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Chapter 16 - The Endocrine System $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100$100$100 $200 $300 $400 $500 Introduction Endocrine Organs HormonesControl Pathology FINAL.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 16 - The Endocrine System $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100$100$100 $200 $300 $400 $500 Introduction Endocrine Organs HormonesControl Pathology FINAL."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 16 - The Endocrine System $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100$100$100 $200 $300 $400 $500 Introduction Endocrine Organs HormonesControl Pathology FINAL ROUND

2 Introduction: $100 Question Endocrine glands differ from exocrine glands because they don’t: a. have a blood supply. b. have ducts. c. secrete chemical messengers. d. have cells. BACK TO GAME ANSWER

3 Introduction: $100 Answer Endocrine glands differ from exocrine glands because they don’t: a. have a blood supply. b. have ducts. c. secrete chemical messengers. d. have cells. BACK TO GAME

4 Introduction: $200 Question Hormones can be all of the following except: a. proteins. b. eicosanoids. c. steroids. d. carbohydrates. BACK TO GAME ANSWER

5 Introduction: $200 Answer Hormones can be all of the following except: a. proteins. b. eicosanoids. c. steroids. d. carbohydrates. BACK TO GAME

6 Introduction: $300 Question Target organs respond to water-soluble hormones because of the presence of _______ on the cell membrane surface. a. ATP b. calcium c. cAMP d. specific receptors BACK TO GAME ANSWER

7 Introduction: $300 Answer Target organs respond to water-soluble hormones because of the presence of _______ on the cell membrane surface. a. ATP b. calcium c. cAMP d. specific receptors BACK TO GAME

8 Introduction: $400 Question Most of the amino acid–based hormones affect the target organs using: a. intracellular second messengers. b. intracellular receptors. c. direct activation of genes. d. relay proteins. BACK TO GAME ANSWER

9 Introduction: $400 Answer Most of the amino acid–based hormones affect the target organs using: a. intracellular second messengers. b. intracellular receptors. c. direct activation of genes. d. relay proteins. BACK TO GAME

10 Introduction: $500 Question Hormones that directly activate genes are classified as ________. a. amino acid based b. water soluble c. lipid soluble d. G proteins BACK TO GAME ANSWER

11 Introduction: $500 Answer Hormones that directly activate genes are classified as ________. a. amino acid based b. water soluble c. lipid soluble d. G proteins BACK TO GAME

12 Endocrine Organs: $100 Question The islets of Langerhans are found in which endocrine organ? a. Thyroid gland b. Parathyroid gland c. Pancreas d. Adrenal gland BACK TO GAME ANSWER

13 Endocrine Organs: $100 Answer The islets of Langerhans are found in which endocrine organ? a. Thyroid gland b. Parathyroid gland c. Pancreas d. Adrenal gland BACK TO GAME

14 Endocrine Organs: $200 Question This gland is located in the epithalamus. a. Pituitary gland b. Pineal gland c. Parathyroid gland d. Adrenal gland BACK TO GAME ANSWER

15 Endocrine Organs: $200 Answer This gland is located in the epithalamus. a. Pituitary gland b. Pineal gland c. Parathyroid gland d. Adrenal gland BACK TO GAME

16 Endocrine Organs: $300 Question This gland atrophies after puberty. a. Pituitary gland b. Thymus c. Pineal gland d. Thyroid gland BACK TO GAME ANSWER

17 Endocrine Organs: $300 Answer This gland atrophies after puberty. a. Pituitary gland b. Thymus c. Pineal gland d. Thyroid gland BACK TO GAME

18 Endocrine Organs: $400 Question This organ has an isthmus. a. Pituitary gland b. Thymus c. Thyroid gland d. Pineal gland BACK TO GAME ANSWER

19 Endocrine Organs: $400 Answer This organ has an isthmus. a. Pituitary gland b. Thymus c. Thyroid gland d. Pineal gland BACK TO GAME

20 Endocrine Organs: $500 Question Oxytocin is produced here. a. Anterior pituitary gland b. Posterior pituitary gland c. Hypothalamus d. Ovary BACK TO GAME ANSWER

21 Endocrine Organs: $500 Answer Oxytocin is produced here. a. Anterior pituitary gland b. Posterior pituitary gland c. Hypothalamus d. Ovary BACK TO GAME

22 Hormones: $100 Question The epiphyseal plate is the target organ of this hormone. a. GH b. ACTH c. Parathormone d. Glucagon BACK TO GAME ANSWER

23 Hormones: $100 Answer The epiphyseal plate is the target organ of this hormone. a. GH b. ACTH c. Parathormone d. Glucagon BACK TO GAME

24 Hormones: $200 Question The hormone produced by the pancreas that increases blood glucose levels is _______. a. insulin b. glucagon c. cortisone d. ACTH BACK TO GAME ANSWER

25 Hormones: $200 Answer The hormone produced by the pancreas that increases blood glucose levels is _______. a. insulin b. glucagon c. cortisone d. ACTH BACK TO GAME

26 Hormones: $300 Question This hormone is important in sodium regulation and therefore water balance. a. Aldosterone b. ADH c. Cortisone d. Glucagon BACK TO GAME ANSWER

27 Hormones: $300 Answer This hormone is important in sodium regulation and therefore water balance. a. Aldosterone b. ADH c. Cortisone d. Glucagon BACK TO GAME

28 Hormones: $400 Question This hormone stimulates osteoblasts. a. ACTH b. Aldosterone c. Calcitonin d. Parathormone BACK TO GAME ANSWER

29 Hormones: $400 Answer This hormone stimulates osteoblasts. a. ACTH b. Aldosterone c. Calcitonin d. Parathormone BACK TO GAME

30 Hormones: $500 Question The target organ of thyrotropin-releasing hormone is the _______. a. anterior pituitary gland b. posterior pituitary gland c. hypothalamus d. thyroid gland BACK TO GAME ANSWER

31 Hormones: $500 Answer The target organ of thyrotropin-releasing hormone is the _______. a. anterior pituitary gland b. posterior pituitary gland c. hypothalamus d. thyroid gland BACK TO GAME

32 Control: $100 Question Which area of the brain regulates the endocrine system? a. Cerebral cortex b. Thalamus c. Hypothalamus d. Neurohypophysis BACK TO GAME ANSWER

33 Control: $100 Answer Which area of the brain regulates the endocrine system? a. Cerebral cortex b. Thalamus c. Hypothalamus d. Neurohypophysis BACK TO GAME

34 Control: $200 Question Much of the endocrine system regulates itself through a process called _________. a. negative feedback b. positive feedback c. reciprocal inhibition d. receptor inhibition BACK TO GAME ANSWER

35 Control: $200 Answer Much of the endocrine system regulates itself through a process called _________. a. negative feedback b. positive feedback c. reciprocal inhibition d. receptor inhibition BACK TO GAME

36 Control: $300 Question Hormones are secreted in response to all of the following stimuli except: a. neuronal. b. humoral. c. hormonal. d. up-regulation. BACK TO GAME ANSWER

37 Control: $300 Answer Hormones are secreted in response to all of the following stimuli except: a. neuronal. b. humoral. c. hormonal. d. up-regulation. BACK TO GAME

38 Control: $400 Question The anterior pituitary stimulates other endocrine organs by secreting a group of hormones called ___________. a. releasing factors b. tropic hormones c. relay proteins d. target hormones BACK TO GAME ANSWER

39 Control: $400 Answer The anterior pituitary stimulates other endocrine organs by secreting a group of hormones called ___________. a. releasing factors b. tropic hormones c. relay proteins d. target hormones BACK TO GAME

40 Control: $500 Question An excess of hormones in the blood may cause target organs to decrease the number of receptors for that hormone in a process called __________. a. negative feedback b. receptor inhibition c. down-regulation d. positive feedback BACK TO GAME ANSWER

41 Control: $500 Answer An excess of hormones in the blood may cause target organs to decrease the number of receptors for that hormone in a process called __________. a. negative feedback b. receptor inhibition c. down-regulation d. positive feedback BACK TO GAME

42 Pathology: $100 Question Acromegaly is a result of hypersecretion of this hormone. a. Thyroxine b. Cortisone c. Growth hormone d. Parathormone BACK TO GAME ANSWER

43 Pathology: $100 Answer Acromegaly is a result of hypersecretion of this hormone. a. Thyroxine b. Cortisone c. Growth hormone d. Parathormone BACK TO GAME

44 Pathology: $200 Question Endemic goiter results from a lack of ______ in the diet. a. vitamin C b. vitamin D c. calcium d. iodine BACK TO GAME ANSWER

45 Pathology: $200 Answer Endemic goiter results from a lack of ______ in the diet. a. vitamin C b. vitamin D c. calcium d. iodine BACK TO GAME

46 Pathology: $300 Question Hypoglycemia is a problem with which hormone? a. Insulin b. Glucagon c. Calcitonin d. Parathormone BACK TO GAME ANSWER

47 Pathology: $300 Answer Hypoglycemia is a problem with which hormone? a. Insulin b. Glucagon c. Calcitonin d. Parathormone BACK TO GAME

48 Pathology: $400 Question Cushing’s disease is caused by: a. hyposecretion of the adrenal glands. b. hyposecretion of the pancreas. c. hypersecretion of the adrenal glands. d. hypersecretion of the pancreas. BACK TO GAME ANSWER

49 Pathology: $400 Answer Cushing’s disease is caused by: a. hyposecretion of the adrenal glands. b. hyposecretion of the pancreas. c. hypersecretion of the adrenal glands. d. hypersecretion of the pancreas. BACK TO GAME

50 Pathology: $500 Question Exophthalmos is a sign of hypersecretion of this hormone. a. Parathormone b. Calcitonin c. GH d. Thyroxine BACK TO GAME ANSWER

51 Pathology: $500 Answer Exophthalmos is a sign of hypersecretion of this hormone. a. Parathormone b. Calcitonin c. GH d. Thyroxine BACK TO GAME

52 FINAL ROUND Question A person with endemic goiter suffers from: a. a hypofunctioning adrenal gland. b. a hyperfunctioning adrenal gland. c. a hypofunctioning thyroid gland. d. a hyperfunctioning thyroid gland. BACK TO GAME ANSWER

53 FINAL ROUND Answer A person with endemic goiter suffers from: a. a hypofunctioning adrenal gland. b. a hyperfunctioning adrenal gland. c. a hypofunctioning thyroid gland. d. a hyperfunctioning thyroid gland. BACK TO GAME


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