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ACT lets the student decide what set of scores they want sent to colleges. The SAT sends scores of every testing attempt. The ACT has up to 5 components:

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Presentation on theme: "ACT lets the student decide what set of scores they want sent to colleges. The SAT sends scores of every testing attempt. The ACT has up to 5 components:"— Presentation transcript:

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2 ACT lets the student decide what set of scores they want sent to colleges. The SAT sends scores of every testing attempt. The ACT has up to 5 components: English, Mathematics, Reading, Science, and an optional Writing Test. The SAT has 3 components: Verbal, Mathematics, and a required Writing Test. Some students take the ACT and/or SAT as middle schoolers for practice or as part of the Midwest Talent Search. You may guess on the ACT because any answer is better than no answer, but wrong answers mean point deductions on the SAT, so don't make wild guesses! Prepping for the ACT or SAT could/should include websites, prep classes like this, books, taking higher level classes in school, and READ--READ--READ!

3 A national college admission examination that consists of tests in: English, Mathematics, Reading, Science (and an optional Writing Test) ACT results are accepted by virtually all U.S. colleges and universities. The ACT includes 215 multiple-choice questions and takes approximately 3 hours and 30 minutes to complete with breaks. The actual testing time is 2 hours and 55 minutes (plus 30 minutes if you are taking the Writing Test). In the Commonwealth of Kentucky, the ACT test is administered to all Juniors on March 6, Since this is a requirement, there is no fee for taking this test. Not having to pay the $34 is nice, but all students should consider taking the test at least one additional time in order to have multiple chances to get their highest possible score. The ACT offers an optional Writing Test. You should check directly with the institutions you are considering to find out their requirements.

4 The registration fee is $34.00 for the ACT with no Writing Test. The registration fee is $49.50 for the ACT plus the Writing Test. These fees include score reports for you, your high school and up to four college choices for which a valid code is listed at time of registration. If you can t afford the registration fee, go to the following website to apply for a fee waiver:

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6 ACT research shows that of the students who took the ACT more than once: 55% increased their composite score on the retest 22% had no change in their composite score on the retest 23% decreased their composite score on the retest If you take the test more than once, you can choose which test score you want sent to colleges. The following link can help you to determine how to send the scores from one testing date to the colleges of your choice: once.html once.html

7 Six elements of effective writing are included in the English Test: punctuation, grammar and usage, sentence structure, strategy, organization, and style. The questions covering punctuation, grammar, and sentence structure make up the Usage/Mechanics subscore. The questions covering strategy, organization, and style make up the Rhetorical Skills subscore. General Tips Be aware of the writing style used in each passage. Consider the elements of writing that are included in each underlined part of the passage. Some questions will ask you to base your decision on some specific element of writing, such as the tone or emphasis the text should convey. Be aware of questions with no underlined portionsthat means you will be asked about a section of the passage or about the passage as a whole. Examine each answer choice and determine how it differs from the others. Many of the questions in the test will involve more than one aspect of writing. Read and consider all of the answer choices before you choose the one that best responds to the question. Determine the best answer. Reread the sentence, using your selected answer.

8 Usage/Mechanics Punctuation (13%): Questions in this category test your knowledge of the conventions of internal and end-of-sentence punctuation, with emphasis on the relationship of punctuation to meaning (for example, avoiding ambiguity, indicating appositives). Grammar and Usage (16%): Questions in this category test your understanding of agreement between subject and verb, between pronoun and antecedent, and between modifiers and the word modified; verb formation; pronoun case; formation of comparative and superlative adjectives and adverbs; and idiomatic usage. Sentence Structure (24%): Questions in this category test your understanding of relationships between and among clauses, placement of modifiers, and shifts in construction.

9 Rhetorical Skills Strategy (16%): Questions in this category test how well you develop a given topic by choosing expressions appropriate to an essay's audience and purpose; judging the effect of adding, revising, or deleting supporting material; and judging the relevance of statements in context. Organization (15%): Questions in this category test how well you organize ideas and choose effective opening, transitional, and closing sentences. Style (16%): Questions in this category test how well you select precise and appropriate words and images, maintain the level of style and tone in an essay, manage sentence elements for rhetorical effectiveness, and avoid ambiguous pronoun references, wordiness, and redundancy.

10 Go to the following site to find ACT sample English test questions: html html

11 The ACT Mathematics Test is a 60-question, 60-minute test designed to measure the mathematical skills students have typically acquired in courses taken by the end of 11th grade. In the Mathematics Test, three subscores are based on six content areas: pre-algebra, elementary algebra, intermediate algebra, coordinate geometry, plane geometry, and trigonometry. The test presents multiple-choice questions that require you to use reasoning skills to solve practical problems in mathematics. You need knowledge of basic formulas and computational skills to answer the problems, but you aren't required to know complex formulas and perform extensive computation. You may use any four-function, scientific, or graphing calculator, unless it has features described in the Prohibited Calculators list. For models on the Calculators Permitted with Modification list, you will be required to modify some of the calculator's features. These types of calculators are permitted, but only after they are modified as noted: calculators with paper tapeRemove the tape. calculators that make noiseTurn off the sound. calculators that can communicate wirelessly with other calculatorsCompletely cover the infrared data port with heavy opaque material, such as duct tape or electrician's tape (includes Hewlett-Packard hp- 38G series and hp-48G) calculators that have power cordsRemove all power/electrical cords.

12 Pre-Algebra (23%): Questions in this content area are based on basic operations using whole numbers, decimals, fractions, and integers; place value; square roots and approximations; the concept of exponents; scientific notation; factors; ratio, proportion, and percent; linear equations in one variable; absolute value and ordering numbers by value; elementary counting techniques and simple probability; data collection, representation, and interpretation; and understanding simple descriptive statistics. Elementary Algebra (17%): Questions in this content area are based on properties of exponents and square roots, evaluation of algebraic expressions through substitution, using variables to express functional relationships, understanding algebraic operations, and the solution of quadratic equations by factoring.

13 Intermediate Algebra (15%): Questions in this content area are based on an understanding of the quadratic formula, rational and radical expressions, absolute value equations and inequalities, sequences and patterns, systems of equations, quadratic inequalities, functions, modeling, matrices, roots of polynomials, and complex numbers. Coordinate Geometry (15%): Questions in this content area are based on graphing and the relations between equations and graphs, including points, lines, polynomials, circles, and other curves; graphing inequalities; slope; parallel and perpendicular lines; distance; midpoints; and conics.

14 Plane Geometry (23%): Questions in this content area are based on the properties and relations of plane figures, including angles and relations among perpendicular and parallel lines; properties of circles, triangles, rectangles, parallelograms, and trapezoids; transformations; the concept of proof and proof techniques; volume; and applications of geometry to three dimensions. Trigonometry (7%): Questions in this content area are based on understanding trigonometric relations in right triangles; values and properties of trigonometric functions; graphing trigonometric functions; modeling using trigonometric functions; use of trigonometric identities; and solving trigonometric equations.

15 Click on the following link to access sample math questions: html

16 The Reading Test is a 40-question, 35-minute test that measures your reading comprehension. You're asked to read four passages and answer questions that show your understanding of: what is directly stated statements with implied meanings The Reading Test is based on four types of reading selections: social studies, natural sciences, prose fiction, and humanities. The Social Studies/Sciences subscore is based on the questions in the social studies and the natural sciences sections of the test, and the Arts/Literature subscore is based on the questions in the prose fiction and humanities sections of the test. Social Studies Natural Sciences Prose Fiction Humanities

17 Social Studies (25%): Questions in this category are based on passages in the content areas of anthropology, archaeology, biography, business, economics, education, geography, history, political science, psychology, and sociology. Natural Sciences (25%): Questions in this category are based on passages in the content areas of anatomy, astronomy, biology, botany, chemistry, ecology, geology, medicine, meteorology, microbiology, natural history, physiology, physics, technology, and zoology. Prose Fiction (25%): Questions in this category are based on intact short stories or excerpts from short stories or novels. Humanities (25%): Questions in this category are based on passages from memoirs and personal essays and in the content areas of architecture, art, dance, ethics, film, language, literary criticism, music, philosophy, radio, television, and theater.

18 Specifically, questions will ask you to use referring and reasoning skills to: determine main ideas locate and interpret significant details understand sequences of events make comparisons comprehend cause-effect relationships determine the meaning of context-dependent words, phrases… draw generalizations analyze the author's or narrator's voice and method The test comprises four prose passages that are representative of the level and kinds of reading required in first- year college courses; passages on topics in social studies, natural sciences, fiction, and the humanities are included. For sample reading test questions, go to the following link:

19 The Science Test is a 40-question, 35-minute test that measures the skills required in the natural sciences: interpretation, analysis, evaluation, reasoning, and problem solving. Calculators may not be used on the Science Test. The test assumes that students are in the process of taking the core science course of study (three years or more) that will prepare them for college-level work and have completed a course in Earth science and/or physical science and a course in biology. The test presents seven sets of scientific information, each followed by a number of multiple- choice test questions. The scientific information is presented in one of three different formats: data representation (graphs, tables, and other schematic forms) research summaries (descriptions of one or more related experiments) conflicting viewpoints (expressions of several related hypotheses or views that are inconsistent with one another) The questions require you to: recognize and understand the basic features of, and concepts related to, the provided information examine critically the relationship between the information provided and the conclusions drawn or hypotheses developed generalize from given information and draw conclusions, gain new information, or make predictions

20 The questions require you to: recognize and understand the basic features of, and concepts related to, the provided information examine critically the relationship between the information provided and the conclusions drawn or hypotheses developed generalize from given information and draw conclusions, gain new information, or make predictions To view sample science questions, go to the following link:

21 The content of the Science Test includes biology, chemistry, physics, and the Earth/space sciences (for example, geology, astronomy, and meteorology). Advanced knowledge in these subjects is not required, but background knowledge acquired in general, introductory science courses is needed to answer some of the questions. The test emphasizes scientific reasoning skills over recall of scientific content, skill in mathematics, or reading ability. The scientific information is conveyed in one of three different formats: Data Representation (38%): This format presents graphic and tabular material similar to that found in science journals and texts. The questions associated with this format measure skills such as graph reading, interpretation of scatterplots, and interpretation of information presented in tables, diagrams, and figures. Research Summaries (45%): This format provides descriptions of one or more related experiments. The questions focus on the design of experiments and the interpretation of experimental results. Conflicting Viewpoints (17%): This format presents expressions of several hypotheses or views that, being based on differing premises or on incomplete data, are inconsistent with one another. The questions focus on the understanding, analysis, and comparison of alternative viewpoints or hypotheses.

22 The scientific information is conveyed in one of three different formats: Data Representation (38%): This format presents graphic and tabular material similar to that found in science journals and texts. The questions associated with this format measure skills such as graph reading, interpretation of scatterplots, and interpretation of information presented in tables, diagrams, and figures. Research Summaries (45%): This format provides descriptions of one or more related experiments. The questions focus on the design of experiments and the interpretation of experimental results. Conflicting Viewpoints (17%): This format presents expressions of several hypotheses or views that, being based on differing premises or on incomplete data, are inconsistent with one another. The questions focus on the understanding, analysis, and comparison of alternative viewpoints or hypotheses.

23 The Writing Test is a 30-minute essay test that measures your writing skillsspecifically those writing skills emphasized in high school English classes and in entry-level college composition courses. The test consists of one writing prompt that will define an issue and describe two points of view on that issue. You are asked to respond to a question about your position on the issue described in the writing prompt. In doing so, you may adopt one or the other of the perspectives described in the prompt, or you may present a different point of view on the issue. Your score will not be affected by the point of view you take on the issue.

24 Carefully read the instructions on the cover of the test booklet. Do some planning before writing the essayYou will be instructed to do your prewriting in your Writing Test booklet. You can refer to these notes as you write the essay on the lined pages in your answer folder. Do not skip lines. Carefully consider the prompt and make sure you understand itreread it if you aren't sure. Decide how you want to answer the question in the prompt. Then jot down your ideas on the topic: this might simply be a list of ideas, reasons, and examples that you will use to explain your point of view on the issue. Write down what you think others might say in opposition to your point of view and think about how you would refute their arguments. Think of how best to organize the ideas in your essay. At the beginning of your essay, make sure readers will see that you understand the issue.

25 Explain your point of view in a clear and logical way. If possible, discuss the issue in a broader context or evaluate the implications or complications of the issue. Address what others might say to refute your point of view and present a counterargument. Use specific examples. Vary the structure of your sentences, and use varied and precise word choices. Make logical relationships clear by using transitional words and phrases. Do not wander off the topic. End with a strong conclusion that summarizes or reinforces your position. If there is time, do a final check of the essay when it is finished. Correct any mistakes in grammar, usage, punctuation, and spelling. If you find any words that are hard to read, recopy them so your readers can read them easily. Make any corrections and revisions neatly, between the lines (but not in the margins).

26 Educators debate extending high school to five years because of increasing demands on students from employers and colleges to participate in extracurricular activities and community service in addition to having high grades. Some educators support extending high school to five years because they think students need more time to achieve all that is expected of them. Other educators do not support extending high school to five years because they think students would lose interest in school and attendance would drop in the fifth year. In your opinion, should high school be extended to five years? In your essay, take a position on this question. You may write about either one of the two points of view given, or you may present a different point of view on this question. Use specific reasons and examples to support your position. USE COUNTER ARGUMENTS! Check out sample answers and their scores at the following address:

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28 (You can enroll at this site and receive resources and preparation online for FREE!) (You can register for FREE online ACT/SAT preparation courses.) (You must pay for this site.)

29 Each section of the SAT is scored on a scale of , with two writing subscores for multiple- choice and the essay. The SAT includes a Critical Reading, Math, and Writing section, with a specific number of questions related to content.Critical ReadingMath Writing The fee is $43 for the SAT Reasoning Test. Subject area tests cost between $8 and $20 for each additional test.

30 WRITING SECTION Length: 60 minutesScore: Content: Grammar, Usage, Word Choice Item Types: Multiple-Choice Questions (35 minutes); Student-Written Essay (25 minutes) The SHORT ESSAY measures your ability to: Organize and express ideas clearly Develop and support the main idea Use appropriate word choice and sentence structure You will be asked to develop a point of view on an issue, using reasoning and evidence, based on your own experiences, readings, or observations, to support your ideas. The essay will be scored by trained high school and college teachers. Each reader will give the essay a score from ONE to SIX (SIX is the highest score) based on the overall quality of the essay and your demonstration of writing competence. The MULTIPLE-CHOICE writing questions measure your ability to: Improve sentences and paragraphs Identify errors (such as diction, grammar, sentence construction, subject-verb agreement, proper word usage and wordiness)

31 CRITICAL READING SECTION Length: 70 minutes (Two 25-minute sections, one 20-minute section)Score: Content: Critical reading and sentence-level reading Item Types: Reading Comprehension, Sentence Completions, and Paragraph-Length Critical Reading The Critical Reading Section includes short reading passages along with the existing long reading passages. Analogies have been eliminated, but sentence-completion questions and passage-based reading questions remain. Sentence Completion questions measure your: knowledge of the meanings of words ability to understand how the different parts of a sentence fit logically together The reading questions on the SAT measure a student's ability to read and think carefully about several different passages ranging in length from about 100 to about 850 words. Passages are taken from a variety of fields, including the humanities, social studies, natural sciences, and literary fiction. They vary in style and can include narrative, argumentative, and expository elements. Some selections consist of a pair of related passages on a shared issue or theme that you are asked to compare and contrast. Such material can be followed by two to five questions that measure the same kinds of reading skills as are measured by the questions following longer passages. The following kinds of questions may be asked about a passage: Vocabulary in Context: These questions ask you to determine the meanings of words from their context in the reading passage. Literal Comprehension: These questions assess your understanding of significant information directly stated in the passage. Extended Reasoning: These questions measure your ability to synthesize and analyze information as well as to evaluate the assumptions made and the techniques used by the author. Most of the reading questions fall into this category. You may be asked to identify cause and effect, make inferences, recognize a main idea or an author's tone, and follow the logic of an analogy or an argument.

32 The passage below is followed by a question based on its content; questions following a pair of related passages may also be based on the relationship between the paired passages. Answer the questions on the basis of what is stated or implied in the passages and in any introductory material that may be provided. The question below is based on the following passage. "The rock was still wet. The animal was glistening, like it was still swimming," recalls Hou Xianguang. Hou discovered the Line 5unusual fossil while surveying rocks as a paleontology graduate student in 1984, near the Chinese town of Chengjiang. "My teachers always talked about the Burgess Shale Line 10animals. It looked like one of them. My hands began to shake." Hou had indeed found a Naraoia like those from Canada. However, Hou's animal was 15 million years Line 15older than its Canadian relatives. 1. In line 5, "surveying" most nearly means (A) calculating the value of (B) examining comprehensively (C) determining the boundaries of (D) polling randomly (E) conducting a statistical study of Explanation The word "surveying" has a number of meanings, several of which are included in the choices above. In the context of this passage, however, only (B) makes sense. A student in the field of "paleontology" is one who studies prehistoric life as recorded in fossil remains. One of the activities of such a student would be to examine rocks carefully and "comprehensively" while looking for fossils. (A), (C), and (E) are incorrect because someone who studies fossils would not calculate the "value" of rocks, or determine the "boundaries" of rocks, or conduct a "statistical study" of rocks. (D) is wrong because "polling" rocks makes no sense at all. Correct answer: (B) Check out more questions online: sat/prep_one/passage_based/pracStart.html sat/prep_one/passage_based/pracStart.html

33 MATHEMATICS SECTION Length: 70 minutes (Two 25-minute sections, one 20-minute section)Score: Content: Number and operations; algebra and functions; geometry; statistics, probability, and data analysis Item Types: Five-choice multiple-choice questions and student-produced responses Strategy: For math questions without answer choices (grid answers), fill in your best guess; no points are subtracted for wrong answers as they are in all other question types. The SAT includes expanded math topics, such as exponential growth, absolute value, and functional notation, and place greater emphasis on such other topics as linear functions, manipulations with exponents, and properties of tangent lines. Important skills formerly measured in the quantitative comparison format, such as estimation and number sense, will continue to be measured through the multiple choice and student response (grid-in) questions. Can I use a calculator? Yes. Students can continue to use a four-function, scientific, or graphing calculator. The College Board recommends that students use a calculator at least at the scientific level for the SAT, although it's still possible to solve every question without a calculator.

34 MATHEMATICS SECTION Number & Operations : Sequences Involving Exponential Growth The SAT includes mathematics questions that require knowledge of exponential growth sequences, also called geometric sequences. In a geometric sequence, there is a constant ratio between consecutive terms. For example, 7, 21, 63, 189,... is a geometric sequence that has constant ratio 3 and begins with the term 7. The term obtained after multiplying n times by 3 is 7 x 3 n. Since these sequences have real-life applications, questions in this area might be presented in contexts such as population growth. One example might be that of a population that initially numbers 100 and grows by doubling every eight years. The expression 100 x would give the population t years after it begins to grow. Sets (Union, Intersection, Elements) If a set is a collection of things, then the "things" can be referred to as "elements" or "members" of the set. Questions on the SAT might ask about the union of two sets (i.e., the set consisting of elements that are in either set or both sets) or the intersection of two sets (i.e., the set of common elements). For example, if set X is the set of positive even integers and set Y is the set of positive odd integers, a question might ask students to recognize that the union of the two sets is the set of all positive integers.

35 MATHEMATICS SECTION Algebra & Functions: Absolute Value Rational Equations and Inequalities Radical Equations Integer and Rational Exponents Direct and Inverse Variation Function Notation Concepts of Domain and Range Functions as Models Linear Functions -- Equations and Graphs Quadratic Functions -- Equations and Graphs For more detailed information and examples of questions in each of these content areas, go to the following websites:

36 MATHEMATICS SECTION Geometry & Measurement: Geometric Notation for Length, Segments, Lines, Rays, and Congruence The SAT will use the geometric notation commonly found in high school textbooks. Problems in Which Trigonometry May Be Used as an Alternative Method of Solution The SAT will include more questions that rely on the special properties of triangles or triangles. These questions can be answered by using trigonometric methods, but may also be answered using other methods. Properties of Tangent Lines Questions on the SAT may require knowledge of the property that a line tangent to a circle is perpendicular to a radius drawn to the point of tangency. Coordinate Geometry Some questions on the SAT may require knowledge of the properties of the slopes of parallel or perpendicular lines. In addition, some questions may require students to find the equations of lines, the midpoints of line segments, or the distance between two points in the coordinate plane. Qualitative Behavior of Graphs and Functions A question on the SAT might show the graph of a function in the xy-coordinate plane, and ask students to give, for the portion of the graph shown, the number of values of x for which f(x) = 3. Transformations and Their Effect on Graphs of Functions The SAT will include questions that ask students to determine the effect of simple transformations on graphs of functions. For example, the graph of a function f(x) could be given and students would be asked questions about the graph of the function f(x + 2).

37 MATHEMATICS SECTION Data Analysis, Statistics, & Probability: Data Interpretation, Scatterplots, and Matrices A question on the SAT might ask about the line of best fit for a scatter plot. Students would be expected to identify the general characteristics of the line of best fit by looking at the scatter plot. For example, students might determine that this line has a slope that is positive but less than 1. Students would not be expected to use formal methods of finding the equation of the line of best fit. Students will also be expected to be able to interpret data displayed in tables, charts, and graphs. Geometric Probability Some questions on the SAT may involve geometric probability. For example, if a point is to be chosen at random from the interior of a region, part of which is shaded, students might be asked to find the probability that the point chosen will be from the shaded portion of the region. These questions could be presented in a context such as throwing darts at a target.

38 Subject Tests, one-hour, mostly multiple-choice tests, measure how much students know about a particular academic subject and how well they can apply that knowledge. The 20 Subject Tests include: Literature, U.S. History, World History, Math Level IC, Math Level IIC, Biology E/M, Chemistry, Physics, French Reading, French Reading with Listening, German Reading, German Reading with Listening, Spanish Reading, Spanish Reading with Listening, Modern Hebrew Reading, Italian Reading, Latin Reading with Listening, Japanese Reading with Listening, Korean Reading with Listening, and Chinese Reading with Listening. Many colleges require or recommend one or more of the Subject Tests for admission or placement. Used in combination with other background information (your high school record, scores from other tests like the SAT I, teacher recommendations, etc.), they provide a dependable measure of your academic achievement and are a good predictor of future performance. Check out this link for more information:

39 =6 =6 SAT/CO_sat_satqbankol.html?cid= SAT/CO_sat_satqbankol.html?cid=

40 p_one.html (test prep items, practice questions, test-taking tips, full practice test) p_one.html (you can register for FREE online ACT/SAT preparation courses) (you can enroll at this site and receive resources and preparation online for FREE) (this costs money to join) 6db6afc5e3955a7b7b5fddbe1(FREE test prep items, practice questions, test-taking tips, additional resources) 6db6afc5e3955a7b7b5fddbe1

41 The Preliminary SAT ® /National Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test is a co-sponsored program by the College Board and National Merit Scholarship Corporation (NMSC).National Merit Scholarship Corporation (NMSC) PSAT/NMSQT stands for Preliminary SAT/National Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test. It's a standardized test that provides firsthand practice for the SAT Reasoning Test. It also gives you a chance to enter National Merit Scholarship Corporation (NMSC) scholarship programs. The PSAT/NMSQT measures: critical reading skills math problem-solving skills writing skills

42 To receive feedback on your strengths and weaknesses on skills necessary for college study. You can then focus your preparation on those areas that could most benefit from additional study or practice. To see how your performance on an admissions test might compare with that of others applying to college. To enter the competition for scholarships from the National Merit Scholarship Corporation (grade 11). To help prepare for the SAT. You can become familiar with the kinds of questions and the exact directions you will see on the SAT. To receive information from colleges when you check "yes" to Student Search Service. You should definitely take the PSAT/NMSQT in your junior year. Many students benefit from also taking it earlier, typically in their sophomore year. If you take it earlier, recognize that the PSAT/NMSQT is a junior-level test, so don't get discouraged if your score is low. Your score will usually increase as your years of study increase.

43 To sign up online, go to the following websites: ACT: SAT: ml ml PSAT: You cannot sign up for the PSAT online. You must check with your high school counselor or principal for registration materials.

44 Get a full night of sleep before the test. Eat breakfast and make sure you are well hydrated. Bring a water bottle for the test. Bring plenty of sharpened No. 2 pencils. Bring a watch and calculator for the test. Go to the bathroom right before the test! RELAX and BREATHE!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!


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