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FROM CHAOS TO RECONSTRUCTION TRYING TO REVIVE THE EMPIRE 284-337 AD.

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Presentation on theme: "FROM CHAOS TO RECONSTRUCTION TRYING TO REVIVE THE EMPIRE 284-337 AD."— Presentation transcript:

1 FROM CHAOS TO RECONSTRUCTION TRYING TO REVIVE THE EMPIRE AD

2 FROM UPHEAVAL TO STABILITY POST 5 GOOD EMPERORS RULERS ABLE BUT AMBITIOUS MILITARY RULERS & LAW YIELDED TO THE SWORD WHAT KEPT EMPIRE INTACT WAS INSTITUTIONS: CIVIL SERVICE, PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENTS, ARMY 20 EMPERORS IN 49 YEARS – LACK OF CONTINUITY AT TIMES PARTS OF EMPIRE DOMINATED BY GENERALS AGE OF BARRACKS EMPERORS – ALL MILITARY FREE FOR ALL FOR BARBARIAN INVASIONS RISE OF DIOCLETIAN BRINGS SEMBLANCE OF ORDER 284

3 DIOCLETIAN & HIS PALACE AT NICOMEDIA

4 FROM PRINCEPS TO DOMINUS ENDS LONG PERIOD OF STRIFE RECONSTRUCTS EMPIRE RESTORED ROME TO PEACE & SECURITY ABSOLUTE AUTOCRAT EASTERN MONARCH THE ELECT OF GOD DIVINE FAVOR INFLUENCE OF EAST & ALL THE IMPERIAL TRAPPINGS OF COURT

5 GETTING A HANDLE ON THE EMPIRE TOO LARGE FOR ONE MAN – SPLIT IN 1/2 WESTERN & EASTERN ROMAN EMPIRE DIOCLETION EAST – AUGUSTUS WEST 2 ADMINISTRATORS – CAESARS TETRARCHY – RULE OF 4 BUT DIOCLETIAN CLEARLY SENIOR DIVISION OF EAST & WEST STILL FURTHER INTO SMALL DIOCESES & FURTHER INTO SMALLER PROVINCES UNITY OF TETRARCHS WITH HANDS ON SHOULDERS BUT OTHER HAND ON THE SWORD CORNER OF ST. MARKS CATHEDRAL VENICE

6 REPAIRING THE ECONOMY CURB INFLATION- FIXED MAX. PRICES & WAGES – 1 ST TIME EVER PAYMENT OF TAXES IN GOODS & STRESS ON TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM DECLINE OF CITIES, TRADE, COMMERCE MINES EXHAUSTED, MERCHANTS LEFT RUINED AREAS & BROUGHT THEIR SKILLS & COMMERCE W/ THEM COUNTRYSIDE CANT FEED CITY PEOPLE LOCKED INTO JOBS

7 THE REIGN OF CONSTANTINE AD

8 RESTORATION OF THE EMPIRE SPLIT BETWEEN EAST AND WESTERN EMPIRES PERMANENT SON OF 1 TETRARCH – SUCCESSION NOT PEACEFUL VICTORY AT MILVIAN BRIDGE 312 GAVE HIM CONTROL OF WEST EDICT OF MILAN 313 MADE CHRISTIANITY LEGAL IN EMPIRE, CONVERTS ON HIS DEATH BED

9 ARCH OF CONSTANTINE - GIFT FROM SENATE COMMEMORATES VICTORY OVER MAXENTIUS IN 312 SCENES FROM VICTORIES OF M. AURELIUS & TRAJAN PIECES TAKEN FROM A MONUMENT TO HADRIAN

10 A NEW CAPITAL - BYZANTIUM EASILY DEFENDED GEOGRAPHICALLY STRATEGIC FREE FROM ROMAN TRADITIONS DEDICATED 330 AD BYZANTIUM RENAMED CONSTANTINOPLE AT HIS DEATH NEW ERA UNTIL 1453


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