2Animal Kingdom * Food – Cannot make their own food. * Multi-cellular organisms* They have a nucleus (eukaryotic)* Can move on their own.Reproduction – Asexual and sexualExamples – Humans, crustaceans, spiders, insects, fish, birds, mammals, sponges, hydras, coral, worms, etc.
3Examples of Animals Sea horse Sea anemone butterfly Great White Poison SharkPoisonDartfroghydrahuman
4Plant Kingdom * Food – make their own food by photosynthesis. *Multi-cellular* They have a nucleus (eukaryotic)* Cannot move on their own.Reproduction – Sexually and asexuallyExamples – rose, cactus, grass, daisy, ferns, trees
6Kingdom Fungi * Food – do not make their own food. Decomposers * Unicellular and multicellular.* Have a nucleus (eukaryotic)* Cannot moveReproduction – Sexual and AsexualExamples – yeast, mushrooms, mold, mildew, athletes foot, ringworm
8Kingdom Protists* Food – Some make their own food (plantlike); others cannot (animal-like).* Unicellular and Multi-cellular* They have a nucleus (eukaryotic)* Some can move on their own.Reproduction – AsexualExamples – Euglena, paramecium, amoeba, slime mold, volvox, algae,diatoms, giant kelp
10KINGDOM EUBACTERIA *Food – Some can make their own food: other cannot. * Unicellular organisms.* No Nucleus (prokaryotic)* Some move and other do not.Reproduction – asexualRoles: decomposers, food makers, help digest food, clean oil spills, makes nitrogen rich soil(helps plants grow), etc.
11Examples of Eubacteria AnthraxBacteria help digest foodStrepE. ColiBinary FissionBlue green algae
12Kingdom Archaebacteria This hot, sulfur-rich, acidic pool in Yellowstone National Park is home to species of Archea, including Sulfolobus.Some archaens live 1000’s of miles deep in the ocean near superheated volcanic vents.
13KINGDOM ARCHAEBACTERIA * Food- Some cannot make their own food; others do.* Unicellular organisms* No Nucleus (prokaryotic)* Some can move and other cannotReproduction – asexualThree main types – salt loving, heat loving, and methane makers, harsh environments
14Which kingdom does each organism belong? Let’s PracticeWhich kingdom does each organism belong?EubacteriaAnimalProtistsprotistsplantFungusEubacteriaAnimalArchaebacteriaFungusanimal
15BELLRINGERS Define: living, dead, nonliving. 2. Give examples of living, nonliving and dead objects.3. Describe how you would know if an object is living or nonliving?4. Define: multicellular, unicellular, autotroph, heterotroph5. Define: prokaryotic cell, eukaryotic cell6. Define: taxonomy, classification, kingdom, organism
16Bellringer: Define: classification, taxonomy List 3 ways humans use classification every day.Classification of living things
17THE SCIENCE OF CLASSIFICATION Humans naturally like to put objects into groups in order to make sense out of the world around us.For example, at home you organize your socks from your pants, your forks from your cups.Grouping objects according to their similar characteristics.Classification -Taxonomy -The science of classifying living things.
18WHY CLASSIFY? To know how many known species there are in the world To know the characteristics of each speciesTo know the relationships between species
19SCIENTISTS BEHIND TAXONOMY Aristotle was the first person to come up with a classification system for living things. He divided animals into three groups: those that walked, those that swam and those that flew. Why was this not the best classification system for animals?
20NOT SO FAST ARISTOTLE!!!In the 1700’s, Carolus Linnaeus disagreed with Aristotle’s classification system. He invented the modern classification system we use today. It is called BINOMIAL NOMENCLATURE.Today, scientists group organisms not only by their physical characteristics BUT by their evolutionary relationships (ancient ancestors).
21LINNAEUS’ SYSTEM OF CLASSIFICATION Binomial Nomenclature – A naming system that gives every living thing a TWO word name. This unique two word name is called the SCIENTIFIC NAME.Uses LATIN the language of scientists.Scientific names are always written in italics if typed or underlined if handwrittenThe first word is the GENUS and is always CAPITALIZED.The second word is the SPECIES and is always LOWER CASE.
227 LEVELS OF CLASSIFICATION 126.96.36.199.4.5.6.SpeciesKingdomPhylum**A scientific name isthe genus and species.ClassKatiePutCreamOnFreshGreenStrawberriesOrderFamilyGenus
23WHY TWO NAMES FOR EVERYTHING? Because people speak in more than one languageBecause people give objects more than one name.for example:What is the name of this cat?Mountain lionAll are correct but its ONE scientific name is Felis concolorpumacougarAmericanLion
24LET’S PRACTICE Which scientific names are written correctly? HOMO SAPIENFelis domesticusTyrannosaurus rexCanis Lupuspanthera leoelephas Maximus
25LOOKING FOR RELATIONSHIPS Remember that one of the goals of classification is to find out how certain living things may be related to one another.What makes a living thing part of the Animal Kingdom?Cannot make its own foodEukaryoticLocomotionMulticellularARE ALL OF THESE ANIMALS?
267 LEVELS OF CLASSIFICATION 188.8.131.52.4.5.6.SpeciesKingdomPhylum**A scientific name isthe genus and species.ClassKatiePutCreamOnFreshGreenStrawberriesOrderFamilyGenus
28Phylogeny – the evolutionary history of an organism PHYLOGENY OF MAN Kingdom - AnimaliaPhylum - Chordata (having a spinal cord)Class - Mammalia (have hair, give milk)Order - Primates (walk mostly on 2 legs)Family - Homindae (advanced brain that can think and reason)Genus - HomoSpecies - sapien
29PHYLOGENY OF THE WOLF Kingdom - Animalia Phylum - Chordata Class - MammaliaOrder - CarnivoraFamily - CanidaeGenus - CanisSpecies - lupus