Presentation on theme: "The Protestant Reformation (early 1500s) A religious revolution Humanists driven Split the Roman Catholic Church in western Europe Popes lost sight of."— Presentation transcript:
The Protestant Reformation (early 1500s) A religious revolution Humanists driven Split the Roman Catholic Church in western Europe Popes lost sight of spiritual mission –Political leaders & warriors –Wealth more important than saving souls
Origins of the Reformation Germany due to weak central government Pope Leo X built St. Peters Basilica Raised funds by selling indulgences –Reward for pious deeds * Purchase a pardon for sins to reduce time in purgatory Martin Luther protests abuses
Martin Luthers Protest Considered himself a sinner Became a monk Church rituals did nothing to rid him of his feelings of damnation Epiphany: an inner faith in god leads to salvation 95 Theses –Protests abuse of indulgences
Lutheranism Luthers believes: –priesthood of believers –Bible is sole religious authority –Ceremonies did NOT counteract sins –Priests have no role in salvation 1520: 3 publications that outlined his doctrines 1521: Pope Leo X excommunicated Luther –Charles V Diet of Worms 1522: translated New Testament into German By 1534: translated entire Bible from Hebrew & Greek New ministers can baptize and give communion "Unless I am convicted by scripture and plain reason - I do not accept the authority of the popes and councils, for they have contradicted each other - my conscience is captive to the Word of God. I cannot and I will not recant anything for to go against conscience is neither right nor safe. God help me. Amen."
Spread of Protestantism Lutheranism and other Protestant faiths sprang up all over Europe 1555: Peace at Augsburg –Charles V stopped attempts to end Protestant movement –each German ruler could choose its religion Subjects had to accept religion or leave Sects: 100s of religious groups emerged. Few succeeded. Anabaptists survived thru Mennonites & Hutterites –Adults only can be baptized
Anglican Church (1529-1536) King Henry VIII Defender o/t Faith Henry VIII wanted a divorce –Church refuses –No son w/ Catherine of Aragon (Charles V aunt) –Married Anne Boleyn –6 wives in total King Edward VI Parliament creates the Anglican Church (aka: Church of England) w/ king as its head Protestant doctrine w/ Catholic organization