Presentation on theme: "Japan, the EU, and human rights LU, Wenjie & ENKH-AMGALAN Dulguun May, 22nd, 2013."— Presentation transcript:
Japan, the EU, and human rights LU, Wenjie & ENKH-AMGALAN Dulguun May, 22nd, 2013
OUTLIINE What is Death Penalty? Development of Human Rights in Asia The Death Penalty and Japan EU policy on the Death Penalty
Death Penalty What is Death Penalty? a legal process whereby a person is put to death by the state as a punishment for a crime.
Use of the death penalty around the world (as of February 2011) Amnesty International 2008
Death Penalty The international and regional instruments for the abolition of the death penalty and /or restricting its use include: -World-wide: 2nd Optional Protocol to the International Convention on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR); -Regional: Protocol to the American Convention on Human Rights, Protocols No 6 and 13 to the European Convention on Human Rights; -UN minimum standards; -Ban on the execution of juvenile offenders (ICCPR article 6, Convention on the Rights of the Child article 37)
Developments on Human Rights in Asia Five have abolished the DP: Bhutan, Cambodia, Mongolia, Nepal, Philippines. Six are abolitionist in practice: Brunei, Burma, Laos, Maldives, South Korea, Sri Lanka. Four have a significant downward trend in executions: China, Malaysia, Pakistan and Singapore. Nine have experienced little or no progress: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Japan, North Korea, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam.
Method of Execution: Shooting  January 5 th, 2012 - abolished death penalty  MONGOLIA
The Death Penalty and Japan The "Nagayama standard" Degree of viciousness Motive How the crime was commited;especially the manner in which the victim was killed. Outcome of the crime;especially the number of victims. Sentiments of the bereaved family members. Impact of the crime on Japanese society. Defendant's age Defendant's previous criminal record. Degree of remorse shown by the defendant.
At least 1923 people sentenced to death, in 63 countries, in 2011  At least 18750 people, under sentence of death worldwide at the end of 2011
The Death Penalty and Japan The Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) in power during 2009- 2012 less supportive of the Death Penalty The Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) won the election in 2012 highly supportive of the Death Penalty
EU Policy on the Death Penalty The EU is the leading institutional actor in the fight against the death penalty worldwide and its action in this area represents a key priority of its external human rights policy.
4 recent EU documents on human rights and democracy December 2011: High Representative of the EU, Human Rights and Democracy at the Heart of EU External Action - Towards a More Effective Approach. June 2012: Council of the European Union, EU Strategic Framework on Human Rights and Democracy. June 2012: Council of the European Union, EU Action Plan on Human Rights and Democracy. October 2012: European Parliament, Enhancing EU Action on the Death Penalty in Asia, Briefing Paper.
Core elements of the 4 EU documents Renewal - policy needs to bemore active, more coherent, more effective. Tailoring – need to create tailored, bottom-up, country-specific human rights strategies. Priorities - administration of justice, and the right to a fair trial (due process) recognized as human rights priorities. Universal - commits the EU to universal human rights norms. Local – commits the EU to working in partnership with local civil society organizations. Campaigns - need for cross- cutting themes such as judicial reform, right to a fair trial (HR). HR – in some countries, abolition of the death penalty is unlikely. In such cases it would be more practical to shift attention to other issues. Parliament – countries are at different stages on journey to abolition, and therefore require different strategies. All states to ratify and implement universal human rights treaties. Four documents all explicitly recommend that EU should draw on standards in reports produced by the UN human rights bodies.
Bibliography Bacon, Paul, Developing the EUs new more effective approach to human rights and democracy: suggestions for a tailored human rights strategy for Japan, EUIJ Waseda, 2012. The Death Penalty Project, 2013, The Death Penalty in Japan  U.S. Dept. of State, Background Note: Mongolia, http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2779.htm, Jan. 6, 2012. http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2779.htm  San Diego Accountants Guide, Capital Punishment in Mongolia Multimedia Information, http://www.sandiegoaccountantsguide.com/library/Capital-punishment-in- Mongolia.php, http://www.sandiegoaccountantsguide.com/library/Capital-punishment-in- Mongolia.php Jun. 25, 2010.  National Human Rights Commission of Mongolia http://www.mn-nhrc.org/eng/http://www.mn-nhrc.org/eng/  Death Sentences and Executions in 2011 http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/asset/ACT50/001/2012/en/241a8301-05b4-41c0- bfd9-2fe72899cda4/act500012012en.pdf http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/asset/ACT50/001/2012/en/241a8301-05b4-41c0- bfd9-2fe72899cda4/act500012012en.pdf