Presentation on theme: "BB10A: Cells, Biomolecules & Genetics 2003-04 Semester 1 Welcome, again to biochemistry."— Presentation transcript:
BB10A: Cells, Biomolecules & Genetics 2003-04 Semester 1 Welcome, again to biochemistry
What is BB10A all about? It is an introduction to university studies in Cell Biology/microscopy Biochemistry/biomolecules Genetics
Golgi-Complex Endoplasmic reticulum – Golgi-Complex Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) transitional vesicles Convex face, cis face, forming face of Golgi-Complex Concave face, trans face, maturing face of Golgi-Complex It is an introduction to university studies in Cell biology What is BB10A all about?
“Hydrophobic Interaction” H-bond Ionic interaction Adapted From Voet & Voet What is BB10A all about? It is an introduction to university studies in Biochemistry & Biomolecules
What is BB10A all about? It is also an introduction to university studies in Genetics
What is BB10A good for? It is a pre-requisite (along with BB10B) for majors in: biochemistry biotechnology botany environmental biology experimental biology microbiology (option) molecular biology zoology (N.B. BC10M can substitute BB10A/B for some majors)
Should I know chemistry and biology before starting? Biology: yes Chemistry:no, but it is needed for majors in the biochemical sciences: biochemistry biotechnology molecular biology
Biotechnology: THE BIOREMEDIATION OF RUM DISTILLERY WASTE USING Cryptococcus curvatus by Kisha McLeod Supervisor: A. G. M. Pearson Biochemistry Section Department of Basic Medical Sciences Biochemistry & its Applications
Biotechnology: The use of microorganisms to render sewage safer. The use of microorganisms in food preservation. Biochemistry & its Applications
Biotechnology: The use of immobilised enzymes (biochemical reactors) to carry out precise reactions. The production of pharmaceuticals. Biochemistry & its Applications
Biotechnology: The production of bulk biomolecules, e.g. EthanolAcetic acidCitric acid Ascorbic acidAmino acids Dietary supplementsVitamins etc. Biochemistry & its Applications
Molecular Biology: Recombinant DNA technology (genetic engineering) GMOs:genetically modified organisms Biochemistry & its Applications
Molecular Biology: Recombinant DNA technology Modified enzymes : with greater stability making new product molecules better reaction kinetics Biochemistry & its Applications
Molecular Biology: Forensic applications (DNA fingerprinting) Genetic diseases Understanding fundamental biochemistry Biochemistry & its Applications
Biochemistry Synthesis of useful biomolecules Characterisation of new reactions Biochemistry & its Applications
Biochemistry Poorly understood biochemistry: Insects Fish Nematodes Plants Most microorganisms Biochemistry & its Applications
The same biochemistry is used by all living cells that have been studied. Electrons, protons and energy are the fundamental components of biochemistry and bioenergetics.
Chemistry fundamentals: Elements all have different nuclei. Atomic nuclei are formed of : protons (+ve charge) neutrons (no charge) electrons (-ve charge) are roughly equal in number to the no. of protons in the nucleus. Covalent bonds are the sharing of electrons between consenting nuclei.
Chemistry fundamentals: Hydrogen nuclei (protons), like electrons, can exist independently. Protons tend to dissociate from “acids” in aqueous media. Protons tend to associate with “bases” in aqueous media. Electrons readily associate with and dissociate from “redox couples” such as: Fe 2+ /Fe 3+ ; Cu + /Cu 2+.
The tenacity with which a molecule holds onto its dissociable protons (the pKa value) is related to the proton concentration (the pH value) of its environment. pH = pKa + log [unprotonated] [protonated]
There is supplementary material on pH, pK and buffers in your lab handbook, including the url for a self-paced, web-based tutorial on pH, pK and the Henderson-Hasselbalch equation. You will be expected to perform calculations using the Henderson-Hasselbalch equation.