2PurposeThe purpose of teaching the QAR strategy is to show students that questions and answers have a variety of sources, and that learning about questions and their answers will help them, as readers become better at understanding and answering questions.2004 Iowa Department of Education
3RationaleTeaching students about QAR gives them the language for talking about the strategies they use to answer questions. It also helps students to develop an awareness of their own cognitive processes when answering questions.2004 Iowa Department of Education
4Question-Answer Relationships What is it?By Janet Stos
5QAR (Raphael, 1982,1986) is a strategy that is “designed to demystify the questioning process, providing the teachers and students with a commonvocabulary to discuss different types of questions and sources of information for answering these questions…”---McREL
6Reference: Teaching Reading in the Content Areas: If not me then who? By Rachel Billmeyer, Ph.DMary Lee Barton, M.Ed.2nd Edition, publisher, McREL
7Question-Answer-Relationship Four categories of questionsare studied during strategyuse and practice.
8TWO are text-based QARs “RIGHT THERE” questions askstudents to respond at the literal level;the words used to answer the questionscan be found “right there” in thesame sentence of the text.
9Right There questions may begin with words such as: Who is…Where is…List…How many…What is…When is…
10THINK AND SEARCHThese questions require students to “think” about how the information or ideas in the text relate to one another,and to “search” through the entirepassage to find theinformation that applies.
11Think and Search questions may begin with words like: Summarize…What caused…Compare…Explain…Retell…Contrast…Find two examples…
12TWO are knowledge-based QARs Students must use their prior knowledge to answer “Author and You/Me” questions.Their answer will include informationthat is beyond what isfound in the text. They mustread the text tounderstand what thequestion is asking.
13Author and You/Me questions may begin with statements like: What motive is there…Is it valid that…What beliefs justify…In your opinion what inconsistencies…Judge the effects of….
14Example: Author and You/Me The topic of the reading was cloning.In what instances, if ever, doyou think cloning shouldbe used?
15ON MY OWN (2nd knowledge based question) These questions can be answered with information from the students’background knowledge andDO NOT require readingfrom the text.
16ON MY OWN Create a children’s story where the discovery of a strange newcreature leads the characters on anamazing adventure.
17Let’s Compare: Bloom’s Taxonomy QAR Knowledge Right There questions ComprehensionThink and SearchApplicationAnalysisAuthor and You/MeSynthesisOn My OwnEvaluation
18The Woggily Thonk (A Cautionary Tale) Once upon a time there was a woggily thonk. The woggily thonk loved to squonk. One day the squonk decided to squonk murrily over the herp.What squonked?How would you describe the thonk?Where did it squonk?How did it squonk?
20QAR explicitly shows the relationship between questions and answers. QAR categorizes different types and levels of questions which helps students analyze, comprehend and respond to text conceptsQAR helps refute the common misconception that the texthas all the answers.
36What is QAR?A reading strategy that gives teachers and students a common vocabulary for discussing text.A reading strategy that includes IN THE BOOK and IN MY HEAD levels of questions.A reading strategy that teaches four types of questions and their relationships to the answers.Right There, Think and Search, Author and You, On My Own.A reading strategy that can be easily implemented across the curriculum!
38How Do you Use QAR? Begin by teaching the students the necessary vocabulary: Right There, etc.Model the 4 types of Questions (show them)Guide students (help them) by having them identify different types of questions and then answer them correctly.Have students (let them) write and label the different types of questions followed by the correct answers.
40When Do you Use QAR?In any situation where students interact with non-fiction as well as fiction text and….To help students understand that information from both text and knowledge based experiences is important to consider
42Why Use QAR?QAR is a research based reading strategy that benefits every type, every level of learner!QAR helps students comprehend more of what they have read and learn that all the answers MAY NOT come from the text!QAR easily and authentically embeds itself into every content area!