Presentation on theme: "”The True Sex”. Trouble with Hermaphrodites – Bente Rosenbeck Center for Gender Studies, Department of Scandinavian Studies and Linguistic, University."— Presentation transcript:
”The True Sex”. Trouble with Hermaphrodites – Bente Rosenbeck Center for Gender Studies, Department of Scandinavian Studies and Linguistic, University of Copenhagen (Greek hermaphrodite statue, National Museum, Stockholm)
Queen Christina (1626-1689) "But that I am asked to marry is a difficult thing to decide, since thereafter I would never be free, but tied, and I would never be able to escape from it.” (Nordisk Kvindelitteraturhistorie 1998 vol. I: 308) “insurmountable distaste for marriage” (ibid) Split being – double human being –androgynity Hermaphrodite? Thomas Laqueur: one-sex model J. Butler: to do boy/man - performativity
Thomas Laqueur: Making sex. Body and gender from the greeks to Freud. 1990 Michel Foucault: Herculine Barbin. Being the Recently Discovered Memoirs of a Nineteenth-Century French Hermaphrodite 1977 Alice Dreger Hermaphrodites and the Medical Invention of Sex. Harvard University Press, 1998. Bibliotek for læger 1950- Karen Vallgårda artikel 2005
Miss M. N. 1892 Richard Blom – Rejected the primary and secondary gender characteristics – Sexual attraction ( desire – object) could serve as a guide to determining gender – Gender ambivalence: recommend the male gender – Advice today: recommend the female gender
Hercule Barbin/Alexina Chambermaid/teacher Legal gender change in 1860 What was it that revealed that Alexina was actually a man? – Behaviour – no – Sperm-like fluid – Attracted to the female sex – yes (desire)
Vilhelmine Møller/Vilhelmi double human being / split being in the memoirs Deformed sexual organs The counsel for the defense pleaded a mild punishment bridge between man and woman lived under “unnatural conditions” “mitigating circumstances”
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