Presentation on theme: "Origins of the Cold War Lesson Objectives: To identify and examine causes of the cold war To assess who was to blame VS."— Presentation transcript:
Origins of the Cold War Lesson Objectives: To identify and examine causes of the cold war To assess who was to blame VS
The Cold War The Cold War was a war involving the USA and the USSR in which no direct fighting actually occurred between the two countries, but tensions were very high. The USA and the USSR in 1945 were two very different countries with very different beliefs: The USA was capitalist The USSR was communist
How are these beliefs different? Capitalism = Where all factors of production (industry, business and agriculture) are owned by private individuals or firms who run them for their own profit. Communism = Where all factors of production (industry, business and agriculture) are owned by the state for the good of everyone.
Leadership Capitalist One leader, voted for by the people Works with Parliament to pass laws Could be from a variety of political parties Communist Ideally no need for a leader - Run by a committee – so no voting Oversees day to day business Only one political party
Factories Capitalist Owned by individuals or companies Develops/ mass produces Sells as much as possible for profit Communist No need for an owner – factory owned by the Government Only makes what is needed by the state Not for profit
Farmers Communist Farmers produce for the state All produce is taken and given out to the people – not for profit Machinery/ equipment is provided by the state Capitalist Farmers produce for own gain Sells food for as much as possible - for profit Personally buys equipment and tools to make work more efficient.
Communism There should only be one political party There should be a variety of political parties for people to choose between Everyone must work for the state People should be free to start their own businesses and make a profit We should only make as many products as we need We should make as many products as we can and sell them for profits Capitalism Fairness and equality for all! Freedom and opportunity for all! We will enforce strict censorship – no-one should criticise the state. We believe in people having freedom of speech on political matters.
World War Two Why did the relationship between the USSR and the USA change during the war?
What happened to ruin relations? Download table sheet on the Origins of Cold War and different sources. You will need to use the source to work out the answers to the following: Fill in your table as you go. Make sure you learn the facts - You will need to be able to explain what happened to the rest of the class when school reopens! 1.What happened? 2.How did this raise tensions between the USSR and the USA? 3.Who was at fault – the USA, the USSR or both?
Challenge Question! Consider the following question before your next lesson: Was the Cold War inevitable?