Presentation on theme: "What Do The Earth Sciences Say About Creation?"— Presentation transcript:
1What Do The Earth Sciences Say About Creation? Dr. Heinz LycklamaFrog + time (instantaneous) -> Prince = Fairy TaleFrog + time (300 million yrs.) -> Prince = ScienceDr. Gish, ICR“What I see convinces me God exists. What I cannot see, confirms it.”Albert Einstein
2Science “Operational” Science “Origins” Science Postulate theory -> make observations -> prove/falsify theoryUsing the Scientific Method“Origins” ScienceWere you there at the beginning?Model of CreationModel of EvolutionWhich model fits the observed facts best?“Forensic” science
3Scientific Methodology Make observationsDevelop a hypothesis or theory that explains the observationsConduct experiments to test accuracy and predictions made by the theoryDraw conclusionsRepeat experiments to verify results and eliminate sources of inaccuracy
4Theory CriteriaTo apply scientific methodology, the theory must meet these criteria:Must be falsifiable or verifiableMust make quantifiable predictionsExperimental results must be repeatableMust be as simplistic as possible with no unnecessary components (Occam’s Razor)Adherence to the methodology allows for self-correction and increases confidence in the assumptions made by scientific philosophy
5Origins - Evolution or Creation? “Science is the search for truth”Fact, Law, Theory, Hypothesis, Model?Fact – proven to be trueLaw – no known exceptionTheory – testable, falsifiable, based on empirical findingsHypothesis – provisionally explains some factModel – simplified representation of realityWhich is Evolution? Creation?A model – let’s see why …
6Models of Origins We can neither observe nor repeat “origins” Origins “theories” cannot be tested or provenWe have two models (not theories) of originsCreation and evolutionModels can be compared as to their respective capacities for correlating observable dataEvolutionists regard evolution as “a proven fact.”They believe that evolutionism is science and that creationism is religionEvolutionists are unable to prove evolutionThousands of scientists believe in creation
7Evolution Model Cannot be proved: It operates too slowly to be measurable (if it is taking place)The scientific method cannot be used to measure itSmall variations in organisms, observed today, are not relevant (can’t be used to distinguish between creation and evolution)Dr. Heribert-Nilsson, Director of the Botanical Institute at Lund University, Sweden, said “My attempt to demonstrate evolution by an experiment carried on for more than 40 years has completely failed. … The idea of an evolution rests on pure belief.” (Synthetische Artbildung, 1953).
8Evolution Model - 2Explains origin, development and meaning of all things in terms of natural laws and processes which operate today as they have in the pastNo extraneous processes requiring an external agent (i.e. a Creator) are permittedThe universe in all respects evolves itself into higher levels of order (particles to people), elements -> complex chemicals -> simple living systems -> complex life -> man
9Creation Model Cannot be proved: Creation is not happening now, so far as can be observedThe scientific method cannot repeat creationCannot ascertain whether creation took place (except through divine revelation)
10Creation Model - 2Involves a process of special creation in the beginningAll the basic laws and categories of nature brought into existence by special creative processes which are no longer in operation todayDistinct kinds exist today as they have existed in the pastProcesses of creation replaced by processes of conservation
11Which Model Best Fits The Facts? Creation and Evolution are the only two models of originsBoth models should be considered as equal alternatives and evaluated objectively in terms of their relative abilities to correlate and explain scientific dataThe model that incorporates the most data and has the smallest number of unresolved issues is the most likely to be true
12Looking At The Scientific Evidence Origin of matter, energy and natural lawOrigin of the solar systemTeleology – study of evidences of design in nature, e.g. Anthropic PrincipleClassification of biological organismsNatural selection and mutations (vestigal organs)
13The Scientific Evidence - 2 Origin of manOrigin of life – probabilityThe fossil recordGeologic ages – Uniformitarianism vs. CatastrophismAge of the world (earth/universe)
14The Origin of Man Evolution model predicts: Creation model predicts: Molecules -> manMan evolved from an apeCreation model predicts:Man’s appearance has remained largely the same
15Ape To Man?In a Science Digest article written by Lyall Watson, he states that:“The fossils that decorate our family tree are so scarce that there are still more scientists than specimens. The remarkable fact is that all the physical evidence we have for human evolution can still be placed, with room to spare, inside a single coffin.”David Pilbeam and Steven Gould (two evolutionists) report that:“Unfortunately, the fossil record of pongids (apes) is nonexistent, making a glaring deficiency in the whole story.”
16Famous “Hominid” Fossils Neanderthal Man – 1856Java Man – 1891Piltdown Man – 1908Nebraska Man – 1922Ramapithecus – 1930Lucy
17Neanderthal Man Fossil fragments first found in France – 1856 Skull cap and some limb bonesDiagnosed as human with deformed vertebraeNeanderthal Man’s Site in Krapina,Another almost complete skeleton found in 1908Reconstructed by Marcelle Boule to look ape-likeBased on pre-conceived evolutionary notionsFaulty reconstruction recognized in 1957Neanderthal is now known to be fully human with a bone deformitySchool textbooks still portray as man’s ancestor
18Java Man Discovered by Eugene Dubois in 1891 In 1940 Dubois admitted Ape-like skull cap, and 3 teeth later onBrain size of 900 cc (2/3 of ave. man)Human-like thigh bone found 50 feet away one year laterAssumed they went togetherFossils dated at 500,000 years (guesswork based on assumed evolutionary model)In 1940 Dubois admittedHe found two human skulls in same area as the human thigh bone – 30 years laterJava Man now regarded as an artificial constructStill in textbooks as support for evolution
19Piltdown Man Fossil fragments found in 1908 Part of a human skull and part of a lower ape-like jawEstimated to be 500,000 years oldDiscovered to be a fraud in 1953Lower jaw and tooth were from orangutanTooth had been filedParts of lower jaw broken to hide the fact that it did not fit with the skullSkull was dated at ~620 years old and dyed to appear old
20Nebraska Man Discovered in 1922 Dated to be one million years old Fossil was only a single toothComplete model of Nebraska Man, his family and environment was constructedTooth discovered to be pig’s tooth in 1928Still cited as evidence for evolution in the 1940’s
21Ramapithecus Found in India in 1930’s Considered a human ancestorBased on some jaw fragments and a few teethMore fossil evidence found in 1970’sBaboons in Ethiopia have same teeth structure as RamapithecusNow discarded as a possible “missing link”Had been published as factual evidence of human evolution worldwide
22Lucy Discovered in 1974 by Donald Johanson Evidence: 40% complete skeletonDated at 3.5 million years oldEvidence:Arm/leg ratio of 83.9 %Hip/pelvis – walked uprightKnee joint – walked upright
23Lucy - 2 Digging deeper, we find that: Leg bone broken in two places and one end was crushed -> this invalidates the ratioHip/pelvis was incomplete, and thus reshaped to make it look as if it walked uprightKnee joint was found over one mile away and 200 feet deeper in strata from rest of bonesFossil remains of two different creatures fitted to form a make-believe creature
24Summary of “Hominid” Fossils Neanderthal Man – accepted as homo sapiensJava Man – artificial constructPiltdown Man – proven to be a hoaxNebraska Man – an extinct pigRamapithecus – an orangutanLucy – make-believe creatureAnother one for the Creation Model!
25Lord Zuckerman Chimes In “For example, no scientist could logically dispute the proposition that man, without having been involved in any act of divine creation, evolved from some ape-like creature in a very short space of time – speaking in geological terms – without leaving any fossil traces of the steps of the transformation.”Zuckerman, Solly Beyond the ivory tower: The frontiers of public and private science. New York: Taplinger Publishing Company. p. 64.
26Keeping ScoreCreationEvolutionOrigin of ManTOTAL =1
27The Fossil RecordThe theory of evolution is based on two major suppositions:Mutations and natural selection supposedly provided the mechanismThe fossil record allegedly proved the “fact” of evolutionFossils should “prove” evolution since the fossil record has long been considered as the main evidence for evolutionThe creation model predicts that organisms preserved as fossils will correspond to the same classification system as applicable to present-day plants and animals
28The Fossil Record - 2 Evolution model predicts: Many preliminary formsMany transitional formsRandomly distributed gaps between present kinds and transitional formsBasic taxonomic categories should have been evolvingCreation model predicts:No preliminary formsNo transitional formsClear gaps between typesSame taxonomic categories as at present
29The Fossil Record - 3“Creation and evolution, between them, exhaust the possible explanations for the origin of living things. Organisms either appeared on the earth fully developed or they did not. If they did not they must have developed from preexisting species by some process of modification. If they did appear in fully formed state, they must have been created by some omnipotent intelligence.”D. J. Futuyma, Science on Trial, 1983
30The Fossil Record - 4 Darwin admitted in 1859: “Why then is not every geological formation and every stratum full of such intermediate links? Geology assuredly does not reveal any such finely graduated organic chain.”Paul Moody wrote in a standard textbook:“So far as we can judge from the geologic record, large changes seem usually to have arisen suddenly. ... fossil forms, intermediate between large subdivisions of classification, such as orders and classes, are seldom [read never] found.”
31The Fossil Record - 5Evolutionists say we should find transitional forms:Single cell to multi-cell creaturesInvertebrate to vertebrateFish to reptileReptile to birdApe to manTo date no true transitional fossil forms have been discovered
32The Fossil Record - 6“I fully agree with your comments on the lack of direct illustration of evolutionary transitions in my book. If I knew of any, fossil or living, I would certainly have included them. . .I will lay it on the line, There is not one such fossil for which one might make a watertight argument.”-- Dr. Colin Patterson, senior paleontologist at the British Museum of Natural History140 years after Darwin, and still no credible transition form!
33Coelacanth – A “Living Fossil” Coelacanth fishKnown by paleontologists of 19th and 20th centuries from the fossil record“Extinct” about 70 million years agoPossible forerunner to first land animalsLiving specimensFound off west coast of Madagascar in 1938More found laterNo longer considered a link in evolutionary chainAnother evolution “theory” debunked!
34Fully Formed“It is considered likely that all the animal phyla became distinct before or during the Cambrian, for they all appear fully formed, without intermediates connecting one phylum to another.”Futuyma, Douglas J Evolutionary biology.2d ed. Sunderland, MA: Sinauer Associates, Inc. p. 325.
35The Fossil Record Summarized Missing links are still missingDifferent types of “living fossils” foundSudden appearance of fully formed fossils in the “Cambrian Explosion”The same “kinds” still appear todaySome species are now extinctNo new kinds evolvedSupports the Creation Model!
38Geologic Record Evolution model predicts: Creation model predicts: UniformitarianismSediment layers deposited graduallyMore complex fossils in higher layersCreation model predicts:CatastrophismEvidence for global floodSudden appearance of fully formed fossils
39Conventional History Of The Earth 4,0005001,0001,5002,0002,5003,0004,5003,500Millions of Years BPCenozoicHuman fossilsMesozoicLast dinosaur fossilsFirst reptile fossilsPaleozoicFirst land plant fossilsPrecambrian-First multicellular animal fossils-First eukaryotic fossils-Atmospheric Oxygen accumulation(from cyanobacteria)There are about 1050 atoms in the earth, and about 1080 atoms in the universe.-First fossil prokaryotesOrigin of life-Crust forms-Formation of the earth
40The Geological Column Cenozoic 100 - Mesozoic Phanerozoic PrecambrianCenozoicPaleozoicMesozoicTertiaryPaleoceneOligoceneEoceneMioceneExtinction of dinosaurs and many familiesMillions of Years Before Present300 -100 -400 -500 -200 -JurassicCretaceousTriassicDinosaursMammals, cycads, conifers, angiospermsConifers, more reptiles and amphibiansDevonianCambrianPermianCarboniferousSilurianOrdovician“The age of fish” small land plantsMany fossils, all modern phyla ex. bryozoaMany crinoids, amphibia and reptilesCoal “forests” many primitive land plantsJawless fish, strange land plantsMany marine organisms including bryozoaProterozoicArcheanFew fossilsEdiacarian fauna (odd marine organisms)Very few fossils, maybe noneMany pseudo fossils
44Geologic Column Theory Cambrian rocks began to form ~ 600My ago[now believed to be My ago]Cambrian period estimated to be ~ 80My[now believed to be 5-10My]Precambrian rocks laid down during the prior hundreds of millions of yearsShould contain fossils of evolutionary ancestors of the complex vertebratesShould contain fossils of transitional forms linking the complex vertebrates to common ancestors
45What Do We Find?Fossils of microscopic, soft-bodied, single-celled organisms, such as bacteria and algae in Precambrian rocksNo fossilized ancestors for any Cambrian invertebrateNo trace of transitional forms between the various kinds of invertebrates, e.g.No linking sponges with jellyfishNo linking snails with trilobitesFossils of a vast array of complex invertebrates abruptly appear fully formed in the Cambrian rocks
46The Geologic ColumnThe “column” is not the column that textbooks describe:It rarely exists in its entirety in one locationThe Grand Canyon shows ~ 50% of “text book” column“Complete” geologic column only found in textbooks!All types of rocks, minerals, metals are found in all ages and strataA progression of fossils through the ages “documents” evolution:That’s errant, “circular reasoning”: i.e. fossils date rocks, yet the rocks date the fossils (evolution is assumed)
47The Geologic ColumnThe creation / abrupt appearance column is the result of a world wide flood:Sorting action of water (smaller fossils end up going to bottom)Ordered destruction of different habitatsThe geologic column illustrates a superficially valid “successional tendency”, but it represents a very fast time sequence, not slowMt. St. Helens created a “mini Grand Canyon” in days, and petrified wood in less than ten years!
48What Does Richard Dawkins Say? “The Cambrian strata of rocks, vintage about 600 million years, are the oldest in which we find most of the major invertebrate groups. And we find many of them already in an advanced state of evolution, the very first time they appear. It is as though they were just planted there, without any evolutionary history. Needless to say, this appearance of sudden planting has delighted creationists.”Richard Dawkins, The Blind Watchmaker
49What Does Douglas Futuyma Say? “It is considered likely that all the animal phyla became distinct before or during the Cambrian, for they all appear fully formed, without intermediates connecting one form to another.”Douglas Futuyma, Evolutionary Biology, 2nd Ed. 1986
50What We Find In The Fossils Same gaps in fossils records as in the organisms found todayAll kingdoms and subkingdoms are represented in the geologic record from the Cambrian onwardAll phyla of the animal kingdom are represented from the Cambrian onwardAll orders and families (as well as kingdoms, phyla, and classes) appear suddenly in the fossil record, with no indication of transitional forms from earlier types
51Animal and Plant Kingdom Fossils All classes of the animal kingdom are represented from the Cambrian onward, except:Moss-coral (Ordovician onward)Insects (Devonian onward)Graptolites (Cambrian to Carboniferous)Trilobites (Cambrian to Permian)All phyla of the plant kingdom are represented from the Triassic onward, except:Bacteria, algae, fungi (Precambrian onward)Bryophytes, pteridophytes (Silurian onward)Spermophytes (Carboniferous onward)Diatoms (Jurassic onward)
52The Origin of Vertebrates Fish believed to be the first vertebrateOrigin appears sudden and dramaticAll three subdivisions of the bony fishes appear in the fossil record at about the same timeErrol White, an evolutionist and expert on fishes, stated:“But whatever ideas authorities may have on the subject, the lungfishes, like every other major group of fishes that I know, have their origins firmly based in nothing.”E. White, Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London
54Conclusions Laws of science consistent with Creationism Signs of intelligence in the universeThe probability of life from non-life is zeroAbrupt appearance of fully-formed animalsThe missing links are still missingMan did not evolve from apesCatastrophism explains the “geologic column”There is NO credible evidence for evolution!Science supports Creationism
55More Information ICR – Institute for Creation Research Acts and Facts articles on CreationAnswers in GenesisBooks, seminars, articles on CreationCreation Research SocietyPublication of peer-reviewed creation articlesDr. Heinz Lycklama’s LecturesTrue Origin ArchiveExposing the myth of evolution
56Thank you for your attention! Dr. Heinz Lycklama
57Creation Organizations ICR – Institute for Creation ResearchBooks by Henry Morris (founder), e.g.The Genesis FloodThe Genesis RecordThe Modern Creation TrilogyActs and Facts articles on CreationAnswers in GenesisFounded by Ken HamBooks, seminars, articles on Creation
58Creation Organizations - 2 Creation Evidence MuseumDinosaurs and human tracksCreation MomentsRadio spotsCreation Research SocietyPublication of peer-reviewed creation articles
59Creation Organizations - 3 Center For Scientific Creation“In The Beginning” Book by Walt Brown, Ph.D.Creation Science EvangelismVideos, seminarsDiscovery InstituteIntelligent Design “Think Tank”
60Important Books The Genesis Record, Dr. Henry Morris The Genesis Flood, Dr. John Whitcomb & Dr. Henry MorrisThe Collapse of Evolution, Scott HuseThe Lie: Evolution, Ken HamRefuting Evolution, Dr. Jonathon SarfatiEvolution: The Fossils Still Say No!, Dr. Duane GishScientific Creationism, Dr. Henry MorrisStarlight and Time, Dr. Russell HumphreysDinosaurs by Design, Dr. Duane Gish
61Important Books - 2 The Young Earth, Dr. John Morris Science and the Bible, Dr. Henry MorrisTornado in a Junkyard, James PerloffIn The Beginning, Dr. Walt BrownEvolution: A Theory in Crisis, Michael DentonDarwin on Trial, Dr. Phillip JohnsonDarwin’s Black Box, Dr. Michael BeheDesign Inference, Dr. William Dembski