Presentation on theme: "WORLD WAR II: Threats to World Peace"— Presentation transcript:
1 WORLD WAR II: Threats to World Peace 1928 Kellogg-Briand PactInternational peaceMade war “illegal”Japan i/t PacificItaly in EthiopiaCivil War in Spain1936 Axis Powers formedAnti-Comintern Treaty1938 Austria annexed
2 The Road to War 1938 Munich Conference APPEASEMENT Sudetenland annexed by GermanyUK’s Chamberlain “peace in our time”Czechoslovakia: German protectorateSeized SlovakiaWhich countries were represented?
3 The NAZI-SOVIET Pact (1939) Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression PactE. Europe spheres of influenceW. Poland to GermanyPolish CorridorPolish access to DanzigBaltics & E. Poland to USSRSept., 1, 1939: Nazi invasion of PolandWorld War II beginsBLITZKRIEG: “lightning war”
4 Hitler’s NEW ORDER Jun ’41: breaks the Nazi-USSR non-aggression pact Hitler calls for:1 European political & economic systemFASCISM“Aryan race”supply food & resourcesSlavs: racially inferior
5 Hitler’s FINAL SOLUTION Answer t/t “Jewish Question”The HOLOCAUSTThe annihilation of all European Jewszeal o/t minority of Germanspassivity o/t majorityConcentration Camps“protective custody”Germany: Dachau & BuchenwaldPoland: Auschwitz & Treblinka (extermination camps)Slavs, Gypsies and homosexuals were also victimsNo less than 6 million Jews were killed
7 Atlantic CharterAugust 1941: FDR & Churchill publicly announce their national policies8 Provisions:pg. 725Meeting in Wash., DC Jan 4226 nations attendedTotal WarNot to sign separate peace treatiesAbide by Atlantic Charter
8 Battle for the Seas Atlantic Ocean Pacific Ocean Spring ’43: Allies control the AtlanticConvoysSonar detects subsMost German cities bombedPacific OceanBattle of Coral Seasaves AustraliaBattle of MidwayIsland HoppingAug. ’42: GuadalcanalFirst invasion of Japanese held territoryBattle of Okinawa12,500 Americans KIA110,000 Japanese KIAHiroshima & NagasakiBattle of Iwo Jima
9 Important Battles January 1943: German’s surrender at Stalingrad May 1943: German’s surrender in N. Africa“soft belly o/t Axis”Italy (July ’43) SicilyMussolini resignsBadoglio new premierDissolved Fascist gov’tCease fireMussolini shot & hung by own people
10 Victory in Europe OPERATION OVERLORD 6 June ’44: D-DAY invasion of NORMANDYlargest amphibious assault in history“second front” for USSRUS v. USSRWho would get to Berlin first?drive from the eastdrive from the westBattle of the Bulge (Dec. ’44)50 ml wedge into Allied lines10 day battle600,000 Americans involved80,000 American KIA100,000 Germans KIANazi’s recognized defeatV-E Day (May 8, 1945)V-J Day (Sept. 2, 1945)Aug 6, 1945: HiroshimaAug 9, 1945: Nagasaki
11 YALTA (Feb. ’45) The Big Three POTSDAM (July ’45) FDR, Churchill and Stalin meetGermany will be dividedLiberated Europe will be able to have electionsUSSR would enter war against Japanreceive Japanese territoryPOTSDAM (July ’45)Truman now US presClement Attlee now PM of UKUltimatum to Japan
12 Costs of WWII 22 million soldiers KIA 34 million soldiers WIA USSR: 7-11 million deadGermany: 3.5 mil KIA soldiersJapan: 2 million KIA totalEurope: 16 mil civilians KIAMillionsssssss of RefugeesBombing and killing of civilians simply became a war strategy
13 Post-World War II East & West Germany Nuremberg Trials (1945-49) De-NazificationNazi party illegalNazi leaders being held accountable for horrors o/t warCrimes Against Humanity22 charges12 death sentences7 life imprisonments3 acquittalsAllied Control CouncilAllied occupation of Germanydemilitarize Germanyreparationsfuture bordersEast German refugees flood West GermanyEast & West Germany
14 Origins of the COLD WAR The Berlin Blockade led to the Berlin Airlift Germany is dividedBeginning of the COLD WARTruman Doctrine ‘47spread of communism is a threat to democracyUS policy to stopContainment policyMarshall Plan ’48-’52Euro. Recovery Program$13 billion for rebuildingCOMINFORMComm. Information Bureauopposed Truman & Marshall plansthreat to communism
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