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How is migration changing the face of the EU? 2.53 The economic, social, environmental and political consequences of these movements and the issue and.

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Presentation on theme: "How is migration changing the face of the EU? 2.53 The economic, social, environmental and political consequences of these movements and the issue and."— Presentation transcript:

1 How is migration changing the face of the EU? 2.53 The economic, social, environmental and political consequences of these movements and the issue and reactions they create 2.5 On the move

2 Overview SourceHost Advantages Disadvantages

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4 Interconnected? What does this mean? What does this mean? Flows of money, ideas and information pass back and forth between family members living at a distance from one another Flows of money, ideas and information pass back and forth between family members living at a distance from one another How can we become interconnected? How can we become interconnected? Remittances? – money sent home by migrants Remittances? – money sent home by migrants Lloyds TSB bank - According to a recent survey by the bank, more than 40% of Polish workers recently transferred money back home, and nearly 75% plan to do so again in the near future. Lloyds TSB bank - According to a recent survey by the bank, more than 40% of Polish workers recently transferred money back home, and nearly 75% plan to do so again in the near future. Most transactions are for between £100 and £500 and are typically made every one or two months. The main reasons for making the transfers included financial support for their family and saving for their own future, the bank found. Most transactions are for between £100 and £500 and are typically made every one or two months. The main reasons for making the transfers included financial support for their family and saving for their own future, the bank found.

5 Impacts of migration Demographic - how are population pyramids changing? Demographic - how are population pyramids changing? Population 'to hit 65m by 2016' Population 'to hit 65m by 2016' The population of the UK is set to increase by 4.4 million to 65 million by 2016, according to new projections. The population of the UK is set to increase by 4.4 million to 65 million by 2016, according to new projections. The Office for National Statistics (ONS) estimates that 2.1 million of the overall rise can be put down to immigration alone. (BBC) The Office for National Statistics (ONS) estimates that 2.1 million of the overall rise can be put down to immigration alone. (BBC)

6 Demographic - how are population pyramids changing? Demographic - how are population pyramids changing? Within Poland, figures for emigration vary hugely – from around 0.6 – 3 million people since 2004. Within Poland, figures for emigration vary hugely – from around 0.6 – 3 million people since 2004. Ageing and population decline. Ageing and population decline. By 2050 it is likely that the 65+ age group in Poland will increase from 11% to 27% while the 19-44 years working age percentage falls from 38% to 27%. Total population is projected to fall from 38 million today to 33-32 million by 2050. By 2050 it is likely that the 65+ age group in Poland will increase from 11% to 27% while the 19-44 years working age percentage falls from 38% to 27%. Total population is projected to fall from 38 million today to 33-32 million by 2050. Impacts of migration

7 Demographic - how are population pyramids changing? Demographic - how are population pyramids changing?

8 Impacts of migration Economic – how are individual working lives and national economies changed? Economic – how are individual working lives and national economies changed? What does this show? What does this show? Migrants can be both a net cost and a net benefit to economies. Migrants can be both a net cost and a net benefit to economies. Young single skilled migrants boost economic growth, where as migrating families with dependents or asylum seekers are likely to be a cost Young single skilled migrants boost economic growth, where as migrating families with dependents or asylum seekers are likely to be a cost

9 Impacts of Migration Economic – how are individual working lives and national economies changed? Economic – how are individual working lives and national economies changed? Estimates UK treasury migrants contribute 10% to taxes but take 9% in government spending. Estimates UK treasury migrants contribute 10% to taxes but take 9% in government spending. 700000 eastern European immigrants arrived between 2004-2007 – 5000 claimed some kind benefit although 70000 claimed child benefit 700000 eastern European immigrants arrived between 2004-2007 – 5000 claimed some kind benefit although 70000 claimed child benefit Migrant workers bring a net economic benefit to the UK economy of at least £2.5Bn per year, filling jobs which no one else wants to do or providing skills where there is a skill shortage... Migrant workers bring a net economic benefit to the UK economy of at least £2.5Bn per year, filling jobs which no one else wants to do or providing skills where there is a skill shortage... Doing jobs we dont want to…. Doing jobs we dont want to…. news article about Peterborough news article about Peterborough news article about Peterborough news article about Peterborough clip from Poles are coming - Peterborough with locals who don't want to work on farms clip from Poles are coming - Peterborough with locals who don't want to work on farms clip from Poles are coming - Peterborough with locals who don't want to work on farms clip from Poles are coming - Peterborough with locals who don't want to work on farms

10 Impacts of Migration Economic The geographical pattern in the UK City of London Boston Westminster Northampton South Holland Peterborough Fenland East Cambridgeshire Herefordshire Dungannon Scotland article economist

11 Impacts of migration Economic Economic Page 141 Phillip Allan – table of economic costs and benefits – use to add to your notes Page 141 Phillip Allan – table of economic costs and benefits – use to add to your notes

12 Impacts of Migration Social – what is the impact on families and on migrant health and welfare? Social – what is the impact on families and on migrant health and welfare? Very few post-enlargement migrants claim state benefits (only 2.4% of those registering for National Insurance numbers between May 2004 and December 2007 did so in order to claim benefits) Very few post-enlargement migrants claim state benefits (only 2.4% of those registering for National Insurance numbers between May 2004 and December 2007 did so in order to claim benefits) 1 in 4 children in UK in 2007 was born to a foreign parent 1 in 4 children in UK in 2007 was born to a foreign parent Birth rate is starting to increase in UK Birth rate is starting to increase in UK Video linkproblems for maternity services /churches booming Video linkproblems for maternity services /churches boomingproblems for maternity services /churches boomingproblems for maternity services /churches booming Video illustrates a few of problems Video illustrates a few of problems

13 Consequences for source countries Consequences for source countries Family break up as generally young men migrate leaving families behind Family break up as generally young men migrate leaving families behind A culture of emigration and a sense that leaving is a good thing - this can cause societies to undervalue themselves. A culture of emigration and a sense that leaving is a good thing - this can cause societies to undervalue themselves. Impacts of Migration

14 Cultural – what is the religious reaction and what are the effects on art and music? Cultural – what is the religious reaction and what are the effects on art and music? Video Link - problems for maternity services /churches booming – catholic church services booming in Peterborough Video Link - problems for maternity services /churches booming – catholic church services booming in Peterboroughproblems for maternity services /churches boomingproblems for maternity services /churches booming Creation of multicultural societies and benefits of easy access to the music, food, tradition and ideas of other cultures Creation of multicultural societies and benefits of easy access to the music, food, tradition and ideas of other cultures Impacts of Migration

15 Cultural – Impacts of Migration Food Food The sudden influx of Poles since their country joined the EU in 2004 has seen an explosion in Polish foods and drinks available - first in specialty shops selling to migrant workers, but now demand is so great that Sainsbury's, Asda and Tesco stock products such as pulpety (meatballs) and delicje (biscuits with chocolate and jam). The sudden influx of Poles since their country joined the EU in 2004 has seen an explosion in Polish foods and drinks available - first in specialty shops selling to migrant workers, but now demand is so great that Sainsbury's, Asda and Tesco stock products such as pulpety (meatballs) and delicje (biscuits with chocolate and jam). Tesco's have created a website – Tesco Polish products Tesco's have created a website – Tesco Polish productsTesco Polish productsTesco Polish products From Tesco's website From Tesco's website The huge demand for Polish delicacies in Britain has overwhelmed us to the extent that we have exceeded our original expectation by tenfold. The huge demand for Polish delicacies in Britain has overwhelmed us to the extent that we have exceeded our original expectation by tenfold. The rocketing demand means that Polish has become the fastest-growing ethnic food range we have ever launched including our Indian and Chinese cuisines, so the launch of the dedicated website for Poles is a logical step forward. The rocketing demand means that Polish has become the fastest-growing ethnic food range we have ever launched including our Indian and Chinese cuisines, so the launch of the dedicated website for Poles is a logical step forward.

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17 Impacts on Migration Environmental – is the travel polluting? Are there stresses for receiving areas? Environmental – is the travel polluting? Are there stresses for receiving areas? Every day, seventy flights touch down at UK airports carrying passengers from the new Eastern Europe chasing a dream. Plus numerous coaches travel as well Every day, seventy flights touch down at UK airports carrying passengers from the new Eastern Europe chasing a dream. Plus numerous coaches travel as well "There are people coming and going all the time, vans arriving and rubbish all over the streets because they don't understand recycling." "There are people coming and going all the time, vans arriving and rubbish all over the streets because they don't understand recycling."

18 Political EU worker restrictions to remain Restrictions on Bulgarians and Romanians who want to work in the UK will remain in force until at least the end of next year, the Home Office says. (BBC) EU worker restrictions to remain Restrictions on Bulgarians and Romanians who want to work in the UK will remain in force until at least the end of next year, the Home Office says. (BBC) There are growing concerns about total population. Migrants, who tend to be young and fertile, boost population. This could be good for the UK as they counter-balance an ageing workforce, however, population could grow to fast for housing and services to cope: There are growing concerns about total population. Migrants, who tend to be young and fertile, boost population. This could be good for the UK as they counter-balance an ageing workforce, however, population could grow to fast for housing and services to cope:

19 Policy change The 5 tier points system: Tier One: Highly skilled (2008) This tier includes entrepreneurs, top scientists and business people. No job offer will be required. Tier One: Highly skilled (2008) This tier includes entrepreneurs, top scientists and business people. No job offer will be required. Tier two: Skilled with job offer (2008) People with qualifications / work-related experience; job offer in a "shortage area" such as nursing. Tier two: Skilled with job offer (2008) People with qualifications / work-related experience; job offer in a "shortage area" such as nursing. Tier three: Low skilled (no date set) Workers from the expanded European Union, who do not need prior permission to arrive. Tier three: Low skilled (no date set) Workers from the expanded European Union, who do not need prior permission to arrive. Tier four: Students (2009) Those paying for tuition in the UK. Tier four: Students (2009) Those paying for tuition in the UK. Tier five: Temporary workers, Youth mobility (2008) Professional sports people or professional musicians, who want to work in the UK for an event such as the Olympics or a football match, or a concert. The youth mobility aspect is intended to cover cultural exchanges or working holidays by young people. Tier five: Temporary workers, Youth mobility (2008) Professional sports people or professional musicians, who want to work in the UK for an event such as the Olympics or a football match, or a concert. The youth mobility aspect is intended to cover cultural exchanges or working holidays by young people. The points system will replace over 80 different work permits that exist today. Its major impact is likely to be when Tier 3 is activated, as this will restrict low skilled migrants to the EU, and not from elsewhere in the world. The points system will replace over 80 different work permits that exist today. Its major impact is likely to be when Tier 3 is activated, as this will restrict low skilled migrants to the EU, and not from elsewhere in the world. Guardian news article - 2.53 points based immigration system.doc Guardian news article - 2.53 points based immigration system.doc2.53 points based immigration system.doc2.53 points based immigration system.doc Page 142-143 Phillip Allan – notes on UK policy on immigration Page 142-143 Phillip Allan – notes on UK policy on immigration

20 Popular press headlines about welfare scroungers and benefit costs Popular press headlines about welfare scroungers and benefit costs

21 Views about immigration 70-80% of British people wish for tighter immigration policies 70-80% of British people wish for tighter immigration policies swamping British culture often cited swamping British culture often cited 55% of existing immigrants in favour of slowing immigration 55% of existing immigrants in favour of slowing immigration SOURCE: YouGov poll, Telegraph. May 2004

22 Overall … Migration is frequently controversial, provoking fierce reactions and becoming major political issues in countries that experience mass immigration. Migration is frequently controversial, provoking fierce reactions and becoming major political issues in countries that experience mass immigration. Prejudices Prejudices 2.53 Guardian article prejudices They come over here.doc 2.53 Guardian article prejudices They come over here.doc 2.53 Guardian article prejudices They come over here.doc 2.53 Guardian article prejudices They come over here.doc But important to remember, the positive aspects of EU migration – music, fashion, food etc they are….? But important to remember, the positive aspects of EU migration – music, fashion, food etc they are….?


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