Presentation on theme: "THE GROWTH OF ATHENS THE CLASSICAL PERIOD BCE"— Presentation transcript:
1 THE GROWTH OF ATHENS THE CLASSICAL PERIOD 500-338 BCE
2 I. THE GOLDEN AGE OF ATHENS Objective: To trace the rise & fall of Periclean Athens by indentifying actions of Pericles that contributed to both.I. THE GOLDEN AGE OF ATHENSDELIAN LEAGUE 478 BCATHENS UNOFFICIAL LEADERNAVAL ALLIANCEBENEFITS & DETRIMENTS
3 DEMOCRACY AT ITS ZENITH PERICLEAN ATHENSINFRASTRUCTURE – PARTHENONSIMPLE LIFE, SLAVERY, GENDERDRAMAPHILOSOPHY: LIFE ? IN RATIONAL TERMSa. pre-socratics & sophistsb. Socrates (470 – 399 BC) – Socratic Method – general to specificc. Plato (427 –347 BC) – The Academy & The Republicd. Aristotle (384 – 322 BC) – primary aim of nature was perfection
6 The signal achievement of Greece was the willingness of some to treat questions of origin of the universe & life in rational not mythical terms
7 Socrates & The Socratic Method DIDN’T FIT ATHENIAN MOLD OF PERFECTION (UGLY)INDIVIDUAL MORE IMPORTANT THAN THE STATETHE UNEXAMINED LIFE NOT WORTH LIVINGDRAW OUT KNOWLEDGE FROM PEOPLE THAT THEY ALREADY POSSESSTRIED & CONVICTED FOR CORRUPTING YOUTH
8 PELOPONNESIAN WARS – THUCYDIDES’ ACCOUNTS 431-404 BCE RISING CONFLICT B/W ATHENS & ALLIES BCSPARTA RELUCTANTLY DECLARES WAR“THIS DAY…BEGINNING OF GREAT EVIL FOR THE GREEKS”PLAGUE, 10 YEARS, TREATY, COLD WAR 442 BC – DEATH OF PERICLESALCIBIADES BC CONTINUES WARDEFEAT OF ATHENS BY SPARTA & LYSANDER
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