Presentation on theme: "PhD Research proposal Presentation"— Presentation transcript:
1 “Religious networks and religious engagement as a source for social capital: case Georgia” PhD Research proposal PresentationDuration of the research project: 3 yearsKetevan RcheulishviliIlia State UniversityThe School of Graduate StudiesDepartment of Social Sciences
2 Content Introduction Literature review Background theory Hypothesis and central Research QuestionMethodologyBibliographic references
3 Introduction General definition of Social Capital “connections among individuals--social networks and the norms of reciprocity and trustworthiness that arise from them.” (Robert Putnam. Bowling Alone 2000)Main reasons associated with the popularity of SC Theory:Concentration on the positive consequences: positive connotations of SC conceptNon-pecuniary character of SCFlexibility of the terminology: the vague definition ofthe term of SC
4 Literature reviewOrigins of Social Capital Theory: contemporary strain of literature on concept of social capitalPierre BoudieuJames ColemanRobert PutnamAnalytical framework of Robert Putnam’s Social Capital Theory (Bowling Alone: 2000)Literature related to Social Capital in Georgian society:“Assessment of Social Capital in Georgia: 2011” conducted by Caucasus Research Recourse Centre (CRRC) 2011“Civil society in the Caucasus: Myth and Reality” (by Jonathan Wheatley; Caucasus Analytical Digest # )
5 Background Theory: Theory of Social Capital Difficulties in defining Social Capital: multi-dimensional structure of Social CapitalKey principles of Social Capital TheorySocial networks/communitynormsTrustPublic benefitStructure of social networks: bonding and bridging social capital with vertical and horizontal ties (Putnam: 2000)
6 Social capital Theory in Robert Putnam’s “Bowling Alone” Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American CommunityA Key thesis of Putnam’s work deals with the process of eroding of “social capital” (civic engagement) in the USA since 1950The main reason for erosion of traditional Social CapitalThe role of religious networks and their engagement in generating and maintaining Social capital in civil societyInterplay between religion and civic engagement in USA
7 The Hypothesis and Central Research Question System of institutionalized relations between the members of religious community and their religious engagement creates the form of social capital, which can affect the civic consciousness and civic engagement of members of the same religious community.What kind of relationship and/or causality can exist between following variables: the level of religious engagement/membership and the level of civic engagement among the members of religious communities in Georgia?
8 Do religious institutions/engagement produce social capital and foster civic engagement in the society?supporting civic engagement and building social capitalReligious communitiesPolitical communitiesSocial communitiesOther communitiesIndividuals
9 Research questions: Religious community - as a source for SC? To what extent can be religious community/church in Georgia considered as a civic community?Religious community – as a social institution and its structureSpecific form of social capital produced by religious communityReligious engagement and civil engagementDo religious communities/institutions in Georgia building any form of social capital which can affect the level of associational activism, and civic engagement in Georgian society?
10 Methodology Case study research Target group: Two religious communities in Georgia (Tbilisi)Target group selecting criteria:High level of religious engagement of religious communityHigh level of civic engagement of religious community1 Stage: Desk research (document examination and literature review of scientific articles, articles from religious newspapers and magazines, etc. )Research topics for the first stage of the case study:Empirical studies on social capital; Conceptual and methodological issues;Various analytical approaches , theoretically based and empirically valid measures of social capitalSocial capital and religionSocial capital in religious communitiesStructure of social relations, institutionalized roles and behaviors among the religious communities in GeorgiaTrusting social connections between the members of religious communities
11 MethodologyII StageParticipant observation (collecting accessible information about the everyday practice of the people in religious communities through the focused observation on the community)Research subjects for the second stage of case study:Everyday life of religious community; religious engagement among the members of the communityInstitutionalized roles and behaviors of members in the community; Structure of social relations among the community membersPublic/civic actions and other arrangements organized by the religious community; level of involvement in other civic actions organized by non-members of the community
12 Methodology III Stage: In-depth interviews Target group: priests, members of the selected religious communities highly engaged in religious life and actively involved in community actions.Research subjects for the third stage of the case study:The attitudes towards the religious life and religious engagement of members of the community; towards their role in the community;Level of trust between the religious community; In which terms do people describe their relations and their trust to other members of communityIn which terms do people attending civic actions describe their behavior and the attitudes towards their civic engagement? (In religious terms and explanations, in terms of individual interest or in terms of general civic duties)
13 Bibliographic references Putnam, Robert D.: Bowling Alone. The Collapse and Revival of American Community. New York: Simon & Schuster 2000.Kippenberg, Hans G.:Das Sozialkapital Religioeser Gemeinschaften im Zeitalter der Globalisierung. Zürich: Theologischer Verlag 2006.Knudsen, Brian; Florida, Richard and Rousseau, Denise.: Bridging and Bonding: A Multi-Dimensional Approach to Regional Social Capital. University of Toronto. The Martin Prosperity Institute 2005.Farr, James.: Social Capital: A Conceptual History, Political Theory, No.1. Sage Publications 2004.Norris, Pippa and Inglehart, Ronald.: Religious Organizations and Social Capital. A quarterly publication of the International Center for Not-for- Profit Law (ICNL) 2004.Wheatley, Jonathan.:“Civil society in the Caucasus: Myth and Reality” Caucasus Analytical Digest # 12, Forschungsstelle Osteuropa Bremen and Center for Security Studies Zürich: Heinrich Böll Stiftung 2010.Assessment of Social Capital in Georgia: 2011” conducted by Caucasus Research Recourse Centre (CRRC). Tbilisi: CRRC Publications 2011.