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1 5-1 Yes/no questions and short answersYes/no questions and short answers 5-2 Yes/no questions and information questionsYes/no questions and information.

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Presentation on theme: "1 5-1 Yes/no questions and short answersYes/no questions and short answers 5-2 Yes/no questions and information questionsYes/no questions and information."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 5-1 Yes/no questions and short answersYes/no questions and short answers 5-2 Yes/no questions and information questionsYes/no questions and information questions 5-3 Where, why, when, and what timeWhere, why, when, and what time 5-4 Questions with who, who(m), and whatQuestions with who, who(m), and what 5-5 Spoken and written contractions with question wordsSpoken and written contractions with question words 5-6 Using what + a form of doUsing what + a form of do 5-7 Using what kind ofUsing what kind of 5-8 Using whichUsing which 5-9 Using whoseUsing whose 5-10 Using howUsing how 5-11 Using how oftenUsing how often 5-12 Using how farUsing how far 5-13 Length of time: it + take and how longLength of time: it + take and how long 5-14 More questions with howMore questions with how 5-15 Using how about and what aboutUsing how about and what about 5-16 Tag questionsTag questions CONTENTS

2 2 5-1 YES/NO QUESTIONS AND SHORT ANSWERS Does Marta look happy? No, she doesn’t. Marta doesn’t look happy.

3 3 Yes, he did. (He arrived.) No, he didn’t. (He didn’t arrive.) Yes, I do. (I like apples.) No, I don’t. (I don’t like apples.) 5-1 YES/NO QUESTIONS AND SHORT ANSWERS YES/NO QUESTION SHORT ANSWER + LONG ANSWER (a) Do you like apples? (b) Did he arrive?

4 4 Yes, it is. It’s sunny. No, it isn’t. It isn’t sunny. Yes, I have. Yes I have seen Jim. No, I haven’t. No, I haven’t seen Jim. 5-1 YES/NO QUESTIONS AND SHORT ANSWERS YES/NO QUESTION SHORT ANSWER + LONG ANSWER (c) Have you seen Jim? (d) Is it sunny?

5 5 Yes, he will. Yes, he will go. No, he won’t. No, he won’t go. 5-1 YES/NO QUESTIONS AND SHORT ANSWERS YES/NO QUESTION SHORT ANSWER LONG ANSWER (e) Will he go with us? yes/no question can be answered yes or no

6 6 5-1 YES/NO QUESTIONS AND SHORT ANSWERS (c) CORRECT: Yes, I have. Yes, I’ve. (d) CORRECT: Yes, it is. Yes, it’s. (e) CORRECT: Yes, he will. Yes, he’ll. affirmative short answer helping verb is NOT contracted

7 7 ______________________Have you been to Croatia? 5-1 LET’S PRACTICE YES / NO QUESTION SHORT ANSWER LONG ANSWER ______________________ Yes, I have been to Croatia. Yes, I’ve been to Croatia. Yes, I have.

8 8 Can turtles run? 5-1 LET’S PRACTICE YES / NO QUESTION SHORT ANSWER LONG ANSWER No, turtles can’t run. No, they can’t. _________________

9 9 ______________________ Have you been skydiving? 5-1 LET’S PRACTICE YES / NO QUESTION SHORT ANSWER LONG ANSWER __________ Yes, I have been skydiving. Yes, I’ve been skydiving. Yes, I have. ______________________

10 YES/NO QUESTIONS AND INFORMATION QUESTIONS Whose old truck is that?

11 YES/NO QUESTIONS AND INFORMATION QUESTIONS yes/no question can be answered yes or no Are you going to college? Where are you going to college? information question where, when, why, who, whom, what, which, whose, how

12 12 (a) Does he work in Beijing? (b) Where does he work ? (QUESTION WORD) HELPING VERB SUBJECT MAIN VERB (REST OF SENTENCE) 5-2 YES/NO QUESTIONS AND INFORMATION QUESTIONS yes/no question information question

13 13 (h) Who(m) did Jack see ? 5-2 YES/NO QUESTIONS AND INFORMATION QUESTIONS (QUESTION WORD) HELPING VERB SUBJECT MAIN VERB (REST OF SENTENCE) (c) Are you working at home? (d) Where are you working ? (e) Will they visit soon? (f) When will they visit ? (g) Did Jack see Jill? HELPING VERB + SUBJECT + MAIN VERB

14 14 (j) Where are you ? (QUESTION WORD) HELPING VERB SUBJECT MAIN VERB (REST OF SENTENCE) (i) Are you at the gym? 5-2 YES/NO QUESTIONS AND INFORMATION QUESTIONS main verb: be simple present, simple past helping verb position

15 15 (l) What was wrong? (QUESTION WORD) HELPING VERB SUBJECT MAIN VERB (REST OF SENTENCE) 5-2 YES/NO QUESTIONS AND INFORMATION QUESTIONS (k) Who went with you? subject: question word do is not used

16 LET’S PRACTICE ______________________ ANSWER INFORMATION QUESTION Juana lives in Santiago, Chile. Where does Juana live?

17 LET’S PRACTICE _____________________ there? ANSWER INFORMATION QUESTION Juana has lived in Santiago for six years. How long has Juana lived

18 LET’S PRACTICE Who _______________ ANSWER INFORMATION QUESTION Juana’s friend lives with her. lives with her?

19 WHERE, WHY, WHEN, AND WHAT TIME What time is our meeting?

20 WHERE, WHY, WHEN, AND WHAT TIME (a) Where did you go? Vancouver (b) Why did you go there?Because my parents live there. where place why reason QUESTIONANSWER

21 21 when any time expression 5-3 WHERE, WHY, WHEN, AND WHAT TIME QUESTIONANSWER (c) What time did you go? Six-fifteen. Around noon. A quarter to two. (d) When did you get there? Seven-thirty. Last Monday. Five hours ago. what time on a clock

22 LET’S PRACTICE ________________________ ANSWER QUESTION I’ll study this evening. When are you going to study? when

23 LET’S PRACTICE ________________________ ANSWER QUESTION I’m going to study geometry. What are you going to study? what

24 LET’S PRACTICE ________________________ I’m going to study geometry because I have a test tomorrow. Why are you going to study geometry? ________________________ ANSWER QUESTION why

25 QUESTIONS WITH WHO, WHO(M), AND WHAT What broke? Something broke.

26 26 who subject whom object 5-4 QUESTIONS WITH WHO, WHO(M), AND WHAT QUESTIONANSWER (a) Who spoke? Someone spoke. (b) Who(m) did you hear? I heard Ms. Adam. formal English

27 27 what subject or object 5-4 QUESTIONS WITH WHO, WHO(M), AND WHAT QUESTIONANSWER (c) What broke? Something broke. (d) What was it? I saw nothing.

28 28 who, what subject 5-4 QUESTIONS WITH WHO, WHO(M), AND WHAT QUESTIONANSWER (a) Who spoke? Someone spoke. do not used (c) What broke? Something broke. CORRECT: Who sang? INCORRECT: Who did sing?

29 LET’S PRACTICE _____ ANSWER We learned something. did you learn?What QUESTION who whom what

30 LET’S PRACTICE _____ ANSWER Rodrigo is at the door. is at the door? Who QUESTION who whom what

31 31 With do you wish to speak? 5-4 LET’S PRACTICE _____ ANSWER I wish to speak with Dr. Poulos. whom QUESTION (formal) who whom what

32 32 What’s that? 5-5 SPOKEN AND WRITTEN CONTRACTIONS WITH QUESTION WORDS What’s that?

33 33 (a) “When’s he leaving?” “Why’s that?” 5-5 SPOKEN AND WRITTEN CONTRACTIONS WITH QUESTION WORDS ( b) “What’re they doing?” “Who’re you?” (c) “Who’d you see?” “What’d she do?” (d) “Where’ll you be?” “When’ll they be here?” SPOKEN ONLY is are did will contracted in speaking usually NOT written

34 SPOKEN AND WRITTEN CONTRACTIONS WITH QUESTION WORDS SPOKEN WRITTEN (e) Where’s the cat? Where ’ s the cat? What’s that? What ’ s that? Who’s he? Who ’ s he? only contractions with is + where, what or who commonly written

35 LET’S PRACTICE Who is that person? Who’s that person? SAY: Who’s that person?

36 LET’S PRACTICE What did you do yesterday? What’d you do yesterday? SAY: What’d you do yesterday?

37 37 SAY: Who’ll you see at school tomorrow? 5-5 LET’S PRACTICE Who will you see at school tomorrow? Who’ll you see at school tomorrow?

38 USING WHAT + A FORM OF DO What do you do in science class?

39 39 (a) What does Fayud do every evening? He prepares dinner. She went swimming. She is reading. 5-6 USING WHAT + A FORM OF DO QUESTION ANSWER (b) What did Amy do last weekend? (c) What is Amy doing now?

40 40 (d) What are you going to do this week? (e) What do you want to do tomorrow? (f) What would he like to do now? I’m going to study. I want to go bowling. He would like to eat. 5-6 USING WHAT + A FORM OF DO QUESTION ANSWER

41 41 I’ll paint the kitchen. You should clean it up. (g) What will you do tonight? 5-6 USING WHAT + A FORM OF DO QUESTION ANSWER (h) What should I do about this mess? what + form of do questions about activities am doing, will do, are going to do, did…

42 LET’S PRACTICE _________________ right now? They’re dancing. What are they doing

43 LET’S PRACTICE ______________________________________? My brothers want to play volleyball this afternoon. What do your brothers want to do this afternoon

44 LET’S PRACTICE ______________________ this dirty van? She should wash it. What should she do about

45 USING WHAT KIND OF What kind of flowers do you like?

46 USING WHAT KIND OF (a) What kind of shirt do you need? T-shirt dress shirt sport shirt formal shirt what kind of specific type general category

47 47 cucumbers eggplant garlic peppers 5-7 USING WHAT KIND OF (b) What kind of vegetables do you like? what kind of specific type general category carrots cabbage corn onions

48 LET’S PRACTICE What kind of movies do you like to see? Other kinds of movies: __________ Dramas Musicals Horror Adventure Comedies.

49 LET’S PRACTICE What kind of do you like to play? Other kinds of sports: _____________ sports Soccer / football Baseball Lacrosse Archery Volleyball.

50 LET’S PRACTICE What kind of fruit do you eat every day? Other kinds of fruit: ________ Bananas Papayas Pears Apricots Apples.

51 USING WHICH Which pencil do you want?

52 USING WHICH Sure. Which one do you want me to check? (a) which choice what Would you check my answer?

53 USING WHICH Amy: I love to travel. Cindy: Which cities do you like to visit? (b) which plural nouns singular nouns

54 54 (c) Laura: This is a photo of my family. Bill: How nice. Which one is Shawna? which people 5-8 USING WHICH

55 55 (d)What did you get for your birthday? what not a choice from a group 5-8 USING WHICH

56 LET’S PRACTICE what which _____________________? I rode the brown one. Which horse did you ride

57 57 What would you like for your birthday ______________________________? 5-8 LET’S PRACTICE what which I would like some pearls for my birthday.

58 58 ____________________________? Which do you think is more dangerous 5-8 LET’S PRACTICE what which I think that the lion is more dangerous than the turtle. turtle lion

59 USING WHOSE Whose keys are these?

60 USING WHOSE (a) Whose (hat) is this? It’s the recruit’s (hat). (b) Whose (shoes) are these? They’re mine. They’re my shoes. (c) Whose phone did you use? I used Evelyn’s (phone). Whose possession

61 USING WHOSE (d) Who’s that? Zoe Thompson. (e) Whose birthday cake is that? It’s Zoe’s cake. Whose possession Who’s = who + is

62 62 __________________________ ? Who’s going to ride the gray one 5-9 LET’S PRACTICE whose who’s Harry. Harry is going to ride the grey one.

63 63 _____________________ ? Whose suitcase is this 5-9 LET’S PRACTICE whose who’s This is Misha’s suitcase.

64 64 Who’s driving Rachel to school _________________________ ? 5-9 LET’S PRACTICE whose who’s Her father is driving Rachel to school.

65 USING HOW How was the beach?

66 USING HOW QUESTIONANSWER (a) How did you get home? I drove. / By car.

67 USING HOW QUESTIONANSWER (a) How did you get home? I drove. / By car. I took a taxi. / By taxi.

68 USING HOW QUESTIONANSWER (a) How did you get home? I drove. / By car. I took a taxi. / By taxi. I took a bus. / By bus.

69 USING HOW QUESTIONANSWER (a) How did you get home? I drove. / By car. I took a taxi. / By taxi. I took a bus. / By bus. I flew. / By plane.

70 USING HOW QUESTIONANSWER (a) How did you get home? I drove. / By car. I took a taxi. / By taxi. I took a bus. / By bus. I flew. / By plane. I took a train. / By train.

71 USING HOW QUESTIONANSWER (a) How did you get home? I drove. / By car. I took a taxi. / By taxi. I took a bus. / By bus. I flew. / By plane. I took a train. / By train. I walked. / By foot.

72 USING HOW QUESTIONANSWER (a) How did you get home? I drove. / By car. I took a taxi. / By taxi. I took a bus. / By bus. I flew. / By plane. I took a train. / By train. I walked. / By foot. how many uses ask about transportation

73 USING HOW (b) How old are you? Thirty-three. (c) How tall is she? About 2 meters. (d) How big is your van? It seats eleven. (e) How tired are you? Not very tired. (f) How thirsty are you? I’m very thirsty. (g) How soon will they be ready? In about one hour. (h) How well does he speak Urdu? Not very well. (i) How quickly can you finish? I can finish by 3:00. how adjectives QUESTIONANSWER

74 USING HOW OFTEN How often do you eat sushi?

75 USING HOW OFTEN (a) How often do you eat out? Every day. Once a week. About 3 times a week. Every other day or so. Two times a month. Once a month. how often frequency QUESTIONANSWER

76 USING HOW OFTEN (b) How many times a day do you eat meat? Once. (c) How many times a week do you play tennis? Two or three. (d) How many times a month do you wash your car? Maybe once. (e) How many times a year do you visit your dad? At least four. how often = how many times a day a week a month a year QUESTIONANSWER

77 77 _________________________________ ? How many times a year do you go to the doctor _________________________ ? 5-11 LET’S PRACTICE How often do you go to the doctor I go to the doctor about twice a year. how often how many times

78 78 _________________________________ ? How many times a month do they go to a party _________________________ ? 5-11 LET’S PRACTICE How often do they go to a party They go to a party about once a month. how often how many times

79 79 How many times a week does she see her family __________________________________ ? _________________________ ? 5-11 LET’S PRACTICE How often does she see her family She sees her family every Sunday. how often how many times

80 USING HOW FAR How far is it to the Eiffel Tower?

81 USING HOW FAR (a) It is 4,611 km from Ottawa to Vancouver. (b) It is 4,611 km from Ottawa to Vancouver. from Vancouver to Ottawa. to Vancouver from Ottawa. to Ottawa from Vancouver. It is + distance + from/to + to/from most common same meaning

82 USING HOW FAR (c) How far is it from Ottawa to Vancouver? 4,611 kilometers. (d) How far do you live from your job? About 3 miles. distance How far 1 mile = 1.6 kilometers 1 kilometer =.614 mile

83 USING HOW FAR (e) How many miles is it from Chicago to Dallas? (f) How many kilometers is it from Paris to Rome? (g) How many blocks is it to the supermarket? How far = how many miles how many kilometers how many blocks

84 84 _______________________________ ? How many miles is it from Orlando to Miami _________________________ ? 5-12 LET’S PRACTICE How far is it from Orlando to Miami 228 miles. (It’s 228 miles from Orlando to Miami.) how far how many miles

85 85 How many kilometers is it from Ankara to Istanbul ___________________________________ ? ___________________________ ? 5-12 LET’S PRACTICE How far is it from Ankara to Istanbul 320 kilometers. (It’s 320 kilometers from Ankara to Istanbul.) how far how many kilometers

86 86 _______________________________ ? How many blocks is it to the hardware store _________________________ ? 5-12 LET’S PRACTICE How far is it to the hardware store 8 blocks. (It’s 8 blocks to the hardware store.) how far how many blocks

87 LENGTH OF TIME: IT + TAKE AND HOW LONG How long does it take to cook a turkey?

88 88 (a) It takes four hours to cook a turkey. (b) It took Lena ten minutes to make dinner. It + take used with time words + infinitive length of time 5-13 LENGTH OF TIME: IT + TAKE AND HOW LONG IT + TAKE + (SOMEONE) + LENGTH + INFINITIVE OF TIME

89 89 (a) It takes four hours to cook a turkey. (b) It took Lena ten minutes to make dinner. It + take used with time words + infinitive length of time 5-13 LENGTH OF TIME: IT + TAKE AND HOW LONG IT + TAKE + (SOMEONE) + LENGTH + INFINITIVE OF TIME An infinitive = to + simple form of verb

90 90 How long length of time 5-13 LENGTH OF TIME: IT + TAKE AND HOW LONG (c) How long does it take to cook a turkey? – Four hours. (d) How long did it take Abe to run home? –Five minutes. (e) How long did you read last night? – 45 minutes. (f) How long will you be on vacation? –Two weeks.

91 91 how many 5-13 LENGTH OF TIME: IT + TAKE AND HOW LONG (g) How many weeks will you be on vacation? – Two. + minutes hours days weeks months years

92 92 ______________________________________ It took Mr. Richards 30 minutes to ride to work LET’S PRACTICE Mr. Richards rode to work. Length of time: 30 minutes. it + take

93 93 ___________________________________ It took the truck 25 years to get very rusty LET’S PRACTICE The truck got very rusty. Length of time: 25 years. it + take

94 94 It takes us 5 minutes to drive from home to town LET’S PRACTICE We drive from home to town. Length of time: 5 minutes. it + take

95 MORE QUESTIONS WITH HOW Terrible! I’m so worried about my test! How’s it going?

96 MORE QUESTIONS WITH HOW QUESTIONANSWER (a) How do you spell “effort”? E-F-F-O-R-T (b) How do you say “no” in Russian? Nyet. (c) How do you say/pronounce this word? Spell the word. To answer: Say the word. Pronounce the word.

97 MORE QUESTIONS WITH HOW QUESTIONANSWER (d) How are you getting along? (e) How are you doing? (f) How’s it going? Great. Fine. Okay. So-so.

98 MORE QUESTIONS WITH HOW QUESTIONANSWER (d) How are you getting along? (e) How are you doing? (f) How’s it going? How is your life? Is your life okay? Do you have any problems? Great. Fine. Okay. So-so. Greetings: Hi Pat. How’s it going?

99 MORE QUESTIONS WITH HOW QUESTIONANSWER (g) How do you feel? How are you feeling? health, general emotional state Terrific! Wonderful! Great! Fine. Okay. So-so. A bit under the weather. Terrible! Lousy. Awful!

100 MORE QUESTIONS WITH HOW (h) formal introduction How do you do? How do you do?

101 LET’S PRACTICE I spell it: G-R-E-A-T. ___________________? How do you spell great

102 LET’S PRACTICE Alegre. Alegre means “happy” in Spanish. __________________________ ? How do you say “happy” in Spanish

103 LET’S PRACTICE A bit under the weather. ___________________ ? How do you feel ___________________ ? How are you feeling you

104 USING HOW ABOUT AND WHAT ABOUT How about joining our study group?

105 105 What about 5-15 USING HOW ABOUT AND WHAT ABOUT We need something to drink with dinner. How about iced tea? (a)

106 106 What about 5-15 USING HOW ABOUT AND WHAT ABOUT What time should we serve the soup? How about 7:30? (b)

107 107 What about 5-15 USING HOW ABOUT AND WHAT ABOUT What do you want to do this weekend? How about going to a museum? (c)

108 108 How about What about 5-15 USING HOW ABOUT AND WHAT ABOUT That sounds like a good idea. inviting Edith to join us? (d)

109 109 (c) How about going to a museum? (a) What about ice tea? (b) What about 7:30? (c) What about going to a museum? (d) What about inviting Edith to join us? (a) How about iced tea? (b) How about 7:30? (d) How about inviting Edith to join us? 5-15 USING HOW ABOUT AND WHAT ABOUT How about What about same meaning & usage suggestions or offers + noun or –ing form of verb

110 USING HOW ABOUT AND WHAT ABOUT (e) I’m not worried. We have time to study. I’m worried. How about you?

111 USING HOW ABOUT AND WHAT ABOUT Are you worried? No. What about you? (f) I’m very worried. How about you What about you question about preceding information

112 LET’S PRACTICE When do you want to go on vacation? May What about What about May 6th? How about How about May 6th?

113 LET’S PRACTICE What time shall we leave? What about What about 5:00? How about How about 5:00?

114 114 __________________ ___________________ 5-15 LET’S PRACTICE We need a new house. What about this house? How about this house? What about How about It is for sale.

115 TAG QUESTIONS Sydney isn’t in Africa, is it?

116 TAG QUESTIONS AFFIRMATIVE (+)NEGATIVE (-) (a) You play tennis, don’t you? (b) Lonnie is a doctor, isn’t she? (c) Susan can play the flute, can’t she? tag question end of sentence auxiliary verb affirmative main verb negative tag question

117 TAG QUESTIONS AFFIRMATIVE (+)NEGATIVE (-) (d) You don’t play golf, do you? (e) Lonnie isn’t a lawyer, is she? (f) Susan can’t swim, can she? negative main verbaffirmative tag question

118 TAG QUESTIONS SPEAKER’S IDEA I think you like this brand. (g)

119 TAG QUESTIONS You like this brand, don’t you? SPEAKER’S QUESTION Yes, I do. EXPECTED ANSWER

120 TAG QUESTIONS SPEAKER’S IDEA I think that he isn’t tired yet. (h)

121 TAG QUESTIONS You’re not tired, are you? SPEAKER’S QUESTIONEXPECTED ANSWER No, I’m not.

122 TAG QUESTIONS COMPARE (i) Do you know how to swim? speaker doesn’t know the answer (j) You know how to swim, don’t you? speaker is making sure

123 LET’S PRACTICE They look happy, ________? don’t they isn’t it do they don’t they

124 LET’S PRACTICE Your yard doesn’t look like this, _______ ? is it doesn’t it does it

125 LET’S PRACTICE I enjoy dancing, ________ ? don’t you isn’t it wasn’t it don’t you

126 126 Images used under license from: Shutterstock, Inc. PHOTO CREDITS


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