Presentation on theme: "Motivation THE TIMES 100. What is motivation? Motivation is concerned with the desire to do something or achieve a particular result. Motivated employees."— Presentation transcript:
Motivation THE TIMES 100
What is motivation? Motivation is concerned with the desire to do something or achieve a particular result. Motivated employees result in: Greater productivity Better quality products or service Lower staff turnover Reduced absenteeism
THE TIMES 100 Monetary methods of motivation Fringe benefits Examples include company cars and discount vouchers. May not encourage greater productivity but often build company loyalty. BonusesA payment usually related to the achievement of a target. Usually easier to apply to sales or production than the provision of a service. Profit share Employees are encouraged to work hard to ensure that the business is profitable, however, it is usually spread evenly between both hardworking and less hardworking staff.
THE TIMES 100 Monetary methods of motivation CommissionPayments are made in relation to the number or value of sales made. Encourages increased sales but may lead to heavy handed selling techniques. Piece ratePayments are made per item produced. Encourages productivity but sometimes at the expense of quality. OvertimeAdditional payment made for extra hours worked. Can provide greater flexibility to the workforce but may result in low productivity during normal working hours so employees can access overtime payments.
THE TIMES 100 Non-monetary methods of motivation Job rotationEmployees move between different jobs e.g. on a production line. Results in flexible, multi-skilled staff but ultimately workers may just be moving from one boring job to another. Job enlargement Workers are given a wider variety of different tasks to carry out although there is no increase in the level of responsibility. This is sometimes called horizontal loading. Job enrichment Giving employees the chance to fully utilise their abilities through, for example, providing a range of challenges, training workers and allowing them to demonstrate their skills.
THE TIMES 100 Non-monetary methods of motivation EmpowermentAllowing workers greater autonomy. They have greater freedom and power to control their own working lives. Team-workingInvolves organising workers into groups, setting team goals and awarding team rewards for achieving targets. Team-working fits with Mayos findings. ParticipationEmployees participate in organisational decision making through such things as quality circles and works councils.
THE TIMES 100 Motivational theorists It is useful to know 2 or 3 motivational theories from the following list: Maslows hierarchy of needs Taylors theory of scientific management Mayos theory of human relations Herzbergs two-factor theory
THE TIMES 100 Maslow Self actualisationSelf esteemSocialSafetyPhysiological Maslows Hierarchy of Needs The hierarchy starts with our basic physiological needs for survival. As each need is met, the next need up the hierarchy becomes the motivator. Workplaces can meet these needs e.g. pay provides the means to satisfy basic needs whereas training can provide for self-actualisation. One criticism of Maslows hierarchy is that workers may not seek to have all their needs met in the workplace.
THE TIMES 100 Mayo Mayos Theory of Human Relations Mayos experiments showed that: Teamwork is an important motivator. Managers should take an interest in their workers He suggested that physical conditions and pay matter less than social interaction when motivating employees
THE TIMES 100 Herzberg Motivators can motivate but a lack of motivators does not cause dissatisfaction Hygiene factors can cause dissatisfaction but cannot motivate Herzbergs Two-factor Theory Motivators are factors that can motivate workers by providing job satisfaction. Motivators are concerned with the job itself and include achievement, recognition and the responsibility Hygiene factors are external to the job itself and can only cause dissatisfaction if not fulfilled. Hygiene factors include company policy, supervision, pay and working conditions.
THE TIMES 100 Taylor Taylors Theory of Scientific Management Taylor suggested that workers are only motivated by pay. Scientific management also states that the most efficient way to carry out a task should be identified and then carried out – giving rise to production assembly lines. Taylor supported close supervision and pay schemes that reward those that produce more.
THE TIMES 100 Motivation in context
THE TIMES 100 Importance of motivation Why is a motivated workforce important for organisations like Tesco? Use the Tesco case study to help you
THE TIMES 100 Taylor and Tesco Taylor suggested that workers are only motivated by money. Which of the following, provided by Tesco, are considered to be financial rewards? Christmas vouchers Training Pension scheme Free shares after one years service Positive feedback
THE TIMES 100 Maslow and Tesco Use the Tesco case study to give examples of how Tesco can help fulfil the different needs in Maslows hierarchy.
THE TIMES 100 Herzberg and Tesco Use the Tesco case study to find examples of Herzbergs motivators that are provided by the organisation.
THE TIMES 100 Useful resources Motivation lesson suggestions and activities (The Times 100) Tesco case study (The Times 100) Tesco website