Presentation on theme: "The Protestant Reformation (early 1500s)"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Protestant Reformation (early 1500s) A religious revolutionHumanists drivenSplit the Roman Catholic Church in western EuropePopes lost sight of spiritual missionPolitical leaders & warriorsWealth more important than saving souls
2 Origins of the Reformation Germany due to weak central governmentPope Leo X built St. Peter’s BasilicaRaised funds by selling indulgencesReward for pious deeds* Purchase a pardon for sins to reduce time in purgatoryMartin Luther protests abuses
3 Martin Luther’s Protest Considered himself a sinnerBecame a monkChurch rituals did nothing to rid him of his feelings of damnationEpiphany: an inner faith in god leads to salvation95 ThesesProtests abuse of indulgences
4 Lutheranism Luther’s believes: “priesthood of believers”Bible is sole religious authorityCeremonies did NOT counteract sinsPriests have no role in salvation1520: 3 publications that outlined his doctrines1521: Pope Leo X excommunicated LutherCharles VDiet of Worms1522: translated New Testament into GermanBy 1534: translated entire Bible from Hebrew & GreekNew ministers can baptize and give communion"Unless I am convicted by scripture and plain reason - I do not accept the authority of the popes and councils, for they have contradicted each other - my conscience is captive to the Word of God. I cannot and I will not recant anything for to go against conscience is neither right nor safe. God help me. Amen."
5 Spread of Protestantism Lutheranism and other Protestant faiths sprang up all over Europe1555: Peace at AugsburgCharles V stopped attempts to end Protestant movementeach German ruler could choose its religionSubjects had to accept religion or leaveSects: 100s of religious groups emerged. Few succeeded.Anabaptists survived thru Mennonites & HutteritesAdults only can be baptized
6 Anglican Church (1529-1536) King Henry VIII “Defender o/t Faith” Henry VIII wanted a divorceChurch refusesNo son w/ Catherine of Aragon (Charles V aunt)Married Anne Boleyn6 wives in totalKing Edward VIParliament creates the Anglican Church (aka: Church of England) w/ king as its headProtestant doctrine w/ Catholic organization