Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

THE KINGDOM OF THE FRANKS obj: To see how the Franks ruled their kingdom by looking at the assimilation of Gallo-Roman, Germanic and Christian influences.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "THE KINGDOM OF THE FRANKS obj: To see how the Franks ruled their kingdom by looking at the assimilation of Gallo-Roman, Germanic and Christian influences."— Presentation transcript:

1 THE KINGDOM OF THE FRANKS obj: To see how the Franks ruled their kingdom by looking at the assimilation of Gallo-Roman, Germanic and Christian influences

2 INFLUENCE OF MAYOR OF THE PALACE CHARLES MARTEL

3 RISE OF CHARLES MARTEL CLOVIS DEATH ALLOWS MAYOR OF THE PALACE TO EXPAND POWER AT THE EXPENSE OF THE KINGS POWER. 714 CM BECOMES MAYOR OF THE PALACE – MOST IMPORTANT POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT 732 BATTLE OF POITIERS – DEFEAT MUSLIM ADVANCE INTO WESTERN EUROPE – THE HAMMER 741 DIES & SON PEPIN TAKES OVER AS MAYOR OF THE PALACE – VIRTUAL RULE OVER MEROVINGIAN EMPIRE SON DEPOSED MEROVINGIANS WITH PAPAL PERMISSION & ASSUMED KINGSHIP FOR HIS FAMILY – CAROLINGIANS

4 PEPIN – CAROLINGIAN DYNASTY ANOINTING BY POPE – SAN VITALE AT RAVENNA

5 PEPIN & PAPAL RELATIONS LOMBARDS MOVING IN TOWARDS ROME TRADITIONALLY SOUGHT MILITARY HELP FROM BYZANTINE EMPEROR BUT ICONOCLAST CONTROVERSY OF 730 WIDENED DIVIDE B/W E. & W. CHURCHES – ICONOCLASTS OPPOSED ICONS IN CHURCHES (WORSHIPPING ICON NOT GOD) & MANY IN WEST DIDNT OPPOSE, ULTIMATELY CHURCH AGREED ICONS WERE OK – BYZ. SAYS CANT HELP AT THIS TIME & POPE STEPHEN II ASKS PEPIN FOR HELP ANOINTS PEPIN (ST. BONIFACE) – NOW NOT ONLY PRIESTS BUT KINGS ANOINTED 754 – DIVINE ASPECT OF KINGSHIP – PEPIN GIVES LAND TO PAPACY PAPAL STATES 784 ALLIANCE BETWEEN FRANKS & PAPACY ESTABLISHED – BOTH WILL BENEFIT FROM RELATIONSHIP

6 REIGN OF CHARLEMAGNE

7 CHARLEMAGNES ADMINISTRATION PEPIN DIES 768 & SON CHARLES, TO BECOME CHARLEMAGNE OR CHARLES THE GREAT, TAKES KINGSHIP CHARLEMAGNE: FIERCE WARRIOR, INTELLIGENT, TALL, INQUISITIVE, RESOLUTE STATESMAN & PATRON OF LEARNING 54 MILITARY CAMPAIGNS – SUCCESSFULLY OUSTS LOMBARDS FROM ALL ITALY 773 – CONSTANT WARFARE ONLY 7 YEARS OF PEACE IN W. EUROPE MOST SUCCESSFUL IN TAKING TERRITORY IN EAST NOT UNTIL NAPOLEON IN 19 TH AND HITLER IN 20 TH CENTURIES WOULD EMPIRE OF ITS SIZE BE SEEN AGAIN – 3 REICHS NO SYSTEM OF TAXATION SO RELY ON ROYAL ESTATES FOR RESOURCES & IN EXCHANGE CH. GAVE THESE FAMILIES LIFETIME HOLDING OF LAND MAKE COUNTS AGENTS OF KING, NOT LOYAL TO LAND, MOVE THEM OFF FAMILY LAND TO DO THEIR JOB, MOVED COUNTS AROUND SO THEY DIDNT GET TOO COMFY APPOINTED COUNTS, NOT HEREDITARY – AGAIN LOYALTY TO CHARLEMAGNE MISSI DOMINICI – MESSENGERS OF THE LORD – SENT OUT INTO EMPIRE TO CHECK UP ON COUNTS & REPORT BACK EMPIRE LARGE, TRAVEL SLOW, INEFFICIENT, LACK OF SUPERVISION LOYALTY TO KING HELD EMPIRE TOGETHER – TRAVELED EXTENSIVELY TO ENSURE LOYALTY BECOMES EMPEROR CHRISTMAS DAY 800 DUE TO AID IN 799 TO POPE LEO III

8 CORONATION 800 & RESPECT FROM HARUN AL RASHID

9 EMPIRE OF CHARLEMAGNE 814

10 TREATY OF VERDUN 843 AT DEATH EMPIRE TOO BIG FOR SON INFIGHTING LED TO SON LOUIS THE PIOUS TO DIVIDE INTO 3 PARTS WITH AID OF POPE GREGORY IV 1 ST EUROPEAN BOUNDARIES GRANDSONS OF CHARLEMAGNE CHARLES THE BALD – WEST LOTHAR – MIDDLE & TITLE EMPEROR LOUIS – EAST & TITLE THE GERMAN WITH DIVISION COMES FRAGMENTATION OF POWER & RISE OF LOCAL LEADERS NEED BETTER MAP

11 ROMAN CHURCH IN UNCERTAIN TIMES – ROLE OF POPE GREGORY I FATHEROF MEDIEVAL PAPACY PRIOR TO GREGORY I GERMANIC KINGDOMS CONVERT BUT CORRUPT, CHURCH OFFICES BOUGHT & SOLD GREGORY CHANGES ALL THIS & PUTS CHURCH ON ENERGETIC PATH TO PLAY A MORE POMINENT ROLE IN CIVILIZING GERMANIC TRIBES & CREATING NEW CULTURE GREG I ASSUME CONTROL OF ROME & SURROUNDING AREAS THAT SUFFERED DURING 6 TH C. INVASIONS & CREATED ADMINISTRATIVE UNIT THAT WILL BE KNOWN AS PAPAL STATES CONSTANT CONTACT W/ FRANKISH RULERS MISSIONARIES KEY TO SUCCESS 4 TH LATIN CHURCH FATHER ALONG WITH JEROME, AMBROSE & AUGUSTINE – BOOK OF PASTORAL CARE MOST IMPT., HANDBOOK FOR HOW TO BE A BISHOP USED PERSUASION NOT FORCE & WILLINGNESS TO ASSIMILATE PAGAN PRACTICES INTO CHRISTIANITY

12 IRISH CONVERSION & MONSATICISM

13 ENGLISH & IRISH CATHOLICISM & ROLE OF MISSIONARIES ENGLAND CHURCH BEST TRAINED & EDUCATED BY 700 DUE TO MISSIONARY WORK BEGUN UNDER POPE GREGORY IRISH NOT PART OF ROMAN EMPIRE SO DEVELOPS OWN TYPE OF MONASTICISM: SELF DENIAL, CONSTANT PENANCE, FASTING, LOTS OF LEARNING – EDUCATION EXTREMELY IMPORTANT – PRESERVE CLASSICAL LITERATURE IRISH GO TO ENGLAND, ESTABLISHED LINDISFARNE IN NORTHUMBRIA IRISH CELTIC CHRISTIANITY CLASHES WITH ENGLISH ROMAN CHRISTIANITY ISSUES SETTLED SYNOD OF WHITBY 664 – ACCEPT SOME CELTIC TRADITIONS BUT CLEARLY ROMAN CATHOLIC ENGLISH MISSIONARIES TRAVEL TO CONTINENT OF EUROPE

14 EDUCATION CRUCIAL IN MOST MONASTERIES IMPORTANCE OF READING, WRITING, IMAGES USEFUL CAROLINGIAN MANUSCRIPT WHITBY MONASTERY 657 (HILDA)

15 ST. BONIFACE 675 – 754 APOSTLE OF THE GERMANS MOST IMPORTANT MISSIONARY FROM ENGLAND MADE ARCHBISHOP FOR HIS MISSIONARY ACTIVITY WORKED W/ C. MARTEL TO REGENERATE FRANKISH CLERGY KILLED TRYING TO CONVERT PAGANS EFFORTS OF ST. BONIFACE HELPED MAKE EUROPE THE BASTION OF ROMAN CATHOLICISM


Download ppt "THE KINGDOM OF THE FRANKS obj: To see how the Franks ruled their kingdom by looking at the assimilation of Gallo-Roman, Germanic and Christian influences."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google