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Gerunds and Infinitives Form and Uses. Form Gerund: you add –ing to a verb: –ie. Meet > Meeting Infinitive: you add “to” before the base form of a verb:

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Presentation on theme: "Gerunds and Infinitives Form and Uses. Form Gerund: you add –ing to a verb: –ie. Meet > Meeting Infinitive: you add “to” before the base form of a verb:"— Presentation transcript:

1 Gerunds and Infinitives Form and Uses

2 Form Gerund: you add –ing to a verb: –ie. Meet > Meeting Infinitive: you add “to” before the base form of a verb: –ie. Meet > To meet

3 Uses: the gerund We use the gerund: – After some verbs : Suggest, recommend, like/dislike/prefer, love/hate, enjoy, finish, miss, continue, –ie. I suggested going to the cinema (Propuse ir al cine)

4 – In some expressions : Feel like (Tener ganas de) It´s no use (No merece la pena) Get used to / Be used to (Estar acostumbrandose / Estar acostumbrado) Can´t stand (No poder soportar) Can´t help (No poder evitar) Don´t mind (no importar) –ie. I don´t mind cleaning my room

5 – As subject in a sentence when we talk about general actions ie. Finding solutions to some problems is not easy (Encontrar soluciones a algunos problemas no es fácil)

6 – After prepositions ie. I´m interested in studying maths

7 Uses: the infinitive After some verbs, such as: –Want / wish / hope –Agree –Appear / seem –Choose –Decide –Learn –Plan –Promise –Refuse ie. I want to travel around the country next year

8 – After some adjectives and adverbs Happy to Slowly to –ie. I´m happy to be here / He ran too slowly to win

9 – After the indirect object of some verbs, such as : ADVISE, INVITE, TELL, WARN, TEACH, PERSUADE ie. He advised me to go to the doctor (Me aconsejó que fuese al médico)

10 Verbs related to perception (HEAR, FEEL, SEE,…) and MAKE / LET are followed by infinitive without to –ie. I saw Eric leave the office / Their parents make them clean their room

11 Verbs followed by either a gerund or an infinitive Begin Propose (proponer) Forbid Intend (tener la intención de) –ie.They started answering the letter / They started to answer the letter

12 Verbs with a change of meaning Stop gerund = dejar de hacer algo Stop infinitive = interrumpir una acción para hacer otra cosa –ie. He stopped going out with Mary / He stopped to have a coffee

13 Remember gerund = se refiere algo pasado Remember infinitive = se refiere al futuro –I remember meeting him at a party / I remembered to close the window

14 Forget gerund = indica que se nos ha olvidado que ocurrió algo Forget infinitive = significa olvidarse de hacer algo –ie. I forgot seeing him at a party / I forgot to close the door


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