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Blood Typing ABO. ABO Blood Group Three alleles A, B, O –or I A, I B, i Phenotypes of Blood types: A B AB O NOTE: A and B are codominant Blood Typing.

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Presentation on theme: "Blood Typing ABO. ABO Blood Group Three alleles A, B, O –or I A, I B, i Phenotypes of Blood types: A B AB O NOTE: A and B are codominant Blood Typing."— Presentation transcript:

1 Blood Typing ABO

2 ABO Blood Group Three alleles A, B, O –or I A, I B, i Phenotypes of Blood types: A B AB O NOTE: A and B are codominant Blood Typing You Tube (ABO and Rh) 13:15 – nice donut analogy

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5 Blood Donating Diagram

6 Blood Typing Punnetts

7 "What are the blood types that the father would have of a mother of blood type A for a son to have type B blood?" B or O A, B, AB or O AB or B A or B A, B, or AB

8 "What are the blood types that the fathers would have of a mother of blood type A for a son to have type B blood?" B or O A, B, AB or O AB or B A or B A, B, or AB

9 Drop of Blood Red blood cells have antigens Plasma has antibodies Don’t mix same letter antigens with antibodies

10 Antigens (glycoproteins)-identify the blood type

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13 Antigens on RBC antibodies antigens

14 Antigens on surface Rh A

15 B antigens on surface Rh B

16 Both A and B antigens on surface Rh

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18 Hey, if Type O has A and B antibodies… Why can you give it to every other type of blood? The donated blood only has a very small amount of antibodies. It is more important what kind of immune antibody response it will cause to happen. It will not cause any antibodies to be formed in the blood it is being given to.

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20 Alleles and antibodies O Anti-A Anti-B A Anti-B B Anti-A AB none O None none A ClumpNoneClumpNone B Clump None AB Clump None

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22 Agglutination (clumping) antibodies join forming a big complex

23 Official Blood Test Card

24 Blood Typing Simulation A sera is colored blue B sera is colored yellow Rh sera is colorless

25 ABO Blood Type ABO Blood Typing

26 Type A+ A B Rh

27 Type B + A B Rh

28 Type AB+ A B Rh

29 Type O- A B Rh

30 Rh+ and Rh- dominant Rh positive gene (+) produces the Rh antigen recessive Rh negative gene (-) does not produce an antigen

31 Rh Factor Genotypes Rh+/Rh+ Rh+ Rh+/Rh- Rh-/Rh- = Rh- Rh factor named from Rhesus monkeys that were used to do blood tests

32 O positive and negative blood

33 Rh Punnett Squares D= + d = -

34 Rh Punnett Squares

35 Rh + or - ?. Anti-Rh antibodies HINT: which blood has the Rh antigens on it?

36 Rh + or - ?. Anti-Rh antibodies HINT: which blood has the Rh antigens on it? Rh+ Rhesus isoimmunisation, Rh (D) disease

37 Best Blood for donation centers Universal donor = O Negative Universal recipient AB Positive.

38 Percentages in U.S. O Positive 38.4% A Positive 32.3% B Positive 09.4% O Negative 07.7% A Negative 06.5% AB Positive 03.2% B Negative 01.7% AB Negative 00.7%


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