Presentation on theme: "Assessment and Evaluation"— Presentation transcript:
1Assessment and Evaluation Welcome to Module 7AssessmentandEvaluation
2Getting Started“From their earliest school experience, students draw life-shaping conclusions about themselves as learners on the basis of the information provided to them as a result of classroom assessments.”- Stiggins, Student-Involved Classroom Assessment, Prentice Hall, 2001, p. 48Share your own assessment experiences as a student with your elbow partner.
3Getting StartedWhat kind of meaningful classroom assessment information do we want to provide our students?Useto jot down ideas.
4Key MessagesThe improvement of student learning is the most important focus of assessment.
5Key MessagesAssessment is an ongoing awareness of students’ learning and needs, rather than an occasional event in the program.
6Key MessagesOf all the assessment strategies, formative assessment is the most valuable strategy for supporting students’ learning and for promoting students’ independence and responsibility as learners.
7Key MessagesObservation is the most efficient and effective way for teachers to assess students’ mathematical abilities, and is an integral part of all assessment strategies.
8Key MessagesTeachers should use a variety of assessment strategies in order to assess students’ mathematical development as completely as possible.
9Key MessagesTeachers should not provide a grade/mark/level on an individual assessment or a collection of assessments unless the grade/mark/level serves a clear purpose: to communicate achievement of curriculum expectations to students, parents, other teachers, and administrators.
10Assessment and Evaluation — Different Forms of Assessment Successful teaching of mathematics in the early grades involves more than providing engaging learning activities; it requires that teachers be “in tune” with their students’ learning needs.
11Assessment and Evaluation — Different Forms of Assessment The improvement of student learning is the most important focus of assessment. There are three different types of assessment, all of which contribute to the learning process.
12Assessment and Evaluation — Different Forms of Assessment Form 3 groups. Each group is responsible for studying one form of assessment:Diagnostic (pp )Formative (pp )Summative (pp )
13Different Forms of Assessment Read the section on your assigned form of assessment.Create a list of main points on this form of assessment.Give an example of what this assessment looks like using one of the grade samples.Record your points in the appropriate section of the Venn diagram on BLM 7.1.
14Different Forms of Assessment Share…and record points in the other sections of the Venn diagram.
15Linking Assessment and Instruction Working on ItLinking Assessment and Instruction
16Linking Assessment and Instruction Assessment is an integral part of teaching and learning. Quality instruction and assessment are not necessarily different activities, and in fact, should become nearly indistinguishable.
17Linking Assessment and Instruction When students experience difficulties and receive no useful feedback, they are likely to attribute their problems to a lack of ability, and give up. But when they receive specific information about ways in which they can improve and are given opportunities to revise their work, they receive a clear message from the teacher that gives them confidence and enables them to improve.
18Linking Assessment and Instruction Read page 8.14.This section will provide you with background information for the next task.
19Linking Assessment and Instruction Select one of the four assessment situations. Record your responses to the following on chart paper.
20Linking Assessment and Instruction Inferences from assessmentNext instructional step(s)To help you with this task, refer toBLM 7.5 — an example from the Guide to Effective Instruction, Kindergarten to Grade 3, 2004.Be ready to present your thoughts to the whole group.
21Teacher’s AssessmentA Kindergarten student miscounts a set of objects by counting some objects in the set more than once.
22Inference From Assessment The student may have difficulty recognizing one-to-one correspondence while counting, and lacks a strategy for counting each object one time only.
23Next Instructional Step The teacher models counting a set of objects, touching and pushing aside each object as it is counted out loud. The teacher then asks, “How many objects are there altogether?” to check whether the student understands the cardinality principle of counting (that the last counting word indicates the number of objects in the set).Next, the teacher and student count aloud together, as the student touches and pushes each object aside so that it will not be counted twice. The teacher then asks the student to count other sets of objects to determine whether he or she is now counting sets successfully.
24The Task Choose an assessment situation from the envelope. On chart paper, record- an inference from the assessment;- a next instructional step.Present your ideas to the group.
25Observation – A Powerful Lens on Learning Working On ItObservation –A Powerful Lens on Learning
26ObservationYoung students demonstrate their mathematical knowledge and understanding through what they do, say, and show. Therefore, observation is the most efficient and effective way for teachers to assess students’ mathematical abilities.
27ObservationTeachers must be attentive observers of their students as they seek evidence of how well students are learning concepts and skills.
28ObservationRead ppAnswer the questions onBLM 7.2 .
30Assessment MethodsTeachers should use a variety of assessment strategies in order to assess students’ mathematical development as completely as possible.The use of various assessment strategies also allows all students to demonstrate what they know and can do in ways that suit them.
31Assessment Methods Divide into three groups. Investigate the following topics and record your findings onBLM 7.3.Group 1Personal Communications (pp )Group 2Performance Tasks (pp )Group 3Paper-and-Pencil Tasks (pp )
34Evaluation Read the section on Evaluation (pp. 8.33–8.35). List three important ideas on evaluation discussed in this section.Compare ideas with others at your table.
35EvaluationIt is not expected that teachers will evaluate achievement in each category of knowledge or skills; rather, teachers should take these categories into account as they evaluate holistically.
36EvaluationTeachers should not provide a grade on an individual assessment or a collection of assessments unless the grade serves a clear purpose: to communicate achievement of curriculum expectations to students, parents, other teachers, and administrators.
37EvaluationEvaluating student achievement results in an understanding of the degree to which a student has been successful in learning. The purpose of evaluation, however, is not to label the student and his or her accomplishments, but to gain a stronger awareness of the learning that has occurred and of further measures needed to improve learning.
38Reflecting and Connecting Consider the variety of assessment and evaluation methods and ideas that were examined today.Choose a method or idea that would be effective in your classroom. Try it with your students.Be prepared to talk about this experience with your colleagues at the next session.