Else Kleen: ”Having semi-qualified staff in these positions simply won´t do. Recruitement of managers is being dealt whit in a haphazard manner. Retired army officers or young unexperienced deacons are not suited as heads of protection homes”. ”The more qualified the supervisors are, the emptier the punishment ledger will be”.
Långanäs where harnesses where produced for the army during the war (39-45)
Improving the Effectivness of Juvenile Justice Programs, Lipsey m.fl, 2010 For youths with severe antisocial problems and who are placed in closed institutions Lipsey argues for the importance of a systematic approach. Interventions and efforts aimed at this group ought to be extensive and targeted at the youngster’s specific needs, i.e. specific risk and protective factors. The adolescent should be offered some form of transition or re-entry programs, case managers or after-car. A systematic approach to such challenges requires: A thorough examination of the adolescent’s risk of relapse Necessary treatment or support should be emphasized and given priority Enforcement plans or treatment plans should include a time schedule and be possible to follow up. Furthermore, plans must be revised and followed-up on a regular basis.
Unintended harm of institutional care Youths are separated from normal maturation processes Family ties are, at least temporarily, cut or weakened The development of social skills is obstructed Negative peer influences Education may be interrupted Responsibility for everyday life is limited Compulsory care is in itself offensive
Advantages of institutional care An institution can offer shelter in a situation of chaos and anxiety Put a halt to destructive behavior, such as drug abuse A youth will be inhibited from developing antisocial norms and behavior ”out there” Compensatory schooling, health care, social training, activities of daily life, etc Influence on the youth all day, every day (building alliances between staff and youths)
Future institutional care Institutional care must be well-structured and predictable Treatment should be organized according to knowledge based principles; scientific evidence, professional experience, and the youth’s own needs and preferences Efforts should be aimed at reinforcing normal maturation processes Limit additional coercive measures within this framework – such as seclusions or restraints Professional management so that dysfunctional (for example repressive) manners are less likely to thrive Competence in cooperation and working with many external parties Tomorrow’s institution is a learning organization