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The Protestant Reformation (early 1500s) A religious revolution Humanists driven Split the Roman Catholic Church in western Europe Popes lost sight of.

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Presentation on theme: "The Protestant Reformation (early 1500s) A religious revolution Humanists driven Split the Roman Catholic Church in western Europe Popes lost sight of."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Protestant Reformation (early 1500s) A religious revolution Humanists driven Split the Roman Catholic Church in western Europe Popes lost sight of spiritual mission –Political leaders & warriors –Wealth more important than saving souls

2 Origins of the Reformation Germany due to weak central government Pope Leo X built St. Peters Basilica Raised funds by selling indulgences –Reward for pious deeds * Purchase a pardon for sins to reduce time in purgatory Martin Luther protests abuses

3 Martin Luthers Protest Considered himself a sinner Became a monk Church rituals did nothing to rid him of his feelings of damnation Epiphany: an inner faith in god leads to salvation 95 Theses –Protests abuse of indulgences

4 Lutheranism Luthers believes: –priesthood of believers –Bible is sole religious authority –Ceremonies did NOT counteract sins –Priests have no role in salvation 1520: 3 publications that outlined his doctrines 1521: Pope Leo X excommunicated Luther –Charles V Diet of Worms 1522: translated New Testament into German By 1534: translated entire Bible from Hebrew & Greek New ministers can baptize and give communion "Unless I am convicted by scripture and plain reason - I do not accept the authority of the popes and councils, for they have contradicted each other - my conscience is captive to the Word of God. I cannot and I will not recant anything for to go against conscience is neither right nor safe. God help me. Amen."

5 Spread of Protestantism Lutheranism and other Protestant faiths sprang up all over Europe 1555: Peace at Augsburg –Charles V stopped attempts to end Protestant movement –each German ruler could choose its religion Subjects had to accept religion or leave Sects: 100s of religious groups emerged. Few succeeded. Anabaptists survived thru Mennonites & Hutterites –Adults only can be baptized

6 Anglican Church (1529-1536) King Henry VIII Defender o/t Faith Henry VIII wanted a divorce –Church refuses –No son w/ Catherine of Aragon (Charles V aunt) –Married Anne Boleyn –6 wives in total King Edward VI Parliament creates the Anglican Church (aka: Church of England) w/ king as its head Protestant doctrine w/ Catholic organization


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