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Trabalho realizado por: - Ivo Neves nº7 11ºC1 - Liliana Santos nº10 11ºC1.

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Presentation on theme: "Trabalho realizado por: - Ivo Neves nº7 11ºC1 - Liliana Santos nº10 11ºC1."— Presentation transcript:

1 Trabalho realizado por: - Ivo Neves nº7 11ºC1 - Liliana Santos nº10 11ºC1

2 Articles The English language has two types of articles: -Definite (the) -Indefinite (a/an) The usage of the different articles depend on what and who we are talking about: -Something in concrete (that we know and its just that thing and no other) – we use the (Definite articles) -Something in common (that we know or not and it´s relative to a group) – We use a/an (Indefinite articles)

3 Ex: There is one group of five people and just one person has a striped t-shirt. If I want to talk about the member with stripes then I say the boy with the stripes. But if I want to talk about the group without any particularity Ill say, There is a group of five people. The articles, both, indefinite or definite are used for countable nouns. We can say: - A tiger is a dangerous animal (any individual tiger) - The tiger is a dangerous animal (all tigers, generic)

4 But we cant say: - An anger is a bad feeling We would have to say: - Anger is a bad feeling Because Anger is something uncountable, we cant say two angers, but we can say two tigers, because tigers are something countable.

5 Using the articles When we speak, we say sentences that are formed with a noun, verb, articles (definite or indefinite), etc… even if we dont realize it, we do say the articles. Mostly in simple sentences like the bottle had a message, in the example, both types of articles were used, definite and indefinite. I could say the bottle had an orange, now the sentence as changed a bit, but the indefinite article is still there, except it has changed, it was a and now there is an. The changing was due to changing of the last word, message to orange.

6 In the first sentence, the word that comes after the indefinite article starts with a consonant and in the second sentence it starts with a vowel. The indefinite articles have to change their appearance to be easier to be read or to be spoken, so: If the word starts with a consonant, the indefinite article is simply a – Ex: A Bottle If the word starts with a vowel, the indefinite article turns to an – Ex: An Apple Basically we use a for all the words started with consonants and an to all words started by a vowel. Although, the indefinite articles have some exceptions!

7 Exceptions The indefinite articles have some irregularities with some letters or sounds. This happens because its the sound that tells us when we should use a if the starting letter sound is like a consonant or an if the sound is apparently started by a vowel. This way we will have two types of exceptions:

8 Exception 1 When we have a word started by h followed by a vowel, when the h is unsounded. Ex: - An honest man - An honorary member This is because after the unsounded h there is a vowel, so the h is there only in the word, because the article is used as if it had no h.

9 Exception 2 When we have some words like union, united, one, etc… we use the article a because the sound of the letter when spoken is the sound of a consonant. - In union the sound of the U looks like we say yunion instead of union - In one the sound of the O looks like we say wone instead of one

10 Plural Form The indefinite articles can be used in the plural, being formed by some after a plural word instead of a/an that is used for singular words. Ex: Plural Singular -I have some apples - I have an apple -I like some dogs - I like a dog Some can be used for any word and doesnt have any exceptions.

11 Exercises 1 - Fill the blank spaces with A or An before the words: a) bingo game b) idiot c) energy level d) helicopter e) usual feeling

12 Exercises 1 - Fill the blank spaces with A or An before the words: a) a bingo game b) idiot c) energy level d) helicopter e) usual feeling

13 Exercises 1 - Fill the blank spaces with A or An before the words: a) a bingo game b) an idiot c) energy level d) helicopter e) usual feeling

14 Exercises 1 - Fill the blank spaces with A or An before the words: a) a bingo game b) an idiot c) an energy level d) helicopter e) usual feeling

15 Exercises 1 - Fill the blank spaces with A or An before the words: a) a bingo game b) an idiot c) an energy level d) an helicopter e) usual feeling

16 Exercises 1 - Fill the blank spaces with A or An before the words: a) a bingo game b) an idiot c) an energy level d) an helicopter e) a usual feeling

17 2 – Fill the blank spaces with indefinite articles a) I want __ apple from that basket b) __ apple a day keeps the doctor away c) Our neighbors have __ cat and __ dog

18 2 – Fill the blank spaces with indefinite articles a) I want an apple from that basket b) __ apple a day keeps the doctor away c) Our neighbors have __ cat and __ dog

19 2 – Fill the blank spaces with indefinite articles a) I want an apple from that basket b) An apple a day keeps the doctor away c) Our neighbors have __ cat and __ dog

20 2 – Fill the blank spaces with indefinite articles a) I want an apple from that basket b) An apple a day keeps the doctor away c) Our neighbors have a cat and a dog


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