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Maarten van Bentum (University Library) Scholarly publishing today: new models for scientific visibility Maarten van Bentum (University Library)

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Presentation on theme: "Maarten van Bentum (University Library) Scholarly publishing today: new models for scientific visibility Maarten van Bentum (University Library)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Maarten van Bentum (University Library) Scholarly publishing today: new models for scientific visibility Maarten van Bentum (University Library)

2 Scientific publishing models The traditional publishing model The Open Access model The hybrid publishing model

3 Maarten van Bentum (University Library) Main characteristics Article to (commercial) publisher journal Author officially transfers copyright to publisher Publisher obtains exclusive publication rights Author looses control over his/her article Peer-review organized by publisher Journal access by readers subscription (demand-paid) The traditional publishing model

4 Maarten van Bentum (University Library) The traditional publishing model Advantages Formal quality control (peer review) Journal status (branding) Disadvantages Time consuming (between initial submission and publication) Limited exposure because of high journal subscription rates (depending on deals between libraries and publishers) Less citations Transfer of copyrights

5 Maarten van Bentum (University Library) The Open Access model More information: Budapest Open Access Initiative (2001): Two roads Open Access journals Online self-publishing or –archiving (Repositories) OA publications are those made freely available online to anyone anywhere, with no charges imposed for access

6 Maarten van Bentum (University Library) The Open Access model OA Journals More than 3600, almost 1260 searchable at article level Free online access Supply paid instead of demand paid: change of financial flows in scientific institutions Directory of Open Access Journals (see also UB website/Find databases for searching)Directory of Open Access Journals

7 Maarten van Bentum (University Library) The Open Access model Self-publishing or –archiving Author offers publications (not necessarily final publishers version) full text and freely available for everyone on the internet own or institutions website open institutional repository (=online freely accessible institutions archive of scientific publications)

8 Maarten van Bentum (University Library) The Open Access model Advantages Rapid publication of scientific work No transfer of copyrights More citations –Online self-archiving see: Brody, T. and Harnad, S. (2004). Comparing the Impact of Open Access (OA) vs. Non-OA Articles in the Same Journals. D-Lib Magazine 10(6). –Open access journals see: Eysenbach, G. (2006). Citation Advantage of Open Access Articles PLoS Biol 4(5) document&doi= %2Fjournal.pbio ) document&doi= %2Fjournal.pbio

9 Maarten van Bentum (University Library) Relation between number of citations and open access (computer science) Source: Lawrence, S. (2001) Free online availability substantially increases a paper's impact. Nature 411 (6837): 521

10 Maarten van Bentum (University Library) The Open Access model Disadvantages No (self-archiving) or less (OA journals) formal quality control (peer review) No branding by journal status (self archiving) or less scientific status (OA journals) No official citation (self-archiving)

11 Maarten van Bentum (University Library) The Open Access model Driving forces (1990s) Serials crisis (financial conditions of scientific communication: economy-push) World Wide Web (new medium for scientific communication: technology-push)

12 Maarten van Bentum (University Library) The Open Access model Serials crisis – the economical factor Rising costs of scholarly journals since late 1980s Slower rise or even diminishing library budgets Canceling of subscriptions Increasing subscription prices Decreasing availibility scientific knowledge Decreasing scientists exposure and citation

13 Maarten van Bentum (University Library) The Open Access model World wide web – the technological factor First preprint archive: Los Alamos National Laboratory (1991) Increasing full text availibility of publications on authors and/or institutions website since introduction of first webbrowser (Mosaic ) Open Archives protocol (1999)

14 Maarten van Bentum (University Library) The Open Access model Recent developments Institutional repositories based on OAi-protocol (1999 …) Open Access journals (1999, British Medical Journal) Budapest Open Access Initiative (2001, ) Less publishers constraints for open access (2003 …): author-friendly copyright conditions, embargo policy Mandates (2005 …): open access policy of funding agencies (27), research institutes/universities (22) and European Commission Hybrid models: hybrid journals and parallel publishing

15 Maarten van Bentum (University Library) The Hybrid publishing model Combination of traditional and Open Access model Two forms: Hybrid journals Parallel publishing

16 Maarten van Bentum (University Library) The Hybrid publishing model Hybrid journals Author pays publisher a certain amount of money to offer the journal article in Open Access Example: Springer Open Choice (contract between Springer and Dutch UKB:1250 articles for OA in a certain year at no cost)Springer Open Choice List of hybrid journals:

17 Maarten van Bentum (University Library) The Hybrid publishing model Parallel publishing Using both publishers channel and online self- publishing/archiving (institutional repositories) Publishers conditions for parallel publishing: Copyright issues in higher education: Licence to publish (copyright conditions more in favour of author):

18 Maarten van Bentum (University Library) Open Access Repositories Institutional repositories for scientific output All Dutch universities and many in other countries Worldwide scientific network (Open Archives protocol) Long-term preservation by e-depot (National Library of the Netherlands) Searchable by Google (general, worldwide), Narcis/Darenet (scientific, Netherlands), Base – Bielefeld Academic Search Engine, and Scientific Commons (scientific, international)

19 Maarten van Bentum (University Library) UT-repository Almost 6800 full text scientific UT publications freely accessible for everyone and another 800 accessible on campus Another 3500 records with bibliographic data only Dissertations, journal articles, congress papers, research reports, etc. More than 1200 full text UT student theses Homepage University Library – UT publications and UT Student theses

20 Maarten van Bentum (University Library) Searching in repositories Narcis (Darenet / Promise of Science/Cream of Science) (www.narcis.info)Narcis (Darenet / Promise of Science/Cream of Science) Base (http://base.ub.uni-bielefeld.de)Base Scientific Commons (www.scientificcommons.org)Scientific Commons UT repository (www.doc.utwente.nl)UT repository

21 Maarten van Bentum (University Library) Submitting to UT-repository Archiving full text publication (and long-term preservation) Accessible on open internet only after copyright-check by the library Author remains copyright owner Submit link on homepage UT repository orhomepage UT repository to or Cd-rom to: University Library University of Twente P.O. Box AE Enschede


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