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Integrated EA Conference 2010 Slide No 1 Copyright © BAE Systems 2010 All rights reserved.

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Presentation on theme: "Integrated EA Conference 2010 Slide No 1 Copyright © BAE Systems 2010 All rights reserved."— Presentation transcript:

1 Integrated EA Conference 2010 Slide No 1 Copyright © BAE Systems 2010 All rights reserved

2 Integrated EA Conference 2010 Slide No 2 Copyright © BAE Systems 2010 All rights reserved Use of an Activity Model to Underpin Enterprise Evolution in Capability Management Integrated Enterprise Architecture Conference th /10 th March 2010

3 Integrated EA Conference 2010 Slide No 3 Copyright © BAE Systems 2010 All rights reserved Authors Malcolm Touchin, Principal Consultant, Systems Engineering Innovation Centre Alan Harding, Consultant Systems Engineer, BAE Systems Integrated System Technologies Stewart Leinster-Evans, ISBM Architect, BAE Systems Doug Westphal, Electronics, Intelligence and Support Operating Group, BAE Systems David Hawken, Systems Engineering Integration Group, UK MoD MoD Slides have been provided by the UK MoD Systems Engineering and Integration Group, under Crown Copyright. All other material is copyright to BAE Systems plc

4 Integrated EA Conference 2010 Slide No 4 Copyright © BAE Systems 2010 All rights reserved Contents Introduction The Need for Enterprise Structures The Cube The Activity Model Illustrations and Example Summary

5 Integrated EA Conference 2010 Slide No 5 Copyright © BAE Systems 2010 All rights reserved Hurricane Katrina – USA 2005 WASHINGTON (CNN) -- After being roundly criticized in a slew of media, congressional and government reports, the Federal Emergency Management Agency's internal watchdog Friday returned its own verdict on the handling of Hurricane Katrina: The criticism against FEMA is largely deserved.

6 Integrated EA Conference 2010 Slide No 6 Copyright © BAE Systems 2010 All rights reserved UK 2007 Floods

7 Integrated EA Conference 2010 Slide No 7 Copyright © BAE Systems 2010 All rights reserved So whats the Problem? Enterprises have many, often diverse, assets: Equipment Infrastructure People Process/procedures Cultures and behaviours Often organised into Functions: Blue-light" emergency services Health Services Telecommunications Recovery Transport Experience and financial imperatives suggest that the operations of the Enterprise should be managed to optimise overall outcomes Outcomes are achieved through realising the Enterprise's capability(ies)

8 Integrated EA Conference 2010 Slide No 8 Copyright © BAE Systems 2010 All rights reserved Capability and Functional Groupings System Operational Grouping Enterprise Function Grouping Capability Business Function Enterprise Goal EnterpriseOutcome

9 Integrated EA Conference 2010 Slide No 9 Copyright © BAE Systems 2010 All rights reserved System of Systems Approach In principle, any suitably connected (sub)set of the assets can be regarded as forming a System of Systems (SoS), but on which of the many possible SoS should the Enterprise focus: Operational Groupings to achieve Outcomes Functional Groupings Specific assets (equipment, repair facilities, e.g.) Cost centres Geographic Locations? Importance of outcomes is gaining recognition; this means understanding the capabilities of the enterprise

10 Integrated EA Conference 2010 Slide No 10 Copyright © BAE Systems 2010 All rights reserved Definitions - System A system is a combination of interacting elements organized to achieve one or more stated purposes [INCOSE Systems Engineering Handbook] A system is an open set of complementary, interacting parts with properties, capabilities, and behaviours emerging both from the parts and from their interactions [Hitchins, Putting Systems to Work]

11 Integrated EA Conference 2010 Slide No 11 Copyright © BAE Systems 2010 All rights reserved Definitions - System of Systems (SoS) A set or arrangement of systems that results when independent and useful systems are integrated into a larger system that delivers unique capabilities [DoD Defense Acquisition Guidebook 2004] System of Systems applies to a System-of-Interest (SoI) whose system elements are themselves systems; typically these entail large scale inter- disciplinary problems with multiple, heterogeneous, distributed systems [INCOSE-TP , Systems Engineering Handbook V.3] Key properties of the SoS: Each of the systems of interest (SoI) is independently capable of achieving a stated purpose But, as a System, the SoS has emergent behaviour that is realised through the integrating functions of the SoS The other elements of the SoS are infrastructure that either provide connectivity or support of the SoI

12 Integrated EA Conference 2010 Slide No 12 Copyright © BAE Systems 2010 All rights reserved Definitions - Capability (noun) - The power or ability to do something (OED) Capability is the enduring ability to generate a desired operational outcome or effect, and is relative to the threat, physical environment and the contributions of coalition partners (UK MoD) Capability is the ability to achieve a desired effect under specified standards and conditions through combinations of means and ways to perform a set of tasks (US DoD)

13 Integrated EA Conference 2010 Slide No 13 Copyright © BAE Systems 2010 All rights reserved Enterprise Capability An Enterprise may have many specific capabilities Need to structure them, e.g.: Transport Road, rail, air, etc Passenger, freight, courier, etc. Local, long distance, international, etc. Defence Anti-submarine warfare, surveillance, etc. Homeland, expeditionary, disaster relief, etc. Responses to Emergencies Dealing with mass casualties Evacuation and Shelter Humanitarian Assistance in Emergencies Security and Policing

14 Integrated EA Conference 2010 Slide No 14 Copyright © BAE Systems 2010 All rights reserved Levels of Engineering Experience shows that Systems Engineering needs to be applied at differing levels – with potential variations in approach: Capability Engineering – focussing on the capabilities needed to achieve the Enterprise goal System of Systems Engineering – focussing on how system-of-systems can be engineered to optimise capability and on coherence across all Enterprise functions Project Systems Engineering – focussing on project delivery of specific systems and services

15 Integrated EA Conference 2010 Slide No 15 Copyright © BAE Systems 2010 All rights reserved Ways and Means Need a range of different ways and means*, or functions, to realise capability, such as: People Equipment Procedures Infrastructure Support Contributions from all of these need to be integrated and harmonised effectively to enable each specific capability (*UK MoD – DLoDs, US DoD – DOTMLPF, and so on)

16 Integrated EA Conference 2010 Slide No 16 Copyright © BAE Systems 2010 All rights reserved Enterprise Functional Organisation Contributions must be managed individually and co-ordinated overall to ensure that intended capabilities are achieved Generally managed through functional groups, such as: People (including Training and Organisational structures) Process (including Legislation, Strategy, Management Information) Equipment & Technology Infrastructure Sustainment They also need to be integrated and harmonised across all capabilities of the Enterprise, while recognising the many constraints, including for example: Resources Physical space Time and Funds

17 Integrated EA Conference 2010 Slide No 17 Copyright © BAE Systems 2010 All rights reserved Lifecycle Time and lifecycle phase affect how systems engineering is applied Enduring nature of Capability implies a lifecycle/time dimension Phases/timing vary with level and Enterprise function Synchronisation and communication needed between levels/functions Levels Capability Management – recognising endurance, and distinction between planning and deployment System of Systems Engineering – co-ordinates between lifecycles of disparate functions Systems Engineering – various (project) lifecycles: ISO/IEC Service lifecycles (e.g. ITIL) Concept Development Production Utilisation / Support Retirement

18 Integrated EA Conference 2010 Slide No 18 Copyright © BAE Systems 2010 All rights reserved Capability Engineering Model Capability Management Systems of Systems Engineering Systems Engineering People Process Equipment & Technology Infrastructure Sustainment Concept Development Production Utilisation Support Retirement

19 Integrated EA Conference 2010 Slide No 19 Copyright © BAE Systems 2010 All rights reserved Capability Determination & Planning Capability Analysis System of Systems Architecting & Analysis System Architecting & Analysis System Design, Build & Integration Component Design, Build & Integration Concept Exploration & Technology Development Element Sustainment & Engineering Operational Package Integration & Deployment Element Integration Operations Concept/PlansDevelopment/ProductionUtilisation/SupportDisposal/Retirement Capability System of Systems Systems Component Concept and Technology Development

20 Integrated EA Conference 2010 Slide No 20 Copyright © BAE Systems 2010 All rights reserved Search and Rescue Architecting across Capabilities Emergency Accommodation Security There are areas (activities) in the model where there will be touch points across the capabilities, including: Establishing capability needs Architecting within individual functions Deploying capabilities to an operation

21 Integrated EA Conference 2010 Slide No 21 Copyright © BAE Systems 2010 All rights reserved Underpinning Enterprise Evolution When planning for a change in operational capability, the model supports identifying: What steps (activities) to undertake to make the change What impact specific changes might have across the Enterprise What each Enterprise Function needs to contribute The change implementation plan When deploying a change in operational capability, the model supports identifying: How the change will integrate with other deployed capability What will be needed to sustain the capability How lessons learnt influence future deployment

22 Integrated EA Conference 2010 Slide No 22 Copyright © BAE Systems 2010 All rights reserved Using the Model Identification of priorities for change Taking different perspectives, e.g. PESTLE*, to support trade-off decisions An holistic, Enterprise-wide view to ensure that activities are optimised to achieve the desired outcomes Suppliers to: Identify business opportunities and risks Establish appropriate contracting and partnering arrangements The model is a framework within which the full set of activities needed to realise a given operational capability, and their interrelationships, can be derived and visualised. This allows: (*PESTLE – Political, Economic, Social, Technological, Legal, Environmental)

23 Integrated EA Conference 2010 Slide No 23 Copyright © BAE Systems 2010 All rights reserved Application of the Model BAE Systems is using this model to explore the skills and competencies needed to support TLCM UK MoD (SEIG) is developing a System of Systems Approach based on similar thinking Illustration by way of a Hypothetical Disaster Relief Scenario BAE Systems is using this model to explore the skills and competencies needed to support TLCM UK MoD (SEIG) is developing a System of Systems Approach based on similar thinking Illustration by way of a Hypothetical Disaster Relief Scenario

24 Integrated EA Conference 2010 Slide No 24 Copyright © BAE Systems 2010 All rights reserved Capability Determination & Planning Capability Analysis System of Systems Architecting & Analysis System Architecting & Analysis System Design, Build & Integration Component Design, Build & Integration Concept Exploration & Technology Development Element Sustainment & Engineering Operational Package Integration & Deployment Element Integration Operations Concept/PlansDevelopment/ProductionUtilisation/SupportDisposal/Retirement Capability System of Systems Systems Component Concept and Technology Development Scenario Driven Capability Analysis System of System Architecting Ongoing system design and development, but with increased understanding of the wider picture Growing importance of sustainment business Need for new/additional skills in architecting and complex system modelling at the SoS level Need to understand customers' capability needs and plans

25 Integrated EA Conference 2010 Slide No 25 Copyright © BAE Systems 2010 All rights reserved Application of the Model BAE Systems is using this model to explore the skills and competencies needed to support TLCM UK MoD (SEIG) is developing a System of Systems Approach based on similar thinking Illustration by way of a Hypothetical Disaster Relief Scenario

26 26 © Crown Copyright MoDs Approach to System-of-Systems David Hawken

27 27 © Crown Copyright System-of-Systems Approach (SOSA) Overview Affects: –Heads of Capability –Through-Life Capability Management Programme Boards and Programme Support Functions –Domain Architects & Delivery Teams must actively use and contribute to the development of the SOSA operating model and rulebook A SOSA centric organisation will only be delivered by MOD working collaboratively No single organisation can deliver it on their own Creation of a SOSA rulebook and associated processes, which together will provide a shared context across architecting domains on how MOD is to achieve the appropriate level of interoperability, reuse, standardisation and commonality.

28 28 © Crown Copyright The SOSA Model

29 29 © Crown Copyright Scope Incremental Programme SOSA 1.0 –Focus on support to programme boards –Systems & Services Equipment and Information DLODs only – Interoperability Aspects Programme Boards associated with NEC Key NEC Domain Architectures –C4, ISTAR, Logs & (Alexin) Future SOSA Increments –Expansion into other Domains –Expansion into support for Capability Architecture Definition –Expansion into Target Architecture and (necessary) Component Aspects

30 Integrated EA Conference 2010 Slide No 30 Copyright © BAE Systems 2010 All rights reserved Application of the Model BAE Systems is using this model to explore the skills and competencies needed to support TLCM UK MoD (SEIG) is developing a System of Systems Approach based on similar thinking Illustration by way of a Hypothetical Disaster Relief Scenario

31 Integrated EA Conference 2010 Slide No 31 Copyright © BAE Systems 2010 All rights reserved Hypothetical Disaster Relief Scenario First World country subject to flooding Informed by UK, Netherlands, USA Fairly typical example Localised – Lynmouth 1952, Boscastle 2004 Widespread – Netherlands 1953, Katrina 2005 National Emergency Planning Cell Government organisation Works with Government and Non-Governmental organisations Focus on: Risk assessment Planning and preparedness Capability management

32 Integrated EA Conference 2010 Slide No 32 Copyright © BAE Systems 2010 All rights reserved Instantiating the Entity Model To protect life, property and return to normal living conditions as quickly as possible Search and recovery complete for specified area, appropriate re-visit rate 24/7 search and rescue in complex flooded terrain Flood rescue teams, casualty stations, asset protection Inshore boat, helicopter, pumping, communications, crew, flood maps, launch and recovery Healthcare, Emergency Services, Army, Coastguard, Broadcast Media Strategy, Planning, Management National Emergency Planning Cell

33 Integrated EA Conference 2010 Slide No 33 Copyright © BAE Systems 2010 All rights reserved Capability Determination & Planning Capability Analysis System of Systems Architecting & Analysis System Architecting & Analysis System Design, Build & Integration Component Design, Build & Integration Concept Exploration & Technology Development Element Sustainment & Engineering Operational Package Integration & Deployment Element Integration Operations Concept/PlansDevelopment/ProductionUtilisation/SupportDisposal/Retirement Capability System of Systems Systems Component Concept and Technology Development Establish strategic needs for predicted flooding scenarios Analyse likely scenarios – causes, effects, likelihood Identify and prioritise required capabilities Consider results of previous and any ongoing emergencies Capability Determination & Planning Capability Analysis

34 Integrated EA Conference 2010 Slide No 34 Copyright © BAE Systems 2010 All rights reserved Capability Determination & Planning Capability Analysis System of Systems Architecting & Analysis System Architecting & Analysis System Design, Build & Integration Component Design, Build & Integration Concept Exploration & Technology Development Element Sustainment & Engineering Operational Package Integration & Deployment Element Integration Operations Concept/PlansDevelopment/ProductionUtilisation/SupportDisposal/Retirement Capability System of Systems Systems Component Concept and Technology Development Identify and select architectural approach Embody as generic planning guidance Manage constraints, governance, command and control Levy requirements on individual organisations and systems Monitor system developments for effects on planned capability Plan and conduct any specific integration, trials and exercises System of Systems Architecting & Analysis

35 Integrated EA Conference 2010 Slide No 35 Copyright © BAE Systems 2010 All rights reserved Capability Determination & Planning Capability Analysis System of Systems Architecting & Analysis System Architecting & Analysis System Design, Build & Integration Component Design, Build & Integration Concept Exploration & Technology Development Element Sustainment & Engineering Operational Package Integration & Deployment Element Integration Operations Concept/PlansDevelopment/ProductionUtilisation/SupportDisposal/Retirement Capability System of Systems Systems Component Concept and Technology Development Individual organisations manage developments or change: New or modified in-shore boats Create or update to operating procedures Up-skill all crews in emergency first aid Establish interoperable communications systems System Architecting & Analysis System Design, Build & Integration Component Design, Build & Integration Element Integration

36 Integrated EA Conference 2010 Slide No 36 Copyright © BAE Systems 2010 All rights reserved Capability Determination & Planning Capability Analysis System of Systems Architecting & Analysis System Architecting & Analysis System Design, Build & Integration Component Design, Build & Integration Concept Exploration & Technology Development Element Sustainment & Engineering Operational Package Integration & Deployment Element Integration Operations Concept/PlansDevelopment/ProductionUtilisation/SupportDisposal/Retirement Capability System of Systems Systems Component Concept and Technology Development Operations Refine predictions of timing, location, severity with weather forecast Confirm and monitor required capabilities Develop harmonised architecture to deploy based on: Generic architecture Actual assets available Physical situation Monitor response and match between capabilities and needs Escalate immediate capability needs (e.g. from third party) Operational Package Integration & Deployment

37 Integrated EA Conference 2010 Slide No 37 Copyright © BAE Systems 2010 All rights reserved Capability Determination & Planning Capability Analysis System of Systems Architecting & Analysis System Architecting & Analysis System Design, Build & Integration Component Design, Build & Integration Concept Exploration & Technology Development Element Sustainment & Engineering Operational Package Integration & Deployment Element Integration Operations Concept/PlansDevelopment/ProductionUtilisation/SupportDisposal/Retirement Capability System of Systems Systems Component Concept and Technology Development Monitor effective support to on-going operation Fuel, consumables Food and shelter Repair and maintenance Maps and information Ensure that operations are sustainable Confirm post-operation recovery Identify new/changed requirements Element Sustainment & Engineering

38 Integrated EA Conference 2010 Slide No 38 Copyright © BAE Systems 2010 All rights reserved Capability Determination & Planning Capability Analysis System of Systems Architecting & Analysis System Architecting & Analysis System Design, Build & Integration Component Design, Build & Integration Concept Exploration & Technology Development Element Sustainment & Engineering Operational Package Integration & Deployment Element Integration Operations Concept/PlansDevelopment/ProductionUtilisation/SupportDisposal/Retirement Capability System of Systems Systems Component Concept and Technology Development Identify needs for new technology or innovation from long-term planning or operations Major infrastructure Specific portable rescue technology Models and predictions Improved operational concepts Concept Exploration & Technology Development

39 Integrated EA Conference 2010 Slide No 39 Copyright © BAE Systems 2010 All rights reserved Summary Enterprises need to identify, engineer and manage the Systems of Systems that matter; increasingly the emphasis is moving towards consideration of outcomes or capability Some of the Systems of Systems must be optimised if the required capability is to emerge, while others must be optimised to allow the Enterprise to function efficiently Three key dimensions allow the problem to be visualised in terms of: Appropriate levels of engineering (and management) How each Enterprise function should contribute Synchronisation across disparate lifecycles The Activity Model allows key insights into how the activities essential to shaping and deconflicting the Systems of Systems should be organised

40 Integrated EA Conference 2010 Slide No 40 Copyright © BAE Systems 2010 All rights reserved Thank you Any Questions?


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