Presentation on theme: "Digital Kultur Køn. I dag Link to identitet (representation, RL-VL) and ideology/power Wajcman, Judy. Feminism Confronts Technology Cyberfeminism Haraway´s."— Presentation transcript:
I dag Link to identitet (representation, RL-VL) and ideology/power Wajcman, Judy. Feminism Confronts Technology Cyberfeminism Haraway´s cyborg Schaap + O´Brian
gender in digital culture IT yet another area where women are excluded Lack of access to technology and machine skill: ineptitude Cyberspace as unsafe place Representation questions Difference between “online feminism” (furthers RL) and “online cyberfeminism” (engages with technology itself, nerd/geeks, grrrrrls, replicunts, viral readings) i.e. Plant intro MAIN QUESTION : Can cyberspace create a new space for rewiring the gender- technology relationship?
Eniac computer The world's first electronic digital computer was developed by Army Ordnance to compute World War II ballistic firing tables. (1947)
The Matrix I NEO- I thought you were a guy TRINITY- Most guys do
feminist STS Debate on Science (older, more developed) / Debate on Technology (first steps) Evolution: 1.Discovering hidden women 2.Why women haven’t accessed those fields 3.How to gain access (neutral view) 4.Questioning S or T 5.Is a feminist S or T possible? Wajcman
feminist STS Scientific knowledge as patriarcal knowledge The woman and nature discourse What are “feminist” values? What is “nature”? If women were in control, what would happen to technology? Not only production of technology interesting, also use, consumption, etc. Wajcman A QUESTION : What is it like being a girl at ITU?
cyberfeminism “ As a concept, it covers feminist simulations of technology, most literally through debates about power, identity and autonomy and the role of new technologies in the transformation of these characteristics. It thus considers the role of women in new technological industries such as the World Wide Web and the Internet.” (Kennedy, 285)
background: cyberfeminism Unified, essentialist identity (Enlightment) is problematized (Hall) “The invention of homosexuality”, an identity that came into being at a particular time (Foucault) Discourse not only describes but also defines (Foucault) Cyborg Manifesto. Vs binary thinking and epistemology: animal/human, organism/machine, idealism/materialism. Tecnology fundamental. (Haraway)
some cyberfeminist theorists Sadie Plant- Similarities between CMC and female consciousness (webs of difference), transcendent female subjectivity Claudia Springer- cyberfeminism is not liberatory, hardwired/phallic women don’t change culture. Rejected love = violence Nina Wakeford- Internet as playful, free space, renegotiate identity, performance, no male technophobia
Problems of cyberfeminism Too often techno-female representations reinstate stereotypical genderings (Springer) Virtual environments and gender bending, steterotypical role models Distance from RL identity seen as dishonest: “Julie” (Stone)
Gender Turing test I AM- M / F (male /female) I POSE AS- M / F (male /female) - What do you do when you are really angry?
haraway ”Haraway summoned the cyborg as a boundary blurring trickster figure, working to undermine the dualisms which have hitherto structured how we think and live. Aware of the cyborg´s implication in what she calls the informatics of domination, and equally mindful of the trap of totalization which had arguably dead- ended feminist theory and politics at the time, she draws on an unlikely grab-bag of resources in an attempt to think the cyborg otherwise, as a figure of irony but also of hope”. (Bell, 109)
Tekst-guides Læg mærk til hvordan masculinitet eller feminitet er representerede af de forskellige avatarer. Er køn overhovedet vigtigt i det interaktion i SL? Schaap + O´Riordan
Til næste uge lÆS –Green, Nicola, 2006. “On the Move: Technology, Mobility, and the Mediation of Social Time & Space”. –Caronia, Letiza & Caron, Andre H. 2004. “Constructing a Specific Culture: Young People’s Use of the Mobile Phone as a Social Performance”. Tænk på jeres forhold til jeres mobil telefoner. Hvordan ville jeres liv være anderledes hvis I pludselig ikke havde den længere?
bibliography BUTLER, J. 1990. Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. New York: Routledge. PLANT, Sadie. 2000. “ On the matrix: cyberfeminist simulations ”. In Bell, David / Kennedy M. Barbara. The Cybercultures Reader. London: Routledge. SPRINGER, C. 1996. Electronic Eros: bodies and desire in the postindustrial age. London: Athlone. SPRINGER, C. 2000. “ Digital Rage ”. In Bell, David / Kennedy M. Barbara. The Cybercultures Reader. London: Routledge. STONE, A.R. 1995. The War of Desire and Technology at the Close of the Mechanical Age. Cambridge MA: MIT Press. WAJCMAN, Judy. 1991. Feminism Confronts Technology. Pennsylvania: Penn State University Press. WAKEFORD, N. 2000. “ Networking women and grrrls with information / communication technology: surfing tales of the www ”. In Bell, David / Kennedy M. Barbara. The Cybercultures Reader. London: Routledge.