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Measuring ecosystems and biodiversity and related goods and services a proposal in progress EASD Statistics Canada February 23, 2011.

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Presentation on theme: "Measuring ecosystems and biodiversity and related goods and services a proposal in progress EASD Statistics Canada February 23, 2011."— Presentation transcript:

1 Measuring ecosystems and biodiversity and related goods and services a proposal in progress EASD Statistics Canada February 23, 2011

2 31/12/2013 Statistics Canada Statistique Canada 2 Outline Context for the proposal The need Who is doing what? Whats an ecosystem account? The opportunity Components of proposal Spatial (place) biophysical (quality) monetary (value) Timeline & next steps

3 31/12/2013 Statistics Canada Statistique Canada 3 Context for the proposal The need Ecosystems: Support life & well-being Ecosystems are deteriorating (Millennium Ecosystem Assessment2005) (PDF)Millennium Ecosystem Assessment2005 Need better data and methodologies to include ecosystem values into economic analysis of policy decisions

4 31/12/2013 Statistics Canada Statistique Canada 4 Context for the proposal Who is doing what? Environment Canada: Ecosystem Status and Trends Report (ESTR) (PDF) Ecosystem Status and Trends Report (ESTR) CESI and FSDS include biodiversity and ecosystem quality indicators Ecosystem services valuation work –Databases of valuation studies (www.evri.ca)www.evri.ca –Importance of nature to Canadians study –Recent valuations of Nahanni National Park Extension (PDF) (Edéhzhíe Candidate Protected Area)valuationsNahanni National Park Extension –EG&S values for boundaries of protected areas Ramparts DM Committee on Climate Change, Energy and Environment –Research paper on biodiversity (PDF)biodiversity –Impacts of and resilience to climate change

5 31/12/2013 Statistics Canada Statistique Canada 5 Context for the proposal Who is doing what? Other federal departments NRCan –Canada Forest Service, Ecosystem Impact –Long-term sustainability of resources –National Atlas, Centre for Remote Sensing (Land use) –Impacts of climate change DFO: Marine ecosystems, fish habitat, Species at Risk, regulatory cost-benefit, Marine Protected Areas (map)Marine Protected Areas AAFC: Agri-environmental indicators, regulatory and program cost-benefit, integrated environmental-economic modelling

6 31/12/2013 Statistics Canada Statistique Canada 6 Context for the proposal Who is doing what? Internationally TEEB: The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (PDF) TEEB: The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity –UNEP-led intersecretariat effort to include ecosystem values in economic decisions –Suggest ecosystem and ecosystem service classification UN-SEEA/London Group –SEEA 2003 defines land and ecosystem accounts (PDF) in terms of land-use and land cover matricesland and ecosystem accounts –Suggest quality measures for land cover units –Collaborate on work by European Environmental Agency to standardize ecosystem services (CICES) (PDF)ecosystem services CICES

7 31/12/2013 Statistics Canada Statistique Canada 7 Context for the proposal Who is doing what? Internationally World Bank using TEEB methodology and framework as a basis for Global Partnership for Ecosystems and Ecosystem Services Valuation and Wealth Accounting (PDF)Global Partnership for Ecosystems and Ecosystem Services Valuation and Wealth Accounting –Still no statistical approach to ecosystem services valuation (using TEEB) –STC working on Natural Capital chapter to UN-ECE Task Force on Sustainable Development (TFSD) which is reviewing the state of the science and will recommend classifications and approaches IPBES (PDF) = Intergovernmental Science-policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (www.ipbes.net) IPBESwww.ipbes.net

8 31/12/2013 Statistics Canada Statistique Canada 8 Context for the proposal Who is doing what? Internationally Australia moving ahead with regional ecosystem accounts (PDF) based on measures of ecosystem health in terms of deviation from reference conditionsregional ecosystem accounts Norway has already completed a Biodiversity Index (PDF) also based on distance from reference conditionBiodiversity Index UK also produces several ecosystem-based indicators (PDF) (such as fragmentation)ecosystem-based indicators EuroStat includes chapter on biodiversity and land use in report on Environmental Statistics and Accounts for Europe (PDF)Environmental Statistics and Accounts for Europe

9 31/12/2013 Statistics Canada Statistique Canada 9 Context for the proposal What is an ecosystem account? 1.Spatially-referenced cover data Various times in past and as close to present as possible As detailed as possible Include terrestrial, freshwater, coasts, wetlands and marine ecosystems Classified according to standards for ecosystemsstandards for ecosystems 2.Linked to measures of ecosystem goods and services (quality) Such as air quality, water quality, species diversity, ecosystem productivity, land cover Classified according to ecosystem servicesecosystem services 3.Methodology and standards for assigning monetary values to areas of various qualities

10 31/12/2013 Statistics Canada Statistique Canada 10 Context for the proposal Opportunity: Build on what Statistics Canada has now Good spatial infrastructure including land cover and socio-economic data (e.g., settlements, population by ecozone and drainage area)land coversettlements Experience in working with biophysical data (air quality, water quality, water supply, GHGs, industrial processes,...) Expertise in valuation of natural resource stocks, other environmental accounts (material flows, water, land); coherent with SEEA and linked to SNA

11 31/12/2013 Statistics Canada Statistique Canada 11 Components of the proposal Propose to leverage our strengths by Improving existing spatial infrastructure More detailed spatial data (including remote sensing) Linking land cover with EG&S Working with stakeholders to standardize and integrate biophysical data into environmental accounts Developing quality measures linked to ecosystem goods and services Integrate existing data into spatial framework for place- based analysis Collaborate with partners on new biophysical data collection and dissemination Developing EG&S and human activities relationship (discuss) Work with stakeholders and international community to expand methodology for valuation to EG&S

12 31/12/2013 Statistics Canada Statistique Canada 12 Timeline and next steps Timeline Dec. 22, 2010 – teleconference with EC Jan. 21, 2011 – distribution of draft short proposal Mid-Feb. 2011 – development of more detailed proposal with activities, pilot studies and deliverables in consultation with stakeholders March 17 – final short proposal to PRDG March 31 – full costed proposal to PRDG April 27, 2011 – decision on funding from PRDG ?? April 28, 2011 – commencement of project Next steps Discuss specific deliverables with stakeholders Define possible joint projects

13 Last slide... Questions? Ideas? Links to your subject matter Pilot studies Specific activities Contributions Departmental contacts Reference Materials 31/12/2013 Statistics Canada Statistique Canada 13

14 Marine Protected Areas (MPA); 31/12/2013 Statistics Canada Statistique Canada 14 back

15 Edéhzhíe NPV of benefits for status quo vs. alternative scenario for a 30-year PeriodArea 31/12/2013 Statistics Canada Statistique Canada 15 Benefit/Cost (in million $) SQ (Development)Alternative (Protection) 8%3.50%0%8%3.50%0% Net Benefits of Mining$67$134$241 Tourism $15$27$48 Existence$555$579$600$556$581$601 Waterfowl$184$301$491$184$301$491 Caribou$29$47$76$29$47$76 Carbon $48,041 $50,124 $51,874 $48,160 $50,254 $52,013 Cost - O&M$0.70$0.80$0.91 NPV of Benefits $48,876 $51,186 $53,282 $48,943 $51,208 $53,228 back

16 Total economic value (TEV) 31/12/2013 Statistics Canada Statistique Canada 16

17 Carbon-budget model was used to estimate the carbon stock and net carbon flux in the Edéhzhíe Candidate Protected Area backback 31/12/2013 Statistics Canada Statistique Canada 17

18 31/12/2013 Statistics Canada Statistique Canada 18 back

19 Land Cover classification; EASDs vs. proposed SEEA classes 31/12/2013 Statistics Canada Statistique Canada 19

20 31/12/2013 Statistics Canada Statistique Canada 20 back

21 CICES Ecosystem Main service types PROVISIONING SERVICES 1 Food (e.g. fish, game, fruit) 2 Water (e.g. for drinking, irrigation, cooling) 3 Raw Materials (e.g. fibre, timber, fuel wood, fodder, fertilizer) 4 Genetic resources (e.g. for crop-improvement and medicinal purposes) 5 Medicinal resources (e.g. biochemical products, models & test-organisms) 6 Ornamental resources (e.g. artisan work, decorative plants, pet animals, fashion) REGULATING SERVICES 7 Air quality regulation (e.g. capturing (fine) dust, chemicals, etc) 8 Climate regulation (incl. C-sequestration, influence of veg. on rainfall, etc.) 9 Moderation of extreme events (e.g. storm protection and flood prevention) 10 Regulation of water flows (e.g. natural drainage, irrigation and drought prevention) 11 Waste treatment (esp. water purification) 12 Erosion prevention 13 Maintenance of soil fertility (incl. soil formation) 14 Pollination 15 Biological control (e.g. seed dispersal, pest and disease control) HABITAT SERVICES 16 Maintenance of life cycles of migratory species (incl. nursery service) 17 Maintenance of genetic diversity (esp. gene pool protection) CULTURAL SERVICES 18 Aesthetic information 19 Opportunities for recreation & tourism 20 Inspiration for culture, art and design 21 Spiritual experience 22 Information for cognitive development 31/12/2013 Statistics Canada Statistique Canada 21


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