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Types of Cells
Chemistry of the Cell
$100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 Types of Cells Cell Functions Membrane Proteins Vocabulary Matters Parts of a Cell Cell Chemistry
Cells without membrane bound organelles
What are prokaryotes ?
Cells with vacuoles, cell walls, and chloroplasts
What are plant cells?
Cells with a nucleus
What are eukaryotes?
Cells with >2000 mitochondria
What are liver cells?
Cells with long extensions that enable it to receive and transmit impulses
What is a nerve cell?
Makes ATP for use in cell
What is a mitochondrion?
What is the nucleus?
Where ribosomes are made
What is the nucleolus?
Protein synthesis occurs here
What is a ribosome?
Makes proteins for export from the cell
What is the Rough ER?
Proteins attached to the cell membrane surface
What are peripheral proteins?
Hydrophilic end of a phospholipid
What is the head?
Proteins embedded in the lipid bilayer
What are integral proteins?
Double membrane enclosing hereditary material of the cell
What is the nuclear envelope?
Membrane that chooses what substances can & can not cross
What is selectively permeable?
Many hair-like organelles that aid in cell movement
What are cilia?
Membrane folds inside a mitochondrion
What are crista?
Membrane sacs where photosynthesis takes place
What is a thylakoid?
Model of the cell membrane
What is the fluid mosaic model?
Direction lipids & proteins move in a cell membrane
What is laterally?
What is a Golgi body?
What is a mitochondrion?
What is the rough endoplasmic reticulum?
Organelle located inside the nucleus
What is the nucleolus?
ribosomes leave the nucleus through these
What are nuclear pores?
These attached to integral proteins for holding cells together or recognizing chemical messengers
What are carbohydrates ?
Subunits making up membrane proteins
What are amino acids?
Organic molecule with a head & two tails
What is a phospholipid?
Steroids make up part of this cell structure
What is the cell membrane?
Contains sugars, water, & wastes in plant cells
What is the central vacuole?
Types of Cells Cell Functions Membrane Proteins.
Structure and Function of the Cell Chapter Discovering the cell… 1665 – Hooke looked at plants under the microscope and saw little boxes –
1. All living things are made of _____________. 2. Cells are the basic unit of structure & function in an organism (= basic unit of __________) 3. New.
Nucleus/Nucleolus Structure Double membrane (nuclear envelope) Function Control center of the cell Stores hereditary info (DNA) Makes RNA and.
Do as we Learn it: Prokaryotic & Eukaryotic chart:
Parts of a Eukaryotic Cell Eu – Good / True Karyote- Kernel (nucleus)
Cells - Structure and Function of Organelles. Eukaryotic vs. Prokaryotic Prokaryotic organisms are single-celled bacteria that evolved early and are very.
CELLS Structure & Function Review. What is the function of the cell membrane? Controls what enters or leaves cell; When DNA is spread out in the nucleus.
3.1 Cell Theory KEY CONCEPT Cells are the Basic unit of life.
EUKARYOTIC* CELL STRUCTURE REMEMBER: You need to write the notes on the slides with this icon. Interactive Cell.
com/watch?v=Pfu1D E9PK2w CELL MEMBRANE.
Review of Organelles. Things to know for TEST: 1. Name of Organelle 2. Location of Organelle 3. Function of Organelle 4. Be able to identify Organelle.
Biology 3.3 Cell Organelles Cell Organelles. The Nucleus Most functions of a cell are controlled by the nucleus. The nucleus is surrounded by a double.
Types of Cells Cell Functions Microscopes and Old Guys and stuff.
7.2 Cell Structure Cytoplasm = portion of the cell outside the nucleus – found in eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells Organelles “little organs”
4-2 Parts of the Eukaryotic Cell A.Cell membrane B. Organelles.
Nucleus/Nucleolus Structure Double membrane (nuclear envelope) with nuclear pores Chromatin Nucleolus Function Stores hereditary info (DNA)
Today’s Goal: Reinforce Nature of Biology, Ecology and Chemistry. 1.Locate your Core 40 Study Guide.
Cell Structure and Function Chapter 7 Vocab Review
Vocabulary Review Cells. Smallest Unit of Life CELL.
Cell Types and Cell Structure. Prokaryotic vs. Eukaryotic no nucleus no membrane enclosed organelles single chromosome no streaming in the cytoplasm cell.
Ch 4 – A Tour of the Cell The cell is the basic unit of structure and function in the body. Prokaryote v. Eukaryote Are smaller than eukaryotic cells.
Parts of the Eukaryotic Cell Cell Membrane Selectively Permeable = only certain things can enter / exit the cell.
Ch 7 - Cell Structure & Function The fundamental life processes of plants and animals depend on a variety of chemical reactions that occur in specialized.
STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF THE CELL CHAPTER 4. CELL STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION- CHAPTER 4 VOCABULARY (33 words) 1. Cell2. Cell theory3. plasma membrane 4.
Cell Organelles Found in Plant and Animal Cells Cell membrane Nucleus Nucleolus Mitochonria Ribosomes Lysosomes Endoplasmic reticulum Golgi Body Cilia.
3.2 Cell Organelles KEY CONCEPT Eukaryotic cells share many similarities.
4.2 INTRODUCTION TO CELLS. CELL DIVERSITY (SHAPE) Cells come in a variety of shapes The shape typically reflects the function of the cell Consider.
CYTOPLASM/CYTOSOL Structure Fluid between cell membrane & organelles Contains water, salts, organic compounds Function Aids in movement Cell.
Organelle Structure and Function. Review Prokaryotes simple celled organisms No nucleus Eukaryotic cells multicellular organisms Nucleus organelles.
Chapter 4 Cell Structure and Function Image from:
Cytoplasm Cell membrane and Cell Wall Nucleus Nuclear envelope Nucleolus Chromatin Endoplasmic Reticulum –smooth –rough Ribosomes Golgi Body Mitochondria.
Exit Questions Sept. 11, What is the function of the Chloroplast? 2. What is the function of the Cell Wall? 3. What is the function of a vacuole?
Cell Structure & Function. Cell Organelles Organelle= “little organ” Found only inside eukaryotic cells.
Chapter 7 Section 2 Eukaryotic Cell Structure Biology Pgs
Cells Made Simple Biology 11 Ms. Bowie. Cells Smallest living unit Most are microscopic.
Chapter 3 Cell Structure and Function. 3.1: Cell Theory KEY CONCEPT : Cells are the Basic unit of life.
A tour of the Cell Cell organelles & functions. Differences between plant and animal cells: Animal lacks Plant lacks Cell wall Centrioles Large central.
Cell Structure and Function Chapter 3 Vocab Review
Cell Structures and Organelles. Cell Membrane Found: All Cells Location: Outer part of the cell Structure: Phospholipid bilayer Fluid, flexible Function/
Cells. The Discovery of Cells Robert Hooke, and English scientist, discovered and named cells in He looked at thin slices of cork through a light.
Cell Structure DO NOW: Read over todays lab!. Prokaryotes ● Simplest and smallest of cells ● First cells (before) and the only organisms on earth 3.5.
CELLS Structure. Cell Membrane Surrounds the cell to separate it from its external environment Composed of a phospholipid bilayer that has proteins embedded.
Cell Organelles. Bell Ringer What makes up the cell membrane?
Chapter 7 Cell Structure and Function Image from: © Pearson Education Inc, Publishing as Pearson Prentice Hall; All rights reserved Nucleolus Nucleus Nuclear.
Chapter 7 FLASH CARDS. This organelle looks like a stack of Sac of digestive enzymes that pancakes. It modifies, sorts, & packages breaks down food or.
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