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Adverbs of Frequency CEP 811 Jinny Kim Han Let’s begin!

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Presentation on theme: "Adverbs of Frequency CEP 811 Jinny Kim Han Let’s begin!"— Presentation transcript:

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2 Adverbs of Frequency CEP 811 Jinny Kim Han Let’s begin!

3 What are these? almost never Choose one! 1. verbs 2. adverbs 3. adjectives

4 Try again! Sorry, those are not verbs. A verb is a word such as run, feel, or swim that is used with a subject to say what someone or something does or what happens to them, or to give information about them Back to Test

5 Those are the adverbs of frequency. Adverbs are words that modify: a verb (She drove fast.- How did she drive?) an adjective (She drove a very fast car. — How fast was her car?) another adverb (She drove quite slowly. — How slowly did she drive?) You’re right! Next Slide

6 I am sorry! An adjective is a word such as small, beautiful, or heavy that describes a person or thing, or gives extra information about them. Adjectives usually come before nouns or after link verbs. Back to Test

7 What are frequency adverbs? Frequency adverbs are adverbs that state how often something happens or someone does something. For example, Eric often rides a bicycle. Andy goes to school by himself everyday. Next Slide

8 Do you have any idea how often? Next slide is a chart of frequency adverbs, the numbers after the adverbs will give you an idea of the how often an event would take place. Next Slide

9 Table of Frequency Adverbs always100% nearly/almost always 90% usually80% very often/ frequently 70% often60% sometimes50% occasionally40% almost ever/ never 20% seldom/ almost never 10% never0% Next Slide

10 Examples of Frequency Adverbs I always brush my teeth in the morning. (100%) She usually arrives to work on time. (90-99%) I visit my grandparents frequently. (75-90%) My dog often sleeps on my bed with me. (75-90%) Sometimes he eats eggs for breakfast. (25-50%) I go for a walk in the park occasionally. (25-50%) We seldom eat out. (10-25%) My family rarely goes on vacation. (1-10%) He never helps me clean the house. (0%) Next Slide

11 Test your knowledge on frequency adverbs. Andy is an excellent student. He _____ goes to class. 1. always 2. usually 3. sometimes 4. seldom

12 Good job! Common adverbs of frequency are never, almost never, hardly ever, rarely, seldom, sometimes, often, usually, almost always, and always. As you remember correctly, these adverbs are ordered from 0% occurrence to 100% occurrence. Next Slide

13 Sorry! There is a better answer. If you want to look at the table of frequency adverbs again, click the help button Back to test

14 Table of Frequency Adverbs always100% nearly/almost always 90% usually80% very often/ frequently 70% often60% sometimes50% occasionally40% almost ever/ never 20% seldom/ almost never 10% never0% Go back to test

15 Try this! Eric goes to the gym only two or three times a year. He ____ goes to the gym. 1. always 2. never 3. usually 4. seldom

16 Good Job! You are right! As you understand well, we use frequency adverbs to describe how often we do something. We usually place the frequency adverb between the subject and the simple present verb in the sentence. Sometimes they are placed at the beginning or end of a sentence. Frequency adverbs come after the verb "be". Next Slide

17 Oops, try again! Adverbs of Frequency answer The question "How often?" or "How frequently?" They tell us how often somebody does something. Look at the graph on the right: Can you get it now? Go back to the test. 100% always usually frequently often 50% sometimes occasionally rarely seldom hardly ever 0% never Back to test

18 Test your knowledge again. Mike goes to the beach whenever he can. He _____ misses a chance to go to the ocean. 1. never 2. always 3. usually

19 Think again! Read below sentences to understand how each frequency adverb is used in a sentence: I always brush my teeth in the morning.(100%) People usually smile when they are happy.(90-99%) We often visit our friends’ home. (75-90%) Sometimes Andy makes coffee for his mother.(25-75%) They seldom go to the theater.(10-25%) Eric rarely drinks tea.(1-10%) Brian never runs.(0%) Back to Test

20 You’ve got it! Want more challenges? If you do, you will get extra credit to complete the quiz below: If a printer is ready, print out the question sheet with your answers. However, if there is no printer, write down the questions and answers on paper and submit it and get extra credit. Next Slide

21 Positions of frequency adverbs Frequency adverbs are placed before the main verb except if the main verb is the verb "to be" the adverbs comes after the adverb. Next Slide

22 Positions of Frequency Adverbs 1 If the sentence has only one verb in it, we usually put the adverb in the middle of the sentence, i.e. after the subject and before the verb: subjectadverbverbpredicate Andyalwaysgoesto school by car. Next Slide

23 Positions of Frequency Adverbs 2 The adverb usually comes after the verb "be": subjectverbadverbpredicate Samisfrequentlylate Next Slide

24 Positions of Frequency Adverbs 3 If a sentence has more than one verb in it, the adverb is usually placed after the first part of the verb: subjectVerb 1adverbVerb 2predicate Shedoesn’tusuallydrinkwine. Iwillneversmokeagain. Next Slide

25 Remember! With have and used to, the frequency adverb is usually placed in front. For example, We always used to look forward to eating at the restaurant. I never has any trouble with my old computer. Next Slide

26 Positions of Frequency Adverbs 4 Frequency adverbs can be placed either at the beginning or end of the sentence. adverbsubjectVerb 1predicate Sometimeshegoesto church. subjectverbpredicateadverb Hegoesto churchsometimes. Next Slide

27 Exceptions: Always cannot be placed at the beginning or end of the sentence. Never, rarely, and seldom cannot go at the end of a sentence. They only can be put at the beginning of a sentence and have to be followed by the special word order. For example, Rarely had the orchestra given a worse performance. Seldom has there been a better time to discuss our differences. Next Slide

28 Positions of Frequency Adverbs 6 When using adverbs of frequency in the negative form, put the adverb before the main verb. (cf. Never, rarely, seldom and other negative sense of frequency verbs are not used in the negative form.) subjectAuxiliary verbadverbverbpredicate Idon’toftengoto the movies Next Slide

29 Review your knowledge. Visit the below link to check your understanding about the position of frequency adverbs: An interactive quiz on the position of frequency adverb (10 questions) Grammar exercise on the position of frequency adverbs (10 questions) If a printer is ready, print out the question sheet with your answers. However, if there is no printer, write down the questions and answers on paper and submit it and get extra credit. Next Slide

30 Let’s take a quick quiz. Read each sentence below, then decide if the [Frequency Adverb] goes “before” or “after” the verb. never BEFORE AFTER I eat green onions. always BEFORE AFTER Eric is happy when he plays with his best friend.

31 Oops! Try to remember: Frequency adverbs come before other verbs (play, sing, learn, work, etc.) I always help my brother. Jake usually comes early to school. Andy and Eric often swim together. Back to Test

32 Try once more! Remember this: Frequency adverbs come after a BE verb (am, is, are, was, were, etc.). Andy is always a good student. Eric is usually happy when he plays with his friends. Brian and Eric are often in the library after class. Back to Test

33 Right on target! You demonstrated your knowledge on the positions of adverbs of frequency and seem to correctly understand the rule below: “Adverbs of frequency can occupy different positions in the sentence. With most verbs, the normal position is between the subject and the verb. With the verb,to be, the adverb normally comes after the verb.” Go back to the second question, then. Back to Test

34 Great Job! Try some more~. Click the link below to take a quiz: A test with 10 questions A quiz with 5 questions If a printer is ready, print out the question sheet with your answers. However, if there is no printer, write down the questions and answers on paper and submit it and get extra credit. Next Slide

35 Congratulations! Now you’ve become the EXPERT on Frequency Adverbs! So far, you have learned: What the adverbs of frequency are What frequency adverbs do Where each of frequency adverb is placed in a sentence Don’t forget to keep practicing what you’ve learned today! Next Slide

36 Let’s Celebrate! Want some rewards? Click the lion below: End


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