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Denmark – the impeccable ally? Associate Professor, Jens Ringsmose Centre for War Studies University of Southern Denmark.

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Presentation on theme: "Denmark – the impeccable ally? Associate Professor, Jens Ringsmose Centre for War Studies University of Southern Denmark."— Presentation transcript:

1 Denmark – the impeccable ally? Associate Professor, Jens Ringsmose Centre for War Studies University of Southern Denmark

2 Denmark’s foreign policy after 1990 Foreign policy activism The militarization of Danish foreign policy From 2001: – From atlanticism to super-atlanticism – From activism to super- activism Ideational and pragmatic considerations

3 Denmark and the Atlantic Alliance From NATO-Prügel- to NATO-Musterknabe – New burden-sharing dynamics and –metrics – Substantial mission contributions – Political willingness to take risks – Public support – but, why?

4 Public opinion and the war in Afghanistan (Oct. 2011) Number of deployed troops Deployed troop per capita (100,000) ISAF / deployable land forces (percentage) Denmark75013.6412.30 United Kingdom9,50015.5412.08 United States90,00029.309.28 Norway4299.204.56 Sweden5005.5016.02 Finland1562.978.67

5 Public opinion and the war in Afghanistan ( Jan. 2010 ) Allies with no caveatsAllies with few / insignificant caveats Allies with many / significant caveats CanadaAlbaniaBelgium Denmark CroatiaBulgaria EstoniaCzech RepublicGreece FranceGermanyItaly Hungary Norway Netherlands LatviaRomaniaPortugal LithuaniaSlovakiaSlovenia LuxembourgSpain PolandTurkey U.K. U.S.

6 Public opinion and the war in Afghanistan (Oct. 2011) CasualtiesCasualties per mill. inhabitants Casualties per deployed troops (100) Denmark427.645.60 United Kingdom3836.274.03 United States1,8215.932.02 Norway102.152.33 Sweden50.551.00 Finland20.381.91

7 Public opinion and the war in Afghanistan (Oct. 2011)

8 The Danish anomaly

9 Source: Peter Viggo Jakobsen, (2011), “Hvorfor er danskerne så krigsglade og tolerante overfor tab?”

10 Why such a popular war? Possible explanations: – Elite consensus – Effective communication – Popular Minister of Defence (Søren Gade) – Positive stories from Afghanistan told by soldiers

11 Denmark’s future role in transatlantic relations A return to the 1990’s? Normalization Activism Atlanticism Challenges to Denmark’s position Defence cuts Opt-out

12 Questions or comments?


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