Depression

9 Famous People with a Disability
J.K. Rowling Suicidal Depression Princess Diana Post-Partum Depression and Self-Mutilation 3/25/2017

10 Brief Overview-Special Education Law and Rule
People who are identified as a person with a disability may qualify for Special Education Services or 504 which fall under the American with Disabilities Act. 3/25/2017

11 PL (IDEA) (IDEA 2004) In 1976 Public Law was signed into law. The law guaranteed children with disabilities a free appropriate public education in the least restrictive environment. The law states that children with disabilities have a legal right to be in and participate in public education with children who are not disabled. 3/25/2017

12 PL-94-142 (IDEA) (IDEA 2004) Individuals with Disability Education Act
Prior to 1976 parents of children with disabilities: Kept their child at home Sent their child to an institution No hope, No help, No school in most states 3/25/2017

13 IDEA assures that……. All children with disabilities and their families have a civil right to access a Free and Appropriate Public Education in the Least Restrictive Environment. 3/25/2017

14 Minnesota Statutes 2002-Least Restrictive Environment
125A.08 School District obligations To the maximum extent appropriate, children with a disability are educated with children who are not disabled, and that special classes, separate schooling, or removal of children with a disability from the regular education environment occurs only when and to the extent that the nature or severity of the disability is such that education in regular classes with the use of supplementary services cannot be achieved satisfactorily. 3/25/2017

15 Concept of LRE Requires a pupil be educated with their general educated peers to the fullest extent possible based on their individual student needs. Each District is required to have a full array of services, ranging from full inclusion to the most restrictive residential placements. 3/25/2017

16 Placement Options Setting I Setting II Setting III Setting IV
Student needs resource room services for less than 21 percent of the school day. Setting II Student needs resource room services for percent of the school day. Setting III Student needs resource room for more than 61 percent of the school day. (Ex. Center base Programming) Setting IV Student needs greater than 50 percent of the school day in a separate Resource facility. (Ex. Bell Center) 3/25/2017

17 How does a student become eligible for special education?
Student must meet state criteria in one of the 13 categories of disabilities and be in need of special education. The lack of progress cannot be due to lack of instruction, language, or cultural differences. (Exclusionary Factors) 3/25/2017

18 What is the process? Prevention Interventions should take place
Pre-referral-Two documented interventions must be completed in regular education prior to referral Referral-Teacher completes referral checklist Student Study Meeting-Needs to include a multidisciplinary team Written parent permission to evaluate Evaluation-Must be completed within 30 school days Team meeting to go over results and complete criteria checklist Complete IEP if they qualify using criteria and they have a special education need. 3/25/2017

19 Possible Disability Areas
Speech/Language Impairment (SpL) Learning Disability (SLD) Emotional/Behavioral Disorder (E/BD) Other Health Disability (OHD) Developmental Cognitive Delayed: (DCD) Mild to Moderate Moderate to Severe Development Delayed (DD) up to the age of 6 yrs. 11 months 3/25/2017

20 Possible Disability Areas
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Deaf/Hard of Hearing (DHH) Physical Impairments (PI) Traumatic Brain Injured (TBI) Blind/Visual Impairments (VI) Deaf/Blind Severely Multiply Impaired (SMI)- Needs to meet two or more of the above 3/25/2017

21 Special Education Students currently identified

22 Required IEP Team Members
Case manager Teacher licensed in the disability area of the student Regular education teacher Parent Principal or District Representative Optional members-may include other special education service providers, outside agencies, etc. 3/25/2017

23 Legal Standards for IEP
Once special education services are obtained and an IEP (Individual Education Plan) is written it becomes a legal binding document. Must be provided in the LRE Must provide FAPE (Free Appropriate Public Education) Be reasonably calculated to benefit the child Must be reviewed annually to develop a new IEP Expires one year from the date of Implementation 3/25/2017

24 Implementation of the IEP
All staff are obligated under law to provide the special education services, accommodations, and modifications as described in the IEP. The parents are to receive progress reports on special education goals and objectives as often as parents on students without disabilities receive progress reports. (Ex. Report Card) 3/25/2017

25 Is having a disability real?
What do you think? (Activity) 3/25/2017

26 What does it feel like to have a disability (Students Perspective)?
Feelings about having ADHD as told by a young man with ADHD People seem to have more tolerance for disabilities they can see. They wouldn’t tell someone in a wheelchair that all she needs to do is stand up and walk. People are also tolerant of mental conditions. A person with mental retardation is not expected to do Algebra. 3/25/2017

27 Feelings Continued We also don’t tell someone with Alzheimer’s who is lost, confused, and scared that all he needs to do is look at a map. Then why are people with ADHD expected to be able to just sit down and focus? 3/25/2017

28 Feelings Continued ADHD is a disorder that most people just can’t comprehend. People can put themselves in the place of a person in a wheelchair, and everybody knows the feeling of being lost and scared. People don’t understand taking forty-five minutes just to get started on homework. 3/25/2017

29 Feelings Continued Most people with ADHD try really hard. Success is never taken for granted and is constantly strived for. People don’t understand the personal failure of a full day of trying to get something done and ending up with nothing. 3/25/2017

30 Feelings Continued A dripping faucet is a distraction to anyone. A person who does not have ADHD will get up and stop the dripping faucet, then return to their homework. A person with ADHD may go fix the faucet with every intention of going right back to the homework, but become distracted and not get back to work for an hour. Does this mean I am lazy or making bad choices? Is it real? 3/25/2017

31 What can we do? 3/25/2017

32 We can work together to educate a child on their journey in education

33 Special Education Students are like (Tommy) the little engine that could I think I can, I think I can General Education teachers are like the rails Who keep them on track heading in the right direction Special Ed staff and Admin. are like the railroad ties Who support the general education teachers and student Accommodations are like the spikes that hold things in place to make sure Tommy has a smooth ride. Modifications are like the switches in the track for an alternate route to graduation 3/25/2017

34 Derailment or Non-movement
Derailment or non-movement of the train happens when the students needs, accommodations/modifications and/or services are not met. 3/25/2017

35 It is my prayer that you will be an integral part of each child’s journey through education.
Be a collaborator, a team player, an advocate for each individual child Remember to ASK if you don’t understand how to best meet a child’s needs 3/25/2017

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