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© Boardworks Ltd 2005 1 of 19 These icons indicate that teacher’s notes or useful web addresses are available in the Notes Page. This icon indicates that the slide contains activities created in Flash. These activities are not editable. For more detailed instructions, see the Getting Started presentation. © Boardworks Ltd 2005 1 of 19 Product Design Control Components
© Boardworks Ltd 2005 2 of 19 Learning objectives © Boardworks Ltd 2005 2 of 19 Learning objectives To be able to identify common electronic and mechanical components. To understand the functions and uses of common electronic and mechanical components.
© Boardworks Ltd 2005 3 of 19 Any system depends on a number of components to make it work. In the majority of cases, these components are electronic or mechanical. In many systems, electronic components provide control over mechanical devices and they work in conjunction with each other to perform tasks, e.g. a production line. Components can also link into a system via a computer. In this case, components are plugged into an interface unit so that the PC can interpret the signals and use them in a program. What are control components?
© Boardworks Ltd 2005 4 of 19 Inputs, processes and outputs
© Boardworks Ltd 2005 5 of 19 Different types of control components
© Boardworks Ltd 2005 6 of 19 PICs are programmable ICs which can accept information from a range of input sensors. They are also able to process and store information in order to drive an output. The ‘processing’ part is usually worked out using a computer with specialist software; the whole program is then ‘burnt’ onto the chip so that it becomes a stand-alone chip, specifically programmed to work for a particular task. PIC chips can be used over and over again and will process both analogue and digital sensors. Programmable integrated circuits (PICS)
© Boardworks Ltd 2005 7 of 19 Mechanisms are concerned with movement and force in a system. Motion can also be converted from one form to another via different mechanisms. There are 4 types of motion: linear rotary reciprocating and oscillating. What are mechanisms?
© Boardworks Ltd 2005 8 of 19 Linear motion is the most basic of all the motions. If an object is moving in linear motion, it is travelling in a straight line. A good example of a object that moves in a linear motion is a train. What is linear motion?
© Boardworks Ltd 2005 9 of 19 Rotary motion moves in circles. Rotary motion is fairly common and can be found in a number of objects… …for example, in a wheel. What is rotary motion?
© Boardworks Ltd 2005 10 of 19 Reciprocating motion is the motion of an object when it moves backwards and forwards. An example of reciprocating motion is the action a person would make when using a hand bike pump. What is reciprocating motion?
© Boardworks Ltd 2005 11 of 19 Oscillating motion is a motion that is a cross between linear motion and reciprocating motion. It involves backwards and forwards motion, but in an arc rather than a straight line. Pendulums and metronomes move in an oscillating motion. What is oscillating motion?
© Boardworks Ltd 2005 12 of 19 Gears play a major role in mechanisms. They are discs with toothed edges, which rotate around a central axle. They come in a variety of sizes and are used to change the direction and speed of motion. However, the motion always remains rotary in nature. A worm gear can change the rotary motion by 90 degrees, as well as affecting the speed. What are gears?
© Boardworks Ltd 2005 13 of 19 Gears test
© Boardworks Ltd 2005 14 of 19 Levers are an essential part of many mechanisms. They can be used to change the strength and direction of movement. Levers magnify the strength of forces. The longer the lever, the more the force is magnified. The fixed point of a lever is known as the fulcrum. Two common examples of everyday levers are a pair of scissors and a seesaw. What are levers?
© Boardworks Ltd 2005 15 of 19 Levers test
© Boardworks Ltd 2005 16 of 19 Cams are used to convert rotary motion into reciprocating motion. The motion that is created can be simple and regular… …or complex and irregular. The cam follower follows the profile of the cam. The cam must be well designed to produce the motion required. Cam Cam follower What are cams?
© Boardworks Ltd 2005 17 of 19 PulleysPulleys are used to transfer motion. They work under rotary motion. Motion is passed along a pulley belt causing more pulleys to turn. The size of the pulley wheels determines the speed of motion – this can be altered accordingly. You can twist the belt, causing the rotary motion to change direction. Pulleys can also increase the strength of a force, and are useful for lifting heavy objects. What are pulleys?
© Boardworks Ltd 2005 18 of 19 Pulleys test
© Boardworks Ltd 2005 19 of 19 Key points © Boardworks Ltd 2005 19 of 19 Key points LDRs are sensitive to light. Thermistors are sensitive to heat. A solenoid converts electromagnetic energy into reciprocating movement. LEDs are used for visual signals. They only use small amounts of current and so a resistor is placed in series with the LED to protect it. PIC chips store information about inputs and outputs and can be re-used. They accept both digital and analogue signals. Mechanisms are concerned with movement. A lever provides mechanical advantage.
© Boardworks Ltd of 8 These icons indicate that teacher’s notes or useful web addresses are available in the Notes Page. This icon indicates that.
© Boardworks Ltd of 30 These icons indicate that teacher’s notes or useful web addresses are available in the Notes Page. This icon indicates that.
Linear Motion Linear motion is the most basic of all motions. Uninterrupted objects will continue to move in a straight line indefinitely. Under every.
Irregular Motion Irregular motion is motion which has no obvious pattern to its movement. It is often needed in automata to recreate the movements of living.
Putting It In Motion. Complete Student Log Book: Pages 2 and 3.
Pulleys 1 Pulleys 2 Rotary cams 1Gears 2 Gear trains Exit Pulleys are used to transfer rotating motion, via a belt If the belt is crossed, then the driven.
© Boardworks Ltd of 9 Processing. © Boardworks Ltd of 9 Teacher’s notes included in the Notes Page Flash activity. These activities are.
Mechanisms. 1 Linear motion means? 1. Rotary- - going round in a circle. 2. Motion in a straight line. 3. Moving up and down. 4. Swinging back and forth.
© Boardworks Ltd of 5 © Boardworks Ltd of 5 Product Design CAD/CAM These icons indicate that teacher’s notes or useful web addresses are.
Mechanisms. What is a Mechanism? In a machine - one part causing another to move Used to transfer or change speed, torque, force, type of motion and /
What is a Mechanism? Two pieces of a machine where motion of one part causes the other part to move.
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Simple Machines. What is a Simple Machine? A simple machine is a device that helps to accomplish a task by redirecting or alleviating some of the work.
Mechanisms. What is a Mechanism? A mechanism is the part of a machine which contains two or more pieces arranged so that the motion of one compels the.
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1.2 Complex Machine- A Mechanical Team. Background on complex machines As time passed, people began living in larger communities. They need to find ways.
Intermittent Motion Intermittent motion is motion which starts and stops regularly. For example, in a cinema projector the film needs to be moved on one.
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Mechanical systems – what you need to know Analyse and design simple mechanical systems of the type used for pop-up cards and interactive pages in educational.
Understanding Simple Machines Assembled by Craig TillmannCraig Tillmann from the following web sites: n Inventors Toolbox: The Elements of MachinesInventors.
SIMPLE MACHINES Give me a lever long enough, and a fulcrum on which to place it, and I will move the world. Aristotle.
All mechanisms have some things in common: They involve some kind of motion. They involve some kind of force. They make a job easier to do. They.
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Mechanisms and Movement. What is a Mechanism? A mechanism takes an input motion or force and creates a desired output motion or force – –Simple machines.
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Moving Toys This term we are going to focus on one particular mechanism......cams.
The Elements of Machines. Simple Machines These devices were all in common use for centuries before Leonardo's time. Each one makes work easier to do.
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What Are Gears? What Do They Do?. 1. What is a gear? 2. List as many examples as you can of gears or objects that use gears. 2 Pre-Lesson Quiz.
Cam and Follower Cam Follower The cam and follower is a device which can convert rotary motion (circular motion) into linear motion (movement in a straight.
Reciprocating Motion Reciprocating motion is back and forth motion. In the example to the left the reciprocating motion of the piston is converted to the.
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Let´s Move It. What are they? A mechanism is simply a device which takes an input of motion or force and outputs a different motion or force. The point.
August 2008 Understanding Simple Machines Assembled by Craig TillmannCraig Tillmann from the following web sites: Inventors Toolbox: The Elements of MachinesInventors.
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Jump to first page Understanding Simple Machines Assembled by Craig TillmannCraig Tillmann from the following web sites: n Inventors Toolbox: The Elements.
Mechanisms © 2011 Project Lead The Way, Inc.Automation and Robotics FT.
© Boardworks Ltd of 29 © Boardworks Ltd of 29 Product Design CAD/CAM These icons indicate that teachers notes or useful web addresses are.
Agenda: Extra Credit: Make a pic collage, pic grid, photo grid, etc showing me using at least 5 simple machines and post it on Edmodo! Do this: On page.
Unit D: Mechanical Systems What is a Simple Machine? A simple machine has few or no moving parts. Simple machines make work easier 2.
Chapter Nine: Simple Machines 9.1 Types of Simple Machines 9.2 Mechanical Advantage 9.3 Levers in the Human Body.
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