3 UsageA «comparison» is used when it is necessary to consider people or things in order to see how similar or how different they are. So a «comparison» is an act of comparing always two things.
4 How is it formed ? Superiority Number of syllables Form Example The comparative of superiority is used in sentences with THAN, but sometimes THAN is omitted.SuperiorityNumber of syllablesFormExampleOne+ erTall > tallerWith the spellingConsonant + single vowel + consonantFat >fatterDouble the final consonantTwoEnding in –y; -ly; -owEnding in –le; -er; ureOrMore + adj.Happy >happier/more happyYellow > yellower/more yellowSimple > simpler/more simpleTender > tender/more tenderTwo syllables or moreIntelligent > more intelligent
5 Inferiority Equality Form Example Form Example Less + adjective + than Days are less warm in January than in May.Not so + adjective + asDays are not so warm in January as in MayFormExampleas + adjective + asJack is as tall as his brother
6 Irregular comparisons A few English comparatives do not follow the usual pattern. Here is a list of common exceptions.PositiveComparativeBadWorseBadlyFar (distance)FartherFar (extent)FurtherGoodBetterIllPositiveComparativeLateLaterLessLesserLittle (amount)ManyMoreMuchWellBetter
7 Exercises www.better-english.com/grammar/comparatives.htm Joe is ______ than Ed. (short) 1. superiorityJoe is shorter than EdJoe is ______ than Al. (thin)Joe is thinner than AllAl is _______ than Joe. (heavy)All is heavier than JoeJoe is ______ than Ed. (happy)Joe is happier than EdJoe is ______ than Ed. (energetic)Joe is more energetic than Ed.
8 ExercisesThis shirt is ________ (expensive) than the other inferiorityThis shirt is less expensive (expensive) than the otherHe is _________ (problematic) than his brother.He is less problematic (problematic) than his brother.Alice is __________ (intelligent) as I thought she was.Alice is not so intelligent (intelligent) as I thought she was.3. Rewrite the sentences using the equality comparative .Helen is nice. Sandra is nice. ____________________________________________Helen is as nice as SandraMy English teacher is clever. My history teacher is clever. _____________________My English teacher is as clever as my history teacher.
9 Exercises 4. Complete using the right form. Anne is _________ (smart) as her sister.Less smart b) not so smartMichael is __________ (strong) than his friend Jordan.Less strong b) not so strongMy father is __________ (brave) as the unknown soldier.a) Not so brave b) less brave