Presentation on theme: "Eliminate Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia. What Is a Ventilator? A machine that supports breathing for those that have lost the ability to breathe Short."— Presentation transcript:
What Is a Ventilator? A machine that supports breathing for those that have lost the ability to breathe Short term use – During surgery – During treatment Long term use
After surgical procedures – Lung, heart, prolonged procedures, Impaired breathing – Heart attack, stroke, trauma, head injury, drug overdose, chronic lung disease Who Needs a Ventilator?
What is Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia? A lung infection that develops in a person who is on a ventilator Occurs in 10-20% of ventilated patients Common healthcare-acquired infection – 250,000 infections annually Most lethal healthcare-acquired infection – Mortality likely exceeds 10% – Up to 36,000 deaths annually Cost per episode- $23,000+ Safdar CCM 2005, Kollef Chest 2005, Perencevich ICHE 2007, Public Health Rep. 2007.
Ineffective hand washing Agents that impair patient’s natural defense and/or increase the chance of swallowing oral secretions Prolonged antibiotic use Prolonged mechanical ventilation Lung disease Impaired mental status Excessive sedation Cigarette smoking Risk Factors for Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia
Eliminate Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia Led by Dr. Sean Berenholtz, of the Armstrong Institute for Patient Safety & Quality Funded by NIH/NHLBI and AHRQ Only two states invited to participate- Maryland and Pennsylvania Two year intervention period with a 1 year sustainability Based on the latest science and research Includes unit-based Technical and Adaptive components Goals: – To achieve significant reductions in VAP/VAE rates – To achieve significant improvements in safety culture
Benefits to Participation Improve patient outcomes – Build upon and spread efforts to date – Focused specifically on VAP prevention, including structural measures Get “a leg up” on the new CDC VAE definition – Predicted to increase current VAP rates – Aligned with public reporting of VAP Enhance performance-Health Service Cost Review Commission's quality initiatives including Maryland Hospital Acquired Conditions (MHACs) Initiatives Supports the Maryland Health Care Commission’s Healthcare- Associated Infections Prevention Plan
The Problem in Maryland* 583 ventilator-associated pneumonia cases in FY2011 equates to an estimated: – 130 deaths – 4,198 excess length of stay days – $47,289,462 excess cost *Source: Health Services Cost Review Commission Maryland Hospital Acquired Conditions database and VAP national estimator - http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/quality_safety_research_group/our_projects/ventilator_associated_pheumonias/estimator.html http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/quality_safety_research_group/our_projects/ventilator_associated_pheumonias/estimator.html
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