Presentation on theme: "Denmark – the impeccable ally? Associate Professor, Jens Ringsmose Centre for War Studies University of Southern Denmark."— Presentation transcript:
Denmark – the impeccable ally? Associate Professor, Jens Ringsmose Centre for War Studies University of Southern Denmark
Denmark’s foreign policy after 1990 Foreign policy activism The militarization of Danish foreign policy From 2001: – From atlanticism to super-atlanticism – From activism to super- activism Ideational and pragmatic considerations
Denmark and the Atlantic Alliance From NATO-Prügel- to NATO-Musterknabe – New burden-sharing dynamics and –metrics – Substantial mission contributions – Political willingness to take risks – Public support – but, why?
Public opinion and the war in Afghanistan (Oct. 2011) Number of deployed troops Deployed troop per capita (100,000) ISAF / deployable land forces (percentage) Denmark United Kingdom9, United States90, Norway Sweden Finland
Public opinion and the war in Afghanistan ( Jan ) Allies with no caveatsAllies with few / insignificant caveats Allies with many / significant caveats CanadaAlbaniaBelgium Denmark CroatiaBulgaria EstoniaCzech RepublicGreece FranceGermanyItaly Hungary Norway Netherlands LatviaRomaniaPortugal LithuaniaSlovakiaSlovenia LuxembourgSpain PolandTurkey U.K. U.S.
Public opinion and the war in Afghanistan (Oct. 2011) CasualtiesCasualties per mill. inhabitants Casualties per deployed troops (100) Denmark United Kingdom United States1, Norway Sweden Finland
Public opinion and the war in Afghanistan (Oct. 2011)
The Danish anomaly
Source: Peter Viggo Jakobsen, (2011), “Hvorfor er danskerne så krigsglade og tolerante overfor tab?”
Why such a popular war? Possible explanations: – Elite consensus – Effective communication – Popular Minister of Defence (Søren Gade) – Positive stories from Afghanistan told by soldiers
Denmark’s future role in transatlantic relations A return to the 1990’s? Normalization Activism Atlanticism Challenges to Denmark’s position Defence cuts Opt-out