Presentation on theme: "The Protestant Reformation (early 1500s)"— Presentation transcript:
1The Protestant Reformation (early 1500s) A religious revolutionHumanists drivenSplit the Roman Catholic Church in western EuropePopes lost sight of spiritual missionPolitical leaders & warriorsWealth more important than saving souls
2Origins of the Reformation Germany due to weak central governmentPope Leo X built St. Peter’s BasilicaRaised funds by selling indulgencesReward for pious deeds* Purchase a pardon for sins to reduce time in purgatoryMartin Luther protests abuses
3Martin Luther’s Protest Considered himself a sinnerBecame a monkChurch rituals did nothing to rid him of his feelings of damnationEpiphany: an inner faith in god leads to salvation95 ThesesProtests abuse of indulgences
4Lutheranism Luther’s believes: “priesthood of believers”Bible is sole religious authorityCeremonies did NOT counteract sinsPriests have no role in salvation1520: 3 publications that outlined his doctrines1521: Pope Leo X excommunicated LutherCharles VDiet of Worms1522: translated New Testament into GermanBy 1534: translated entire Bible from Hebrew & GreekNew ministers can baptize and give communion"Unless I am convicted by scripture and plain reason - I do not accept the authority of the popes and councils, for they have contradicted each other - my conscience is captive to the Word of God. I cannot and I will not recant anything for to go against conscience is neither right nor safe. God help me. Amen."
5Spread of Protestantism Lutheranism and other Protestant faiths sprang up all over Europe1555: Peace at AugsburgCharles V stopped attempts to end Protestant movementeach German ruler could choose its religionSubjects had to accept religion or leaveSects: 100s of religious groups emerged. Few succeeded.Anabaptists survived thru Mennonites & HutteritesAdults only can be baptized
6Anglican Church (1529-1536) King Henry VIII “Defender o/t Faith” Henry VIII wanted a divorceChurch refusesNo son w/ Catherine of Aragon (Charles V aunt)Married Anne Boleyn6 wives in totalKing Edward VIParliament creates the Anglican Church (aka: Church of England) w/ king as its headProtestant doctrine w/ Catholic organization