Presentation on theme: "Before Columbus Native Americans. Old History vs. New History Traditional history = White men, fleeing from rigid customs, social hierarchies, and the."— Presentation transcript:
Before Columbus Native Americans
Old History vs. New History Traditional history = White men, fleeing from rigid customs, social hierarchies, and the constrained resources of Europe to a land of opportunity New history = Many colonists failed to prosper due to disease, crop problems, predators, and hostile Native Americans; those who did do well did so at the expense of Indians, indentured servants, and slaves
Go West? Not all of America was the English going west Spanish were heading north from Mexico Russians coming east from Siberia French coming south through the Great Lakes and down the Mississippi River
You cannot simply say there were Europeans, Africans, and Indians converging together because it was far more complex than that. When thrown together in the New World, each had to find a new commonality to aid in their survival in the new world. VIP = All three groups—Europeans, Africans, & Indians were in a flux when they encountered each other in the colonies.
Bering Strait land bridge
Horticulture Horticulture evolved over generations from the practices of gathering wild plants Indians developed hybrids of increasing reliability and productivity They developed the three great crops of North Americans horticulture: maize, squash, and beans As plants became more important in their diet, less time was devoted to hunting, gathering, and fishing.
Hohokam & Anasazi
Indians in America
Beliefs Indians had a more complex understanding of the interdependent relationship between the natural and the supernatural. Indians believed that they lived within a contentious world of spiritual power that sometimes demanded human restraint and at other times offered opportunities for exploitation.