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In the spring of 1917 Lenin was given permission by the Provisional Government to return to Russia. Why on earth would they allow this to happen?  starter.

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Presentation on theme: "In the spring of 1917 Lenin was given permission by the Provisional Government to return to Russia. Why on earth would they allow this to happen?  starter."— Presentation transcript:

1 In the spring of 1917 Lenin was given permission by the Provisional Government to return to Russia. Why on earth would they allow this to happen?  starter activity YouTube clip

2 What impact did Lenin’s return have? To identify key ideas attributed to Lenin To assess the extent to which Lenin’s return increased pressures on the PG  LOs

3 Watch the film about the Provisional Government & complete the questions

4 What stage was Russia at when Lenin arrived back in April 1917?

5  Your task Read Murphy p in the section headed ‘Lenin’s Political Ideas’. Write this heading in your notes and list the challenges Lenin faced in reforming Russia. Read Murphy p in the section headed ‘Lenin’s Political Ideas’. Write this heading in your notes and list the challenges Lenin faced in reforming Russia.  Extension. Update your bank of ‘juicy quotes’ with those of Williams & Pipes on p.59. Make a note of how far you agree with their views  Extension. Update your bank of ‘juicy quotes’ with those of Williams & Pipes on p.59. Make a note of how far you agree with their views

6 Problems facing Lenin Timing – according to Marx’s theories Russia needed to go through a socialist phase before pure communism was achieved Timing – according to Marx’s theories Russia needed to go through a socialist phase before pure communism was achieved Splits in the party – Social Democrats divided over methods; Bolsheviks & Mensheviks split Splits in the party – Social Democrats divided over methods; Bolsheviks & Mensheviks split Leadership – many leaders, including Lenin lived in exile Leadership – many leaders, including Lenin lived in exile Legitimacy – Bolsheviks were illegal in Russia Legitimacy – Bolsheviks were illegal in Russia Lack of preparation – Lenin surprised by fall of Tsar in Feb 1917 Lack of preparation – Lenin surprised by fall of Tsar in Feb 1917

7  Hear Lenin speak How accurate do you think this painting is of Lenin’s return to Petrograd in April 1917?

8  Your task Read Murphy, p.60. Write the heading ‘April Theses’ in your notes and record what Lenin said about the following: Read Murphy, p.60. Write the heading ‘April Theses’ in your notes and record what Lenin said about the following: Marxist ideas on revolution Marxist ideas on revolution The War The War The government of Russia The government of Russia Slogans Slogans

9 April Theses Marxist ideas on revolution – bourgeois revolution should immediately be followed by socialist one Marxist ideas on revolution – bourgeois revolution should immediately be followed by socialist one The War – immediate end The War – immediate end The government of Russia – power to Soviets ( Bolsheviks had more power there) The government of Russia – power to Soviets ( Bolsheviks had more power there) Slogans – ‘Bread, peace & land’; ‘All power to the Soviets’ Slogans – ‘Bread, peace & land’; ‘All power to the Soviets’

10  Your task Read Murphy p and Oxley, p and list the ways in which Lenin’s return increased pressure on the PG Read Murphy p and Oxley, p and list the ways in which Lenin’s return increased pressure on the PG Lenin returns to Finland Station, Petrograd, 3 April 1917

11 Lenin’s return Other revolutionaries returned, e.g. Stalin Other revolutionaries returned, e.g. Stalin Lenin returned to stir up opposition to PG -“They transported Lenin in a sealed truck like a plague bacillus into Russia” (Churchill) Lenin returned to stir up opposition to PG -“They transported Lenin in a sealed truck like a plague bacillus into Russia” (Churchill) Increased support for Soviet – sole right to govern, ‘All Power to the Soviets’ Increased support for Soviet – sole right to govern, ‘All Power to the Soviets’ Criticisms echoed popular concerns ‘Peace, Land & Bread’ Criticisms echoed popular concerns ‘Peace, Land & Bread’ Excellent orator – Finland Station Speech & April Theses, need for worldwide revolution Excellent orator – Finland Station Speech & April Theses, need for worldwide revolution

12 How right was Lenin in his judgement of the Provisional Government? Do you believe his comments on the Soviet?

13  Your task Imagine you are Lenin standing at Finland Station, in Petrograd. Write a short version of his speech making references to these points: Imagine you are Lenin standing at Finland Station, in Petrograd. Write a short version of his speech making references to these points: Explaining who you are & your key ideas Explaining who you are & your key ideas Why the Provisional Government is wrong Why the Provisional Government is wrong How life for ordinary people will improve under the Bolsheviks How life for ordinary people will improve under the Bolsheviks

14  Extension task Find out why someone blew a hole in Lenin’s bottom in April 2009

15  Homework Imagine you are a British reporter at Finland Station. Write an article about Lenin’s speech. Refer to the ideas put forward by Lenin, how his speech was received by different groups, the likely impact of the speech on the people of Russia, minimum ¾ side of A4 Imagine you are a British reporter at Finland Station. Write an article about Lenin’s speech. Refer to the ideas put forward by Lenin, how his speech was received by different groups, the likely impact of the speech on the people of Russia, minimum ¾ side of A4

16 Plenary Plenary What were Lenin’s key ideas What were Lenin’s key ideas In what ways did he put pressure on the Provisional Government In what ways did he put pressure on the Provisional Government  Conduct a SWOT of Lenin  Conduct a SWOT of Lenin


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