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Programs of the Intel Education Initiative are funded by the Intel Foundation and Intel Corporation. Copyright © 2007 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.

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Presentation on theme: "Programs of the Intel Education Initiative are funded by the Intel Foundation and Intel Corporation. Copyright © 2007 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved."— Presentation transcript:

1 Programs of the Intel Education Initiative are funded by the Intel Foundation and Intel Corporation. Copyright © 2007 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved. Intel and Intel Education are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Copyright Chaos A Detailed Look at an Educator's Guide to Copyright Law and Fair Use Presentation created for the Intel ® Teach Program Essentials Course

2 Programs of the Intel Education Initiative are funded by the Intel Foundation and Intel Corporation. Copyright © 2007 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved. Intel and Intel Education are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Copyright What is copyright? The exclusive right to produce or reproduce (copy), to perform in public, or to publish an original literary or artistic work. –Duhaime's Law Dictionary Almost everything created privately and originally after March 1, 1989 is copyrighted and protected whether it has a notice or not.

3 Programs of the Intel Education Initiative are funded by the Intel Foundation and Intel Corporation. Copyright © 2007 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved. Intel and Intel Education are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Duration of Copyright How long does copyright last? Anything created after January 1, 1978 is ordinarily given a term enduring for the author's life plus an additional 70 years after the author's death. For works made for hire (e.g., copyright held by companies), the duration of copyright will be 95 years from publication or 120 years from creation, whichever is shorter. Click for Details

4 Programs of the Intel Education Initiative are funded by the Intel Foundation and Intel Corporation. Copyright © 2007 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved. Intel and Intel Education are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. PublishedConditionsPublic Domain Status Before 1923NoneNow in public domain Between 1923 and 1978 Published without a copyright notice Now in public domain Between 1978 and March 1, 1989 Published without copyright notice, and no subsequent registration Now in public domain Between 1923 and 1963 Published with copyright notice, but not renewed Now in public domain (85% of copyrights were not renewed) Between 1923 and 1963 Published with copyright notice and was renewed 95 years after publication date Between 1964 and 1978 Published with copyright notice 95 years after publication date After March 1, 1989 None (no copyright notice needs to appear) 70 years after death of author; or if work of corporate authorship, either 95 years from publication or 120 years from creation, whichever is shorter Duration of Copyright

5 Programs of the Intel Education Initiative are funded by the Intel Foundation and Intel Corporation. Copyright © 2007 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved. Intel and Intel Education are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Items Not Copyrighted What is not copyrighted? –Works that have not been fixed in a tangible form of expression (have not been written or recorded) –Ideas, procedures, methods, systems, processes, concepts, principles, discoveries, or devices, as distinguished from a description, explanation, or illustration –Works consisting entirely of information that is common property and containing no original authorship (for example: standard calendars, height and weight charts, tape measures and rulers, etc.) –Logical, comprehensive compilations (such as the telephone book) –Materials or reprints of materials in the public domain (all prior to 1923; most between ; additional information at –Most U.S. government materials (some items created by contractors for the government might be copyrighted) –Facts

6 Programs of the Intel Education Initiative are funded by the Intel Foundation and Intel Corporation. Copyright © 2007 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved. Intel and Intel Education are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Fair Use Clause Educators get a break with a fair use" clause. Sec. 107 of the Fair Use Provision of the Copyright Act states: –Limitations on exclusive right: Fair use. Notwithstanding the provisions of sections 106 and 106A, the fair use of a copyrighted work, including such use by reproduction in copies or phonorecords or by any other means specified by that section, for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching (including multiple copies for classroom use), scholarship, or research, is not an infringement of copyright.

7 Programs of the Intel Education Initiative are funded by the Intel Foundation and Intel Corporation. Copyright © 2007 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved. Intel and Intel Education are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Four Factors Help Determine Fair Use 1.The purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes –You must be using it for educational use, not just using it in a school environment 2.The nature of the copyrighted work –Fair use applies more narrowly to highly creative worksin comparison to those that are mostly fact-based in nature 3.The amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole –Consideration of quantity & quality...using only what is necessary and not the heart of the work 4.The effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work –The copying should not harm the market for the original work –Copying materials from consumables, such as workbooks, weigh heavily against fair use

8 Programs of the Intel Education Initiative are funded by the Intel Foundation and Intel Corporation. Copyright © 2007 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved. Intel and Intel Education are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Fair Use Guidelines So it would seem that its fair use if… The copying is for educational use The original material is mainly facts and lacks originality You use portions to make your point, not whole sections Youre not taking potential sales away from the original –Youre not providing copies just so your school doesnt have to pay for the books (or original source materials).

9 Programs of the Intel Education Initiative are funded by the Intel Foundation and Intel Corporation. Copyright © 2007 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved. Intel and Intel Education are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Fair Use Guidelines However, following fair use is not as easy as you might think. Between , a group of publishers and educators gathered to agree to more specific guidelines so educators wont be sued for copyright infringement when they were thinking their copying was fair use. The result was the creation of Fair Use Guidelines for Educational Multimedia

10 Programs of the Intel Education Initiative are funded by the Intel Foundation and Intel Corporation. Copyright © 2007 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved. Intel and Intel Education are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Fair Use Guidelines for Educational Multimedia The Fair Use Guidelines for Educational Multimedia is not a legal document, but only an interpretation of the Copyright Act of 1976 by CONFU, a group of educational users, and copyright owners. Although the guidelines have no legal binding, on Sept. 27, 1996, Subcommittee on Courts and Intellectual Property, Committee on the Judiciary, U. S. House of Representatives issued a non-legislative report acknowledging the guidelines. The Fair Use Guidelines for Educational Multimedia only applies to educators who produce multimedia.

11 Programs of the Intel Education Initiative are funded by the Intel Foundation and Intel Corporation. Copyright © 2007 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved. Intel and Intel Education are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Guidelines for Students Students and educators have separate guidelines. Students may: incorporate portions of lawfully acquired copyrighted works when producing their own educational multimedia projects for a specific course; perform and display their own projects in the course for which they were created; and retain them in their own portfolios as examples of their academic work for later personal uses such as job and school interviews.

12 Programs of the Intel Education Initiative are funded by the Intel Foundation and Intel Corporation. Copyright © 2007 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved. Intel and Intel Education are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Educator Guidelines Educators may: Incorporate portions of lawfully acquired copyrighted works when producing educational multimedia projects to support their teaching needs Present their projects in the following situations: –Face-to-face instruction –Assigned to students for directed self-study –Remote instruction (with limitations) Retain their projects indefinitely for the following purposes: –To perform or display in presentations to their peers, for example, at workshops and conferences –To retain in their personal portfolios for personal uses such as promotion or job interviews

13 Programs of the Intel Education Initiative are funded by the Intel Foundation and Intel Corporation. Copyright © 2007 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved. Intel and Intel Education are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Educator Guidelines Educators may use their projects for teaching, for a period of up to two years after the first instructional use with a class. Instructional use beyond that time period requires permission for each copyrighted portion incorporated in the production.

14 Programs of the Intel Education Initiative are funded by the Intel Foundation and Intel Corporation. Copyright © 2007 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved. Intel and Intel Education are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Limitations on Size/Portions for Both Educators and Students 1 Motion Media –Up to 10% or 3 minutes, whichever is less, of a single copyrighted motion media work. Text Material –Up to 10% or 1000 words, whichever is less, of a single copyrighted work of text. Text Material - Poems –An entire poem of less than 250 words, –but no more than three poems by one poet, –or five poems by different poets from any single anthology. In Poems of Greater Length –Up to 250 words, –but no more than three excerpts by a single poet, –or five excerpts by different poets from a single anthology. 1 Although all students are to be given instruction on appropriate use, it is understood that students in kindergarten through grade six may not be able to adhere to these limitations.

15 Programs of the Intel Education Initiative are funded by the Intel Foundation and Intel Corporation. Copyright © 2007 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved. Intel and Intel Education are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Limitations on Size/Portions for Both Educators and Students 1 Music, Lyrics, and Music Video –Up to 10% –but no more than 30 seconds of music and lyrics from a single musical work –Any alterations to a musical work shall not change the basic melody or the fundamental character of the work Illustrations and Photographs –A photograph or illustration may be used in its entirety. –No more than 5 images by an artist or photographer. –Not more than 10% or 15 images, whichever is less, from a single published collected work. Numerical Data Sets –Up to 10% or 2500 fields or cell entries, whichever is less, from a database or data table. 1 Although all students are to be given instruction on appropriate use, it is understood that students in kindergarten through grade six may not be able to adhere to these limitations.

16 Programs of the Intel Education Initiative are funded by the Intel Foundation and Intel Corporation. Copyright © 2007 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved. Intel and Intel Education are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Copying and Distribution Limitations Including the original, only a limited number of copies may be made of a project: Two use copies An additional copy for preservation Each principal creator may retain one copy

17 Programs of the Intel Education Initiative are funded by the Intel Foundation and Intel Corporation. Copyright © 2007 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved. Intel and Intel Education are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Attribution and Acknowledgement Credit the sources and display the copyright notice © and copyright ownership information for all incorporated works including those prepared under fair use. Copyright ownership information includes: – © (the copyright notice) – year of first publication – name of the copyright holder e.g., © 2001 Company/Persons Name Crediting the source: –Give a full bibliographic description where available (including author, title, publisher, and place and date of publication). The credit and copyright notice information may be combined in on a separate page/slide…Except for images: –Copyright notice and the name of the creator must be incorporated into the image so that it appears on the screen when the image is viewed.

18 Programs of the Intel Education Initiative are funded by the Intel Foundation and Intel Corporation. Copyright © 2007 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved. Intel and Intel Education are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Notice of Use Restrictions The opening screen of a program and any accompanying print material must include a notice that: Certain materials are included under the fair use exemption of the U.S. Copyright Law Materials are included in accordance with the multimedia fair use guidelines Materials are restricted from further use

19 Programs of the Intel Education Initiative are funded by the Intel Foundation and Intel Corporation. Copyright © 2007 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved. Intel and Intel Education are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Future Uses Beyond Fair Use If there is a possibility that a project could result in broader dissemination [for instance, publication on the Internet]: obtain permissions when you create it, rather than waiting.

20 Programs of the Intel Education Initiative are funded by the Intel Foundation and Intel Corporation. Copyright © 2007 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved. Intel and Intel Education are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Obtaining Permission Obtain permission when you need it. Sample permission letters are available on the Curriculum Resource CD –Resources folder, Copyright Resources Permission letters to copyright owners Permission letters to parents to publish student work An example letter to use in this course

21 Programs of the Intel Education Initiative are funded by the Intel Foundation and Intel Corporation. Copyright © 2007 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved. Intel and Intel Education are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Guidelines Remember... these are guidelines, not laws. If you feel that any of these guidelines are too restrictive and you want to follow your own instincts about what is fair use, you are free to do so (within your district guidelines, of course). However, realize that the further you venture from these guidelines, the more likely you are to be outside of fair use.

22 Programs of the Intel Education Initiative are funded by the Intel Foundation and Intel Corporation. Copyright © 2007 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved. Intel and Intel Education are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Software Copyright What about software? Use of software does not fall under fair use! Public or private educational institutions are not exempt from the software copyright laws. When you purchase software, you are only purchasing a license to use the software – you dont own it.

23 Programs of the Intel Education Initiative are funded by the Intel Foundation and Intel Corporation. Copyright © 2007 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved. Intel and Intel Education are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Copying Software I can make copies for my own use…right? Anyone who purchases a license for a single copy of software has the right to load it onto a single computer and to make another copy "for archival purposes only." Any other use than archival must be approved by the copyright owner.

24 Programs of the Intel Education Initiative are funded by the Intel Foundation and Intel Corporation. Copyright © 2007 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved. Intel and Intel Education are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Loading and Downloading Software Unless you have specific permission from the copyright owner… It is illegal to: Purchase a single user license and load it onto multiple computers or a server Download copyrighted software from the Internet or bulletin boards Load the software your school purchased onto your computer at home

25 Programs of the Intel Education Initiative are funded by the Intel Foundation and Intel Corporation. Copyright © 2007 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved. Intel and Intel Education are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Shareware What about shareware? Shareware is software that is passed out freely for evaluation purposes only. You are allowed to try it out before you pay for it. Evaluation time is usually 30 days. If you wish to keep the software program, then you must pay to keep your evaluation copy. Shareware is often fairly inexpensive.

26 Programs of the Intel Education Initiative are funded by the Intel Foundation and Intel Corporation. Copyright © 2007 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved. Intel and Intel Education are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Freeware Freeware is also covered by copyright laws and subject to the conditions defined by the holder of the copyright. You can distribute freeware, but not make any money on it. You can modify and build other software programs based on the freeware, but those new programs cannot be sold for profit.

27 Programs of the Intel Education Initiative are funded by the Intel Foundation and Intel Corporation. Copyright © 2007 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved. Intel and Intel Education are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Public Domain Software Only Public Domain Software is Truly Free. Copyright rights have been relinquished. There are no distribution restrictions. You can modify the original software and build new software. You can sell your modified software.

28 Programs of the Intel Education Initiative are funded by the Intel Foundation and Intel Corporation. Copyright © 2007 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved. Intel and Intel Education are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Resources For Copyright and Fair Use

29 Programs of the Intel Education Initiative are funded by the Intel Foundation and Intel Corporation. Copyright © 2007 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved. Intel and Intel Education are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Resources Additional resources to help you and your students understand and follow copyright law and fair use guidelines are located in the Resources, Copyright Resources folder on the Curriculum Resource CD. Fair Use Guidelines For Educational Multimedia Prepared by the Educational Multimedia Fair Use Guidelines Development Committee, July 17, Fair Use Of Copyrighted Materials by Georgia Harper, University of Texas Copyright Basics by the U.S. Copyright Office The Copyright Website by Benedict OMahoney Copyright Law in the Electronic Environment by Georgia Harper, University of Texas

30 Programs of the Intel Education Initiative are funded by the Intel Foundation and Intel Corporation. Copyright © 2007 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved. Intel and Intel Education are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Resources 10 Big Myths about Copyright Explained by Brad Templeton Duhaime's Legal Dictionary by Lloyd Duhaime Copyright Term and the Public Domain in the United States by Peter B. Hirtle, Cornell Institute for Digital Collection Rules Of Thumb For Digitizing And Using Others' Works In Multimedia Materials For Educational Purposes by Georgia Harper, University of Texas

31 Programs of the Intel Education Initiative are funded by the Intel Foundation and Intel Corporation. Copyright © 2007 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved. Intel and Intel Education are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Resources Rules Of Thumb For Coursepacks by Georgia Harper, University of Texas A Proposal For Educational Fair Use Guidelines For Digital Images by Georgia Harper, University of Texas List of Links to Other Copyright Sites by Georgia Harper, University of Texas Fair Use Guidelines for Multimedia by Intel ® Education

32 Programs of the Intel Education Initiative are funded by the Intel Foundation and Intel Corporation. Copyright © 2007 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved. Intel and Intel Education are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Information on Software Copyright Fact Sheet on School Software Use by Software & Information Industry Association (SIIA) Digital Anarchy: Part One of an Analysis of Software Piracy by David Laprad The Federation Against Software Theft (FAST) (United Kingdom organization) Anti-Piracy FAQ by Software & Information Industry Association (SIIA) Permissible Copying of Software by Georgia Harper, University of Texas

33 Programs of the Intel Education Initiative are funded by the Intel Foundation and Intel Corporation. Copyright © 2007 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved. Intel and Intel Education are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Use of this Presentation This presentation is copyrighted by Intel. –It may be used, with copyright notices intact, for not- for-profit, educational purposes.

34 Programs of the Intel Education Initiative are funded by the Intel Foundation and Intel Corporation. Copyright © 2007 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved. Intel and Intel Education are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others.


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