3 Background 1945: USSR invaded Korea to root out Japanese U.S. responded by landing troops in southUneasy agreement reached- 38th parallel divided KoreaKim Il Sung organized Comm. gov’t in NU.S. backed Syngman Rhee in South – Rep. of KoreaBy U.S. supported South, Soviets the North
4 Armed Conflict Begins North Korea crossed 38th, June 25, 1950 UN Security condemned invasionSoviets absent- 6 months earlier left council in protestTruman attached U.S. forces to Korea- never officially a ‘war’- only a ‘police action’Truman reaction was not surprising (Truman Doctrine) but outside of assumed reaction1948: U.S. gradually w/drew troops from KoreaDean Acheson, Sec of State claimed Korea was outside of U.S. defense perimeter
5 Why did U.S. Intervene Tense Cold War Politics U.S.S.R. atomic ready- 1949U.S.S.R. intimidation of Turkey & Greece‘NSC 68’: analysis recommended heavy increase in military spending to offset Soviets1949- Communist China came to powerTruman criticized for ‘losing’ China1950 McCarthyism- Truman criticized for being to soft on CommunismKorea may be lost- can’t ‘lose’ another country in AsiaFear Soviet & China sphere of Communism
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