Presentation on theme: "Teaching Information Literacy: Frameworks and Activities Trudi Jacobson Coordinator of User Education Programs University at Albany"— Presentation transcript:
Teaching Information Literacy: Frameworks and Activities Trudi Jacobson Coordinator of User Education Programs University at Albany
Focus of the Day Active Learning: Exploration of the Technique Motivating Students Opportunity to Revise an Instruction Session
What do you hope to get out of this workshop?
Workshop Goals Become familiar with advantages (and challenges) of active learning/teaching Learn a number of ways to incorporate active learning into the IL classroom Understand affective issues Explore motivational techniques Begin to incorporate these techniques into a lesson plan
Why should we encourage active learning in our classes?
Constructed Learning Students are not a vessel to fill with knowledge Active learners work with information to derive meaning and understanding It is important for students to form new mental representations of the material Students construct and reconstruct new knowledge based on their experiences
The test of a good teacher…is, Do you regard learning as a noun or a verb? If as a noun, as a thing to be possessed and passed along, then you present your truths, neatly packaged, to your students.
But if you see learning as a verb, the process is different. The good teacher has learning, but tries to instill in students the desire to learn, and demonstrates the ways one goes about learning. Schorske, cited in McCleery (1986)
If a teacher covers the material, does that mean that students have learned? Or does learning mean engaging the students? Usually, teachers should cut down on what they cover and find creative ways to engage students in the subject matter. Oxman-Mitchelli
Learning is not a spectator sport. Students do not learn much just sitting in class listening to teachers… They must talk about what they are learning, write about it, relate it to past experiences, apply it to their daily lives. They must make what they learn part of themselves. Chickering and Gamson
Advantages of Active Learning Retention Rates Attention Span Affective Factors Learning Styles
Examples of Active Learning Techniques Ideas from the literature Ideas for freshmen (and others) Ideas connected to Internet evaluation
Examples of Active Learning Techniques What techniques are you using?
Active Learning in the Classroom DrawbacksSolutions
Freewriting Flexible When What Why Quick Revealing
Tips Start small Borrow tested ideas and methods Work with a colleague Share ideas Co-teach Observe and comment Keep a journal
Another Freewriting Example What one thing from this session did you find most useful? Please jot down one question you still have.
Motivating Students Extrinsic motivation External and tangible Intrinsic motivation Internal and intangible
ARCS Model Attention Relevance Confidence Satisfaction John Keller Strategies for Stimulating the Motivation to Learn
ARCSAttention Capture interest and stimulate curiosity to learn New approaches Environmental change Varied activities
ARCSRelevance Meet personal needs and goals Share goals and objectives Familiar examples
ARCSConfidence Help learners feel they will succeed and can control their success What is expected of them Mastery experiences
ARCSSatisfaction Reinforce accomplishment with rewards (internal and external) Application opportunities
Practical Motivators Teaching behaviors Course design elements Active engagement Autonomy Authentic assessment