Presentation on theme: "SOFTWARE-rt1 NIST Enterprise Architecture ModelNIST Enterprise Architecture Model initiated in 1989, one of the earliest frameworks for Enterprise Architecture."— Presentation transcript:
SOFTWARE-rt1 NIST Enterprise Architecture ModelNIST Enterprise Architecture Model initiated in 1989, one of the earliest frameworks for Enterprise Architecture. Enterprise Architecture NIST Enterprise Architecture Model Enterprise Architecture An Enterprise Architecture Framework (EA Framework) is a framework for an Enterprise Architecture which defines how to organize the structure and views associated with an Enterprise Architecture. frameworkEnterprise ArchitectureviewsframeworkEnterprise Architectureviews Enterprise Architecture framework
4 Impression of Enterprise Architecture Frameworks evolution ( ). On the left: The Zachman Framework 1987, NIST Enterprise Architecture 1989, EAP 1992, TISAF 1997, FEAF 1999 and TEAF On the right: POSIX, TAFIM, JTA, JTAA, TOGAF 1995, DoD TRM and C4ISR 1996, and DoDAF  Zachman FrameworkNIST Enterprise ArchitectureEAPTISAFFEAF TEAF TAFIMTOGAFC4ISR DoDAF Zachman FrameworkNIST Enterprise ArchitectureEAPTISAFFEAF TEAF TAFIMTOGAFC4ISR DoDAF
SOFTWARE-rt5 Enterprise Architecture started with the Zachman Framework in Another early implementation of an Enterprise Architecture framework was the "Technical Architecture Framework for Information Management" (TAFIM). The first draft of TAFIM was completed in 1991 with the TAFIM Technical Reference Model (TAFIM TRM). This technical reference model wanted to use open systems and new technologies available in the commercial market, to develop a DoD-wide applicationZachman FrameworkTechnical Architecture Framework for Information Managementopen systemsDoD
SOFTWARE-rt6 The TOGAF TRM was originally derived from the Technical Architecture Framework for Information Management (TAFIM), which in turn was derived from the IEEE model  or POSIX Open System Environment: a standard "to construct an information processing system, including consumers, system integrators, application developers, system providers, and procurement agencies".TOGAFOpen System Environment
SOFTWARE-rt7 In recent years, it has become apparent that a key benefit to be gained from Enterprise architecture is the ability to support decision making in changing businesses. Because Enterprise Architecture brings together business models (e.g. process models, organizational charts, etc.) and technical models (e.g. systems architectures, data models, state diagrams, etc.) it is possible to trace the impact of organizational change on the systems, and also the business impact of changes to the systems.Enterprise architectureprocess modelsorganizational chartssystems architecturesdata models state diagrams As this benefit has emerged, many frameworks such as DoDAF, MODAF, or AGATE have adopted a standard meta model which defines the critical DoDAFMODAFAGATEmeta model
SOFTWARE-rt8 architectural elements and the dependencies between them. Applications based on these models can then query the underlying architectural information, providing a simple and strong mechanism for tracing strategies to organizational and technological impacts.
SOFTWARE-rt9 EA Framework topics Persons who have ever remodeled their home, know how important building codes, blueprints, and city or county inspections are to successfully complete the project. The architect operates within a "framework" of building codes, preparing blueprints for each phase of the project, from the structural changes to the size and layout of the rooms. Detailed drawings specify plumbing, electrical, and building construction information for the entire structure. Enterprise Architecture works in a similar manner.
SOFTWARE-rt10 An architecture framework for Information Technology (IT) affects every aspect of the enterprise. An Enterprise Architecture framework is similar to building codes that ensure the building is soundly constructed. The IT governance bodies and procedures serve as the city and county inspectors for building improvement projects. Frameworks contain models and standards that will be used to develop IT architecture descriptions. The architecture description is the blueprint.
SOFTWARE-rt11 An architecture framework for Information Technology (IT) affects every aspect of the enterprise. An Enterprise Architecture framework is similar to building codes that ensure the building is soundly constructed. The IT governance bodies and procedures serve as the city and county inspectors for building improvement projects. Frameworks contain models and standards that will be used to develop IT architecture descriptions. The architecture description is the blueprint.
SOFTWARE-rt12 Architecture domain Example of the Federal Enterprise Architecture, which has defined five architectural layers.Federal Enterprise Architecture
SOFTWARE-rt13 In the context of the creation of enterprise architecture it is common, according to Péter Bernus (2005), to recognise three or four types of architecture, each corresponding to its particular architecture domain. Examples of such domains are:enterprise architecturePéter Bernus architecture domain Business architectureBusiness architecture, Information systems architecture, often subdivided into Data architectureData architecture, and Application architectureApplication architecture, and Technical architecture.Technical architecture
SOFTWARE-rt14 Architectural domains are a structuring criterion for a collection of architecture products. They should not be confused with the application domain of the framework as such.
SOFTWARE-rt15 Layers of the Enterprise Architecture
SOFTWARE-rt16 Contemporary federal guidance suggests thinking about layers of the enterprise architecture: Business processes and activities Applications such as custom or off-the-shelf software tools Data that must be collected, organized, safeguarded, and distributed Technology such as computer systems and telephone networks
SOFTWARE-rt17 The Architecture Domains follow a pattern of decomposition as one goes from top to the bottom of the framework. The ownership can be divided into 4 broad categories: planner's view, owner's view, designer's view and developer's view in this order. All the views are mostly hierarchical in nature. For business view the planner and owner's level is typically called the value chains (which are descriptive by nature). The designer's view of business is also known as the analytical view and there are various standards for modeling this view. One mostly commonly used modeling standard is the Business Process Modeling Notation (BPMN). The designer's view typically represents the execution level which uses standards like Business Process Execution Language (BPEL).Business Process Modeling NotationBusiness Process Execution Language
SOFTWARE-rt18 Enterprise Architecture Domains and Subdomains
SOFTWARE-rt19 Enterprise Architecture Reference Architecture with Sub Domains The Application and Technology Domains (which are not to be confused with business domains) are characterized by domain capabilities and domain services. The capabilities are supported by the services. The application services are also referred in Service-oriented architecture (SOA). The technical services are typically supported by software products.Service-oriented architecture
SOFTWARE-rt20 The data view starts with the data classes which can be decomposed into data subjects which can be further decomposed into data entities. The basic data model type which is most commonly used is called ERD (Entity Relationship Diagrams, see Entity-relationship model). The Class, subject and entity forms a hierarchical view of data. Enterprises do have millions of instances of data entities.Entity-relationship model
SOFTWARE-rt21 The Enterprise Architecture Reference Traditional Model offers clear distinction between the Architecture Domains ( Business, Information/Data, Application/Integration and Technical/Infrastructure). These domains can be further divided into Sub domain disciplines. An Example of the EA Domain and Sub Domains is in the image on the right.
SOFTWARE-rt22 Many Enterprise Architecture Teams consist of Individuals with skills aligned with the Enterprise Architecture Domains and Sub Domain Disciplines. For Example : Enterprise Business Architect, Enterprise Information Architect, Enterprise Application Architect, Enterprise Infrastructure Architect.. etc. An Example of the List of Reference Architecture Architecture Patterns in the Application and Information Architecture Domains are available at Architectural pattern (computer science)Architectural pattern (computer science)
SOFTWARE-rt23 View model A view model is a framework, which defines the set of views or approaches to be used in systems analysis or the construction of an enterprise architecture.view modelsystems analysisenterprise architecture Since the early 1990s there have been a number of efforts to define standard approaches for describing and analyzing system architectures. Many of the recent Enterprise Architecture frameworks have some kind of set of views defined, but these sets are not always called "view models".
SOFTWARE-rt24 Types of Enterprise Architecture framework 1.Consortia-developed frameworks EABOK (The Guide to the Enterprise Architecture Body of Knowledge) - a U.S. Federal-funded guide to EA in the context of legislative and strategic business requirements.EABOK Generalised Enterprise Reference Architecture and Methodology (GERAM)Generalised Enterprise Reference Architecture and Methodology IDEAS Group - a four-nation effort to develop a common ontology for architecture interoperabilityIDEAS Group RM-ODP - the Reference Model of Open Distributed Processing (ITU-T Rec. X.901- X.904 | ISO/IEC 10746) defines an enterprise architecture framework for structuring the specifications of open distributed systems.RM-ODPopendistributed systems TOGAF - the Open Group Architecture Framework - a widely used framework including an Architectural Development Method and standards for describing various types of architecture.TOGAFOpen Group Good enough architecture methodology - a methodology based on experiences, results and best-practices gathered through real-life implementations of various building blocks that altogether provide a realizable architecture and working solutions.Good enough architecture methodology ARCON - A Reference Architecture for Collaborative Networks - not focused on a single enterprise but rather on networks of enterprisesARCON
SOFTWARE-rt25 2.Open Source Frameworks TRAKTRAK - a general systems-oriented framework based on MODAF 1.2 and released under GPL/GFDL.MODAF 3.Commercial frameworks Integrated Architecture FrameworkIntegrated Architecture Framework (IAF) - from Capgemini company in 1993 Capgemini CLEAR Framework for Enterprise ArchitectureCLEAR Framework for Enterprise Architecture - Atos Origin's Enterprise Architecture Framework
SOFTWARE-rt26 OBASHI - the OBASHI Business & IT methodology and frameworkOBASHI Information FrameWork (IFW) - conceived by Roger Evernden in 1996Information FrameWork Zachman Framework - an architecture framework, based on the work of John Zachman at IBM in the 1980sZachman FrameworkJohn Zachman The Enterprise Framework - an architecture framework, developed by Sam Holcman at the Enterprise Architecture Center of ExcellenceThe Enterprise Framework
SOFTWARE-rt27 4.Defense industry frameworks DoDAF - the US Department of Defense Architecture FrameworkDoDAF MODAF - the UK Ministry of Defence Architecture FrameworkMODAF NATO Architecture Framework AGATE - the France DGA Architecture FrameworkAGATE DNDAF - the DND/CF Architecture Framework (CAN)DNDAF
SOFTWARE-rt28 5.Government frameworks Government Enterprise Architecture (GEA) - a common framework legislated for use by departments of the Queensland GovernmentGovernment Enterprise ArchitectureQueensland Government FDIC Enterprise Architecture Framework Federal Enterprise Architecture Framework (FEAF) - a framework produced by the Office of Management and Budget for use within the U.S. GovernmentFederal Enterprise Architecture FrameworkOffice of Management and BudgetU.S. Government NIST Enterprise Architecture Model Treasury Enterprise Architecture Framework (TEAF) - a framework for treasury, published by the US Department of the Treasury in July 2000.Treasury Enterprise Architecture FrameworktreasuryUS Department of the Treasury Nederlandse Overheid Referentie Architectuur (NORA) - a reference framework from the Dutch Government E-overheid NORANederlandse Overheid Referentie ArchitectuurE-overheid NORA