Usage A «comparison» is used when it is necessary to consider people or things in order to see how similar or how different they are. So a «comparison» is an act of comparing always two things.
How is it formed ? The comparative of superiority is used in sentences with THAN, but sometimes THAN is omitted. Number of syllablesFormExample One+ erTall > taller One With the spelling Consonant + single vowel + consonant Fat >fatter Double the final consonant Two Ending in –y; -ly; -ow Ending in –le; -er; ure + er Or More + adj. Happy >happier/more happy Yellow > yellower/more yellow Simple > simpler/more simple Tender > tender/more tender Two syllables or more More + adj.Intelligent > more intelligent Superiority
Inferiority FormExample Less + adjective + than Days are less warm in January than in May. Not so + adjective + as Days are not so warm in January as in May Equality FormExample as + adjective + as Jack is as tall as his brother
Irregular comparisons A few English comparatives do not follow the usual pattern. Here is a list of common exceptions. PositiveComparative LateLater LessLesser Little (amount) Less ManyMore MuchMore WellBetter PositiveComparative BadWorse BadlyWorse Far (distance) Farther Far (extent) Further GoodBetter IllWorse
Exercises Joe is ______ than Ed. (short)1. superiority Joe is shorter than Ed Joe is ______ than Al. (thin) Joe is thinner than All Al is _______ than Joe. (heavy) All is heavier than Joe Joe is ______ than Ed. (happy) Joe is happier than Ed Joe is ______ than Ed. (energetic) Joe is more energetic than Ed.
Exercises This shirt is ________ (expensive) than the other.2. inferiority This shirt is less expensive (expensive) than the other He is _________ (problematic) than his brother. He is less problematic (problematic) than his brother. Alice is __________ (intelligent) as I thought she was. Alice is not so intelligent (intelligent) as I thought she was. 3. Rewrite the sentences using the equality comparative. Helen is nice. Sandra is nice. ____________________________________________ Helen is as nice as Sandra My English teacher is clever. My history teacher is clever. _____________________ My English teacher is as clever as my history teacher.
4. Complete using the right form. Anne is _________ (smart) as her sister. a)Less smart b) not so smart Michael is __________ (strong) than his friend Jordan. a)Less strong b) not so strong My father is __________ (brave) as the unknown soldier. a) Not so braveb) less brave