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K. V. Petrides Trait emotional intelligence K.V. Petrides London Psychometric Laboratory Department of Psychology, University College London, UK E-mail:

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Presentation on theme: "K. V. Petrides Trait emotional intelligence K.V. Petrides London Psychometric Laboratory Department of Psychology, University College London, UK E-mail:"— Presentation transcript:

1 K. V. Petrides Trait emotional intelligence K.V. Petrides London Psychometric Laboratory Department of Psychology, University College London, UK Google: trait EI October 2009, NTU Taipei

2 K. V. Petrides Aims To give an indication of the main divisions of the research programme To mention, as opposed to explain, core research findings –All papers are downloadable from To bring to your attention the range of assessment materials available via LPL October 2009, NTU Taipei

3 K. V. Petrides Background & milestones Thornikes social intelligence. Gardners (1983) multiple intelligences. –Intrapersonal intelligence –Interpersonal intelligence Emotional intelligence as a term appears in Greenspan (1989), Leuner (1966), Payne (1986). Salovey & Mayer (1990) Goleman (1995) Petrides and colleagues (2000-) –Trait EI versus Ability EI –Trait emotional intelligence research programme October 2009, NTU Taipei

4 K. V. Petrides Operationalization of EI Two crucial issues are involved in the operationalization of EI (and of any other construct): –What is the sampling domain of construct? –How do we measure the various components of the sampling domain? Until recently – and even now – the first question was resolved by having as many sampling domains and EI definitions as researchers in the field. Until recently – and even now – the second question was not even considered, with researchers assuming that the use of self-report or maximum-performance tests has no implications for operationalization. October 2009, NTU Taipei

5 K. V. Petrides Trait EI vs ability EI Ability EI (or cognitive-emotional ability) in theory encompasses emotion-related cognitive abilities and should be measured via maximum-performance tests (although this has not proved possible). Trait EI (or trait emotional self-efficacy) encompasses emotion-related dispositions and self- perceptions and should be measured via self-report questionnaires. October 2009, NTU Taipei

6 K. V. Petrides Trait EI vs ability EI II October 2009, NTU Taipei

7 KV Petrides Veridical scoring in IQ tests Ravens matrices Nonverbal analogies The existence of single, invariant, and objectively derived correct response is a defining characteristic of intelligence testing.

8 K. V. Petrides Operationalization of ability EI If ability EI is a new cognitive ability, then items or tasks with emotional content need to be developed such that they can be scored according to truly veridical criteria. In other words, the construct in its entirety ought to be assessed through items that can be responded to correctly or incorrectly. Is it possible to develop EI items along cognitive ability lines? –NO: emotional experience is inherently subjective (Brody, 2004; Locke, 2005; Pérez, Petrides, & Furnham, 2005; Watson, 2000). October 2009, NTU Taipei

9 K. V. Petrides Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT) October 2009, NTU Taipei

10 K. V. Petrides MSCEIT II Brody, N. (2004). What cognitive intelligence is and what emotional intelligence is not. Psychological Inquiry, 15, Conte, J. M. (2005). A review and critique of emotional intelligence measures. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 26, Keele, S. M. & Bell, R. C. (2008). The factorial validity of emotional intelligence: An unresolved issue. Personality and individual differences, 44, Ortony, A., Revelle, W., & Zinbarg, R. (2007). Why emotional intelligence needs a fluid component. In G. Matthews, M. Zeidner, & R. D. Roberts (Eds.), The science of emotional intelligence. Knowns and unknowns - Series in Affective Science (pp ). Oxford: Oxford University Press. OSullivan, M., & Ekman, P. (2005). Facial expression recognition and emotional intelligence. In G. Geher, (Ed.). Measuring emotional intelligence: Common ground and controversy. Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishing. Rossen, E., Kranzler, J. H., & Algina, J. (2008). Confirmatory factor analysis of the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test V2.0 (MSCEIT). Personality and Individual Differences, 44, Wilhelm, O. (2005). Measures of emotional intelligence: practice and standards. In R. Schulze, & R. D. Roberts (Eds.), International handbook of emotional intelligence (pp ). Seattle, WA: Hogrefe & Huber.

11 K. V. Petrides Trait emotional intelligence October 2009, NTU Taipei

12 K. V. Petrides Trait EI Trait emotional intelligence is a constellation of emotion-related self-perceptions located at the lower levels of personality hierarchies (Petrides, Pita, & Kokkinaki, 2007). The trait EI sampling domain aims to provide comprehensive coverage of the emotion-related aspects of personality. Trait EI rejects the notion that emotions can be artificially objectified in order to be made amenable to veridical scoring, along IQ lines. An alternative label for the construct is trait emotional self-efficacy. October 2009, NTU Taipei

13 K. V. Petrides The sampling domain of trait EI Petrides & Furnham (2001; EJP): October 2009, NTU Taipei

14 K. V. Petrides October 2009, NTU Taipei

15 K. V. Petrides Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire (TEIQue, TEIQue-SF, TEIQue-ASF, TEIQue-CF,TEIQue 360 o ) 153 items, 15 subscales, 4 factors, global trait EI score. TEIQue translations –Greek –French –Spanish –Chinese –Portuguese –Dutch –Norwegian –Croatian –Serbian –Italian TEIQue-SF –30 items, global trait EI score Adolescent TEIQue-ASF TEIQue 360 o Theory-based Research-based Peer-reviewed Open-access October 2009, NTU Taipei

16 K. V. Petrides Trait EI factor structure October 2009, NTU Taipei

17 K. V. Petrides Trait EI: Experimental studies Petrides & Furnham, 2003; EJP Tension & Depression Anger & VigourConfusion & Total POMS N = 30; Residualized Trait EI scores October 2009, NTU Taipei

18 July 2009, Athens GREECE K. V. Petrides November, 2007, UCLan, UK Trait EI and academic performance I Petrides, Frederickson, & Furnham, 2004; N = 650; PAID

19 KV Petrides Trait EI and academic performance II +1 SD Petrides, Frederickson, & Furnham, 2004; N = 650; PAID

20 KV Petrides Trait EI and academic performance III Petrides, Frederickson, & Furnham, 2004; N = 650; PAID

21 K. V. PetridesKV Petrides Trait EI and behaviour at school Pupils with high trait EI scores tend to have fewer unauthorised absences (truancy). Pupils with high trait EI scores are less likely have been expelled from their school for serious breaches of discipline (exclusions). <.05 Petrides, Frederickson, & Furnham, 2004; PAID October 2009, NTU Taipei

22 K. V. PetridesKV Petrides Self- and other-ratings of trait EI Petrides et al., Psicothema, 2006 ; N = 35 ballet students Petrides, Sangareau, Furnham, & Frederickson, 2006; 10.8 years; Soc Dev Mavroveli, Petrides, Rieffe, & Bakker, 2007; BJDP

23 K. V. Petrides Trait EI in children I Mavroveli, Petrides, Shove, & Whitehead, 2008; ECAP October 2009, NTU Taipei

24 K. V. Petrides Trait EI in children II Mavroveli, Petrides, Shove, & Whitehead, 2008; ECAP October 2009, NTU Taipei

25 K. V. Petrides Trait EI in children III Mavroveli, Petrides, Sangareau, & Furnham, 2009; BJEP October 2009, NTU Taipei

26 K. V. Petrides Trait EI and teen self-harm Mikolajczak, Petrides, & Hurry, 2009; BJHP October 2009, NTU Taipei

27 K. V. Petrides Trait EI and communicative anxiety Dewaele, Petrides, & Furnham, 2008; Language Learning L1; N = 425L2; N = 406 October 2009, NTU Taipei

28 K. V. Petrides Trait EI in Aspergers Syndrome October 2009, NTU Taipei

29 July 2009, Athens GREECE K. V. Petrides Behavioral genetics of trait EI Vernon, Petrides, Bratko, & Shermer, J. A. (2008); Emotion

30 K. V. Petrides Trait EI and big five – Genetic analysis Vernon, Villani, Aitken Schermer, & Petrides, 2008; TRHG NEOAC October 2009, NTU Taipei

31 K. V. Petrides Trait EI and humor styles – Genetic analysis Vernon et al., 2009; JID October 2009, NTU Taipei

32 K. V. Petrides Gender differences in trait EI TEIQue data; N = 351; p = ns Overall, small or non-existent gender differences in global trait EI scores. Modified EQ-i data; N = 166; p <.01 TEIQue-SF data; N = 668; p <.01 Schutte et al. scale data; N = 260; p = ns Petrides, Furnham, & Martin (2004); N = 224; JSP

33 K. V. Petrides Incremental validity of trait EI N = 200 N = 212; Spain Petrides, Pérez, & Furnham, 2007; C & E

34 Trait SI - Definition The domain of SI lacks the objectivity required to be amenable to maximum- performance measurement. Trait SI (or trait social self-efficacy) is a constellation of social self- perceptions located at the lower levels of hierarchical personality structures. K. V. Petrides October 2009, NTU Taipei

35 K. V. Petrides The sampling domain of trait SI Sampling domain: NegotiatingPerspective taking Communicative anxiety NetworkingSavoir vivre Social forecasting Social relationships Social confidence Social attentiveness Managing others Understanding others Social desirability Teamwork/coop eration Social adaptability Social interest/social empathy October 2009, NTU Taipei

36 K. V. Petrides Trait Social Intelligence Questionnaire (v. 1.5) (TSIQue & TSIQue-SF) All versions and forms available free for research purposes Internal consistencies are high at all levels. Factor structure –15 facets –3 factors (Social acting, Social thinking, Social relating) –Global trait SI October 2009, NTU Taipei

37 K. V. Petrides The trait intelligences research program International links UK, Australia, Belgium, Canada, Croatia, Cyprus, Greece, India, The Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Spain. Current & past funding bodies ESRC Nuffield Foundation British Academy University of London www Research divisions Psychometric Educational Industrial/Organizational Child/Human Development Behavioral Genetic Students PhD: E. Cole BA, BSc, MA, MSc, MPhil October 2009, NTU Taipei


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