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First Generation College Students at CSU November, 2013.

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Presentation on theme: "First Generation College Students at CSU November, 2013."— Presentation transcript:

1 First Generation College Students at CSU November, 2013


3 First Generation Students More likely to – Be less academically prepared for college – Have less knowledge of how to apply for college and for financial assistance – Have more difficulty in acclimating themselves to college once they enroll More at risk for not completing a degree because they are more likely to – Delay enrollment after high school – Enroll in postsecondary education part-time – Work full-time while enrolled Tym, et al. (2004)

4 First Generation Students Characteristics (Choy, 2001; Nunez and Cuccaro-Alamin, 1998) – Older – Lower income – Part-time – Live off-campus or with relatives – Not be in a bachelor’s degree program – Delay enrollment after high school – Receive aid – Work full-time Less likely to take loans (Schmidt, 2003) Disconnect between home and school cultures limits the effects of classroom learning as underserved students see few connections to their world. (Pell Institute, 2004)

5 Likelihood of Enrollment Likelihood of enrolling in any postsecondary institution, accounting for other factors: – 59% if parents had not gone to college – 79% if parents had at least some college – 93% among those where at least one parent had degree

6 Proportions of First Generation Students by Institutional Type

7 Representation at For-Profit Institutions

8 Retention and Completion by First Generation Students at Four-Year Institutions Twice as likely to drop out (four-year institutions) before the second year (Choy, 2001) 1/3 as likely to earn a bachelors degree by age 24 (Mortensen)


10 Trend in First Generation Student Enrollment More than 1 in 4 students is first generation

11 First Generation Students by College University average = 26.1%

12 Graduation Rate Gap Average gap (10 years): 9.6 percentage points Most recent cohort (FA07): 10.7 percentage points

13 VARIABLESModel1Model2Model3Model4Model5Model6 Residency (CO)1.302***1.307***1.309***1.356***1.394***1.410*** (0.047) (0.048)(0.049) Asian Pacific 0.882*0.877*0.8960.9270.949 (0.127)(0.128)(0.130) (0.131) African American 0.645***0.651***0.9010.9541.020 (0.160) (0.163)(0.164)(0.165) Hispanic 0.729***0.724***0.822***0.897**0.921* (0.074)(0.075)(0.076)(0.077)(0.078) Multi-Racial0.8020.7970.8210.8420.868 (0.138) (0.141)(0.142) Native American 0.6440.6400.7290.7680.799 (0.291) (0.296) (0.298) Gender (female) 1.188***1.124***1.141***1.147*** (0.039)(0.040) CCHE Index 1.040***1.039*** (0.002) First Generation 0.701***0.729*** (0.044)(0.045) Pell Recipient 0.789*** (0.058) Constant1.433***1.484***1.349***0.017***0.019*** (0.042) (0.048)(0.228)(0.230) Observations11645 Model Chi231.159059.776079.497485.675550.366567.016 dfModel1678910 McFadden R20.00370.00700.00930.05600.06330.0651 Logistic Regression Analysis, Six-Year Graduation (IR, 2012) “First Generation” characteristic has a powerful association with lower odds of graduation success, even after controlling for other relevant factors (odds of six-year graduation are.729 as great as the odds for non-first generation students)

14 Controlling for other factors, students who are first generation stand about a 67% likelihood of degree completion as compared to a 73% chance for students who are not first generation, a difference of six percentage points. (Difference significant at the p=.01 level) Institutional Research, 2103

15 Association of First Gen Status with Other Characteristics


17 The Power of Language Inventing the term “first generation” in the TRIO community, 1980 “Clueless?” Or “Pioneer?” The power of acknowledgement (“honorary,” not patronizing) First Generation students as assets: motivated, thoughtful, receptive


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